The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Approximately 25 % of this burden occurred in AFR - E , 17 % in SEAR - D and
16 % in EMR - D . IRON DEFICIENCY Iron is required in all tissues of the body for
basic cellular functions , and is critically important in muscle , brain and red blood
1 1 Underweight Unsafe sex Blood pressure Tobacco Alcohol Unsafe water ,
sanitation and hygiene Cholesterol 8 Indoor smoke from solid fuels 9 Iron
deficiency 10 Overweight Total DALYS Unsafe sex Blood pressure Underweight
IRON DEFICIENCY Interventions Iron fortification . Iron , usually combined with
folic acid , is added to the appropriate food vehicle made available to the
population as a whole . Cereal flours are the most common food vehicle and are
the basis ...
the women who currently attend antenatal clinics , only the costs of the iron and
the additional time of the visit were included . However , expansion of coverage
for iron supplementation purposes beyond current coverage of antenatal visits ...
Preventing Iron Deficiency in Women and Children . Technical Consensus on
Key Issues . Technical Workshop , UNICEF , New York , 7 - 9 October 1998 .
Boston : International Nutrition Foundation and Micronutrient Initiative ; 1999 . 31