The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
UNDERWEIGHT Undernutrition , defined in public health by poor anthropometric
status , is mainly a consequence of inadequate diet and frequent infection ,
leading to deficiencies in calories , protein , vitamins and minerals . Underweight
IODINE DEFICIENCY Iodine deficiency is likely to be the single most common
preventable cause of mental retardation and brain damage . “ Endemic cretinism
” , the form of profound mental retardation most closely identified with iodine ...
VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY Vitamin A is an essential nutrient required for
maintaining eye health and vision , growth , immune function , and survival ( 11 ) .
Several factors , often acting together , can cause Vitamin A deficiency : low
The prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders . Amsterdam : Elsevier ;
1987 . 8 . Global prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders . Geneva : World
Health Organization ; 1993 . Micronutrient Deficiency Information System ,
Results Even though many groups in the population are likely to benefit from iron
fortification , only the impact on iron deficiency anaemia in pregnant women ( with
an impact on maternal health and prenatal mortality ) has been included in the ...