The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 5
Ooobood : < 0.5 % Z 0.5-0.9 % 1-1.9 % 4-7.9 % 8-15.9 % 16 % + countries ,
where poverty is a strong un- Figure 4.2 Burden of disease attributable to
childhood and maternal undernutrition ( % DALYs in each subregion ) derlying
Figure 4.3 Burden of disease attributable to diet - related risk factors and physical
inactivity ( % DALYs in each subregion ) A. Blood pressure or Worldwide , high
blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths , about 13 % of the total .
Worldwide , it is esti( % DALYs in each subregion ) A.Tobacco mated that
tobacco causes about 8.8 % of deaths ( 4.9 million ) and 4.1 % of DALYS ( 59.1
million ) . The rapid evolution of the tobacco epidemic is illustrated by comparing
Figure 4.7 Burden of disease attributable to selected environmental risk factors (
% DALYs in each subregion ) A.Unsafe water oobbbbb pollution . The analyses
based on particulate matter estimate that ambient air pollution causes about 5 ...
This is seen in the estimated tens of millions of Figure 4.13 Attributable DALYs in
2000 and avoidable DALYs in 2010 and 2020 following a 25 % risk factor
reduction from 2000 , for 10 leading selected risk factors 5 in 2010 in 2020 2