The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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9 % 16 % + HIGH CHOLESTEROL Cholesterol is a fat - like substance , found in
the bloodstream as well as in bodily organs and nerve fibres . Most cholesterol in
the body is made by the liver from a wide variety of foods , especially from ...
For both sexes , alcohol and blood pressure account for 9 – 10 % of DALYs , and
cholesterol and body mass for 6 – 7 % of DALYs . Alcohol , blood pressure ,
overweight , cholesterol and tobacco are the leading five risks for each subregion
1 1 Underweight Unsafe sex Blood pressure Tobacco Alcohol Unsafe water ,
sanitation and hygiene Cholesterol 8 Indoor smoke from solid fuels 9 Iron
deficiency 10 Overweight Total DALYS Unsafe sex Blood pressure Underweight
BLOOD PRESSURE AND CHOLESTEROL Comprehensive approaches to the
control of cardiovascular diseases take account of a variety of interrelated risk
factors including blood pressure , cholesterol , smoking , body mass index , low ...
CHOLESTEROL Interventions Of the possible interventions , two are evaluated
here . Population - wide health education through mass media . Health education
through broadcast and print media is expected to lead to a 2 % reduction across