The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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69 81 82 83 89 Figure 4.7 Burden of disease attributable to selected
environmental risk factors ( % DALYs in each subregion ) Figure 4.8 Amount and
patterns of burden of disease in developing and developed countries Figure 4.9
Quantifying the burden of disease and injury attributable to ten major risk factors .
In : Murray CJL , Lopez AD , editors . The global burden of disease : a
comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases , injuries ,
and risk ...
Figure 4.3 Burden of disease attributable to diet - related risk factors and physical
inactivity ( % DALYs in each subregion ) A. Blood pressure or Worldwide , high
blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths , about 13 % of the total .
QQ00000 respiratory disease and 22 % for cardio- Figure 4.6 Burden of disease
attributable to tobacco , alcohol and illicit drugs vascular disease . Worldwide , it
is esti( % DALYs in each subregion ) A.Tobacco mated that tobacco causes ...
The latter have been analysed using a complete age , period cohort model of
cancer survival in each region.12 Annex Table 3 provides estimates of the
burden of disease using disability - adjusted life years ( DALYS ) as a measure of