The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage
causes of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5 . 2 Time gains from ...
This report presents estimates of attributable burden ( current burden due to past
exposure ) and of avoidable burden ( the proportion of future burden avoidable if
current and future exposure levels are reduced to those specified by some ...
4 Attributable and avoidable burdens Avoidable burden with constant projected
burden Avoidable burden with decreasing projected burden Disease burden
Disease burden Risk factor reductiona 0 % To Time Time 25 % = Avoidable
Avoidable burden estimates the effects of changes in terms of deviations in risk
levels from these predictions . Thus , avoidable burden is defined here as the
fraction of total disease burden in a particular year that could be avoided with a ...
The risk factors of unsafe water , sanitation and hygiene , and indoor smoke from
solid fuels assume lesser though still very substantial roles as causes of
avoidable burden , as the exposure levels are predicted to decrease with