The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
AFR-D AFR-E air pollution alcohol analysis Annex Table attributable burden avoidable burden behaviours benefits blood pressure body mass index burden of disease cancer cardiovascular disease causes CFGM childhood cholesterol coronary heart disease cost-effective coverage deaths developing countries diarrhoea disease burden EDS+STI environmental estimates EUR-C evaluated example expenditure on health exposure groups health risks healthy life expectancy High child HIV/AIDS impact improve increase individuals Indoor smoke infections Iron deficiency ischaemic heart disease levels Low child major risks Males Females mass media million DALYs Mortality stratum nutrition ORT and CM physical inactivity population health population-wide prevalence prevention public health respiratory risk assessment risk factors risk perceptions risks to health sanitation and hygiene SEAR-D selected risk sexual smoke from solid strategies subregions tion tobacco uncertainty undernutrition Underweight unsafe sex Unsafe water vegetable intake Vitamin A deficiency World Health Organization WPR-B zinc