The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
SUMMARY OF CHAPTERS Chapter One : Protecting the people sets the scene
with a general introduction to the subject of measuring , communicating and
reducing risks to health - people ' s exposure to them and the role of government
The overall aim of the analyses reported in this chapter has been to obtain
reliable and comparable estimates of attributable burden of disease and injury on
which to build the basis of a variety of policy - relevant measures . The chapter
The chapter highlights the important role for government in encouraging risk
reduction strategies . Taxes on cigarette products are very cost - effective globally
, and higher tax rates result in larger improvements in population health .
To enhance comparability across risk factors , the basis for the results in Chapter
4 is the theoretical minimum risk distribution , that is exposure levels that would
yield the lowest population risk ( for example , no tobacco use by any members of
SOME STRATEGIES TO REDUCE RISK FROM HEALTH RISKS TO POLICY
Carlier chapters have quantified the burden ... This chapter evaluates selected
interventions to reduce the impact on population health of some of those risk