The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 9
11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage
causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5 . 2 Time gains from ...
For the analysis of the costs and effects of interventions to reduce risk in Chapter
5 , a related counterfactual is used – based on the burden that would exist in the
absence of relevant interventions . Risk factor distributions that are plausible ...
These measures estimate the proportional reduction in disease burden resulting
from a specific change in the distribution of a risk factor . The potential impact
fraction ( PIF ) is given by the following equation : Ž P ( RR - 1 ) PIF = 2 , - 1 ) + 1 ...
Quantifying the burden of disease and injury attributable to ten major risk factors .
In : Murray CJL , Lopez AD , editors . The global burden of disease : a
comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases , injuries ,
and risk ...
attributable to unsafe sex , with unsafe water accounting for about 4 – 5 % of the
burden . In all the high mortality developing regions , underweight , unsafe water ,
sanitation and hygiene , and indoor smoke from solid fuels feature in the ...