The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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The report recognizes that risk analysis is a political enterprise as well as a
scientific one , and that public perception of risk also plays a role in risk analysis ,
bringing issues of values , process , power and trust into the picture . The roles
3 PERCEIVING RISKS CHANGING PERCEPTIONS OF RISK iven the research
on the global burden of risks to health , together with the analysis that underpins
the choice of cost - effective interventions , what lessons have been learned
Comparative risk analysis of technological hazards : a review . Proceedings of
the National Academy of Sciences 1983 ; 80 : 7027-38 . 2. Royal Society . Risk
analysis , perception and management . London : Royal Society ; 1992 . 3. Carter
Sets of interventions that interact in terms of effectiveness or costs are considered
together , as stated earlier . For example , interventions to reduce risks
associated with hypertension and high cholesterol interact . The analysis is
based on ...
Slovic P , Gregory R. Risk analysis , decision analysis , and the social context for
risk decision making . In : Shanteau J , Mellers BA , Schum DA , editors . Decision
science and technology : reflections on the contributions of Warne Edwards .