The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
As one moves further from the direct , proximal causes of disease there can be a
decrease in causal certainty and consistency , often accompanied by increasing
complexity . Conversely , distal causes are likely to have amplifying effects – they
OTHER DIET - RELATED RISK FACTORS AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY As well
as undernutrition , substantial disease burden is also attributable to risks that are
related to overconsumption of certain foods or food components . This section ...
About onefifth of the global disease burden can be attributed to the joint effects of
protein - energy or micronutrient deficiency . In addition , almost as much burden
again can be attributed to risk factors that have substantial dietary determinants ...
Special attention has been paid to problems of misattribution or miscoding of
causes of death in cardiovascular diseases , cancer , injuries and general ill -
defined categories . A correction algorithm for reclassifying ill - defined
Annex Table 14 Major burden of disease – leading 10 selected risk factors and
leading 10 diseases and injuries , high mortality developing countries , 2000
Developing countries with high child and high or very high adult mortality ( AFR -