The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
... of disease burden measured in DALYS 102 Table 5.2 Time gains from
improved access to water and sanitation in subregions AFR - D and EMR - D 128
Table 5.3 Cost - effective interventions 134 12 14 17 19 20 21 33 FIGURES
Figure 2.1 ...
69 81 82 83 89 Figure 4.7 Burden of disease attributable to selected
environmental risk factors ( % DALYs in each subregion ) Figure 4.8 Amount and
patterns of burden of disease in developing and developed countries Figure 4.9
Potential impact fractions require three main categories of data input , as
summarized in Figure 2.5 . The relationship between these key input variables
and the basic methodology involved in calculating and applying population
Figure 3.1 Hazards for dread and riska Unknown risk - not observable - unknown
to those exposed - effect delayed - new risk - risks unknown to science 1 1 Food
irradiation Lasers Nuclear power Water fluoridation Oral contraceptives ...
Their ranking globally , and their distribution by broad region , is shown in Figure
4.9 . Additionally , the ranking of risks within major world regions , by level of
development and affected disease or injury outcomes , is shown in Figure 4.10 .