The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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... Selected population attributable fractions by risk factor , sex and level of
development ( % DALYs for each cause ) , 2000 220 Annex Table 8 Distribution
of attributable mortality and DALYs by risk factor , age and sex , 2000 223 Annex
This report presents estimates of attributable burden ( current burden due to past
exposure ) and of avoidable burden ( the proportion of future burden avoidable if
current and future exposure levels are reduced to those specified by some ...
The methodology involved calculating population attributable risk , or where multi
- level data were available , potential impact fractions . These measures estimate
the proportional reduction in disease burden resulting from a specific change ...
Figure 4.3 Burden of disease attributable to diet - related risk factors and physical
inactivity ( % DALYs in each subregion ) A. Blood pressure or Worldwide , high
blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths , about 13 % of the total .
QQ00000 respiratory disease and 22 % for cardio- Figure 4.6 Burden of disease
attributable to tobacco , alcohol and illicit drugs vascular disease . Worldwide , it
is esti( % DALYs in each subregion ) A.Tobacco mated that tobacco causes ...