The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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It looks at the extent to which these interventions are likely to improve population
health , both singly and in combination . The analysis in this chapter is used to
identify both actions that are very cost - effective and those that do not seem to be
The second step involves assessing what types of intervention are available to
decrease exposure to risks or to minimize the impact of exposure on health ; to
what extent they are likely to improve population health singly and in combination
Partly as a result of these interactions , risk reduction strategies are generally
based on a combination of interventions rather than just one . The decision about
which combination should be undertaken for the available resources is complex .
Population - wide and individual - based interventions are evaluated , alone and
in combination . All possible interventions or combinations could not be included
here , nor is it possible to analyse all of the different ways of designing the ...
This chapter evaluates different combinations of the interventions considered
above for reducing blood pressure and cholesterol levels . Individual ...
Population - wide combination of interventions to reduce hypertension and