The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 1-5 of 7
... sex and mortality stratum in WHO Regions , estimates for 2001 186 Annex
Table 3 Burden of disease in DALYs by cause , sex and mortality stratum in WHO
Regions , estimates for 2001 192 Annex Table 4 Healthy life expectancy ( HALE )
10 Attributable DALYs by risk factor , level of development and sex , 2000 Table 4
. 11 Ranking of estimated attributable and avoidable burdens of 10 leading
selected risk factors Table 5 . 1 Leading 10 selected risk factors as percentage ...
The principal metric used in this report is the DALY ( disability - adjusted life year
) – one DALY being equal to the loss of one healthy life year ( 13 ) . A key initial
question when assessing the impact of a risk to health is to ask " compared to ...
Figure 4 . 3 Burden of disease attributable to diet - related risk factors and
physical inactivity ( % DALYs in each subregion ) A . Blood pressure Worldwide ,
high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7 . 1 million deaths , about 13 % of the
Worldwide , it is esti( % DALYs in each subregion ) A . Tobacco mated that
tobacco causes about 8 . 8 % of deaths ( 4 . 9 million ) and 4 . 1 % of DALYS ( 59
. 1 million ) . The rapid evolution of the tobacco epidemic is illustrated by