The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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However , most of the smoking - related disease burden is still found in
industrialized countries . ... Unfortunately , as this report demonstrates , they are
now becoming more prevalent in developing nations , where they create a
double burden ...
For instance , risk perceptions and their importance can vary between developing
and developed countries , as well as with such variables as sex , age , household
income , faith and cultural groups , urban and rural areas , and geographical ...
... of countries can be defined by geography , state of economic and demographic
development , and mortality patterns . ... developing and developed countries
900 800 700 600 500 DALYS ( 000 000 ) 400 300 200 100 Developing countries
In addition , unsafe sex is the leading risk in AFR - E and second leading risk in
AFR - D . Virtually all of the substantial burden attributable to these risks is borne
by developing countries . For industrialized countries , with just over one - fifth of
THE WORLD FACES SOME COMMON , LARGE AND CERTAIN RISKS TO
HEALTH Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage causes of disease
burden measured in DALYS Developing countries High mortality countries