The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Results As with iron , vitamin A fortification is more cost - effective than
supplementation in all regions , because of its lower costs . Supplementation will
, however , have a substantially large benefit in terms of population health -
media being very cost - effective in all settings . The cost - effectiveness of
interventions for men who have sex with men is of a similar order of magnitude in
the regions where they were evaluated . School - based health education was
In all cases , moving from the most cost - effective option to the combination has a
cost - effectiveness ratio well below the cut ... COMBINING RISK REDUCTION
STRATEGIES The previous section reviewed the effectiveness , costs and cost ...
All costs are included regardless of who pays.12 The horizontal axis shows the
yearly DALYs gained from this action . The two rays drawn from the origin
represent the cut - off points used to denote interventions as cost - effective and
very cost ...
types of antiretroviral therapy in conjunction with preventive activities is cost -
effective in most settings . • At least one type of intervention to reduce the risks
associated with cardiovascular disease is cost - effective in all settings .