The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
... deficiencies in micronutrients , particularly iodine , iron , vitamin A and zinc . ...
anthropometric status , is mainly a consequence of inadequate diet and frequent
infection , leading to deficiencies in calories , protein , vitamins and minerals .
VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY Vitamin A is an essential nutrient required for
maintaining eye health and vision , growth , immune function , and survival ( 11 ) .
Several factors , often acting together , can cause Vitamin A deficiency : low
VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY Interventions Vitamin A deficiency is negligible in the
European region of WHO , while deaths due to pneumonia and diarrhoea are
negligible in AMR - A and WPR - A . The following interventions are not
evaluated in ...
Results As with iron , vitamin A fortification is more cost - effective than
supplementation in all regions , because of its lower costs . Supplementation will
, however , have a substantially large benefit in terms of population health –
... magnitude of the effect varies with epidemiology . For example , vitamin A
supplementation achieves greater health effects than oral rehydration therapy in
some areas ( AMR - B , SEAR - B and WPR - B ) but in the others the reverse is