The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Because the range of risks to health is almost limitless , it is essential for
governments to have a quantitative approach to gauging their importance . Risks
need to be defined and studied comprehensively irrespective of factors such as
While a high - risk approach may appear with three or more risk factors ( such as
a number others before and since , that for the vast major - more appropriate to
the individuals and their phy - of moles , blonde or auburn hair , previous sunity of
This in turn led to the lifestyles approach in health promotion . For instance , a
great deal of attention was paid to combating coronary heart disease through
health promotion aimed at high - risk individuals , such as increasing exercise
This form of targeted approach will subsequently be called the “ absolute risk
approach ” . The high - risk approach can be viewed as targeting the right - hand
tail of the risk factor curves in Figure 5 . 1 ( 13 ) . The alternative is to try to shift the
Primary health care emphasized programmatic areas rather than diseases , and
encouraged community and individual self - reliance and participation , an
emphasis on prevention , and a multisectoral approach . Subsequently , the
concept of ...