The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 9
... and sex , 2000 Table 4 . 11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable
burdens of 10 leading selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk
factors as percentage causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table
However , these have very little influence on net effects when the population
attributable fractions are high for individual risk factors , as was often the case in
these analyses – for example , more than 80 % of diarrhoeal disease was
OTHER DIET - RELATED RISK FACTORS AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY As well
as undernutrition , substantial disease burden is also attributable to risks that are
related to overconsumption of certain foods or food components . This section ...
result the potential for prevention by focusing on causes of disease can be further
refined . Two other groups of risk factors are described below ( see Table 4 . 8 ) .
cila . UNSAFE HEALTH CARE PRACTICES As well as their substantial benefits ...
About onefifth of the global disease burden can be attributed to the joint effects of
protein - energy or micronutrient deficiency . In addition , almost as much burden
again can be attributed to risk factors that have substantial dietary determinants ...