The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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People are also exposed in other environments , such as schools , transport
systems , bars and res - taurants . Exposure to ETS has been associated with
lower respiratory infections , sudden infant death syndrome , asthma , ischaemic
Studies of treated injecting opioid users show this pattern is associated with
increased overall mortality , including that caused by HIV / AIDS , overdose ,
suicide and trauma . Other adverse health and social effects that could not be
UNSAFE WATER , SANITATION AND HYGIENE Adverse health outcomes are
associated with ingestion of unsafe water , lack of access to water ( linked to
inadequate hygiene ) , lack of access to sanitation , contact with unsafe water ,
A trend analysis of a number of different fortification programmes in central
America shows a relative reduction of about 60 % in the prevalence of vitamin A
deficiency associated with the introduction of fortification ( 33 ) . Intervention
The burden of disease associated with unsafe water supply , sanitation and
hygiene is concentrated in children in developing countries . Accordingly ,
emphasis should be placed on interventions likely to yield accelerated and