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standard, and is lending a hand in the broad general movement for agricultural efficiency, with special reference, of course, to barley and hops. Realizing that the beer business grows much faster than the population, and that within the next decade it is possible that the beer sales of the United States will reach one hundred million barrels annually, the Committee is looking ahead so that the future may be provided for.
A PROHIBITION INDUSTRY.
"Moonshining" and "boot-legging" continue without sign of abatement, declares Royal E. Cabell, late Commissioner of Internal Revenue, in his annual report for 1912.
During the fiscal year 1912, 2,465 illicit distilling plants were seized, about the same number as the previous year, and the Commissioner admits that the Government did not get all of the violators of the law.
"Illicit distilling is most prevalent," says the Commissioner, "in the States of Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia."
The Commissioner emphasizes the fact that illicit distilleries thrive chiefly in those sections of the country where local or State prohibitory laws are supposed to obtain. "Prohibition laws have a considerable effect in eliminating the consumption of the milder alcoholic beverages such as wine, beer, etc., but, so far as the records of this office go, they have little effect on the appetite of the community in which they obtain; and distilled spirits, being in a more concentrated form and not being affected by the factors that render impracticable the handling of alcohol in its more bulky forms, naturally are most used in such territory. The tax on distilled spirits is higher in proportion than on other alcoholic beverages, which in large part accounts for the increase in revenue, even though large extents of territory are supposed to be ‘dry.""
In this connection we may point out that Booker T. Washington, writing in the Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, of September, 1912, on "Negro Crime and Strong Drink," analyzes the replies he received from the sheriffs of the different counties in Alabama and Georgia in answer to his inquiries as to the relation between crime and drink among the Negro race. The rural districts report that crime has increased
under prohibition, because of "boot-legging," etc., whereas the city districts maintain about the same ratio under prohibition as under license. Crime among negroes when related to drink is, in the opinion of Mr. Washington, due entirely to the use of the stronger stimulants.
GERMANY UPHOLDS BREWING.
Dr. Wilhelm Windisch, chief of the brewing faculty of the German Institute of Fermentation, and personal representative of Emperor Wilhelm II at the recent International Chemical Congress, attended the 52nd Annual Convention of the United States Brewers' Association at Boston. It is apparent that Germany is sufficiently interested in our brewing industry to send a special representative to study our conditions.
The International (New York) points out that if the argument that the consumption of beer was debilitating had any truth in it, the German Government, which needs strong young men to as great a degree as any other nation, would be the first to take steps to suppress it. On the contrary, the German Government takes an active part in promoting the use of beer by establishing schools for the scientific study of the brewing industry.
In Germany, where all the people, from time immemorial, have been temperate drinkers of light, wholesome beers, which like our American beers, contain but a very small percentage of alcohol, there is infinitely less drunkenness than in Maine and Kansas, our two most distinguished prohibition States. There is less crime and disorder due to drink in Germany, France or Italy, where the people are temperate, and where everybody drinks the real temperance drinks, than in any of our Southern States devoted to prohibition. Prohibition in Germany would mean driving out harmless beers, which do not lead to intoxication. But prohibition would not stop men from drinking. It would compel them to give up beer, which cannot well be hidden, and replace it with various deadly decoctions.
In Bavaria, where the annual per capita consumption of beer is about fifty-nine gallons, alcoholism is practically unknown, and the abuse of alcohol is to be found only in those districts where wine and malt liquors are not readily obtainable.
A WORTHY CAUSE.
The Playground and Recreation Association of America appeals to us for our interest and co-operation in the following terms:
"The work which your Association is doing in helping to educate farmers and to improve agricultural conditions, seems to fit in exactly with one of the purposes-and achievements of the Recreation Association, which is to organize and make more attractive and wholesome the life of the rural communities. Through the improvement of dance halls, through the use of public schools as social centers, through the leadership and influence of competent play leaders (of whom over 4,000 are now employed in the playgrounds of 411 cities) this modern Play movement is bringing 'life more abundant' to the children, and also to the older people of America.
"Every $100 contributed to the National Association brings about $25,000 to the young people of America through local playgrounds, for our field secretaries and committees are able to promote, safeguard and strengthen the tremendous recreation movement already developed in 411 cities, with 30 or 40 other cities joining yearly and about $100,000,000 already expended-mainly since 1900."
We believe this is a movement that will appeal naturally to the members of the brewing industry, and we trust that they will give it their support, particularly in their own communities.
PROSPERITY AND DRINK.
The last issue of the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society of England has an article by Augustus D. Webb on the "Consumption of Alcoholic Liquors in the United Kingdom," in which it is shown that the consumption of beer and spirits is now beginning to increase again.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer in commenting upon the increase of the consumption of alcoholic liquors, during the financial year 1911-12, associated it partly with the exceptionally hot summer, and partly with the improved spending power of the working classes. However, he estimated that there would be a continuance of the upward movement in the present financial year. This expectation has already been realized.
The article is illustrated by interesting diagrams which indicate the trend of consumption since 1860. The author shows the correlation between the fluctuations of wages and the consumption
of alcoholic liquors, and concludes that with the present upward trend of wages, the consumption of alcoholic liquors will steadily increase.
The Free Seat in the United States Brewers' Academy (Anton Schwartz, founder) for the term 1913-1914, has been awarded to Mr. Thomas F. Healey, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
With the extension of our activities it was found necessary to move to more commodious quarters, both for our own work and for the convenience of the constantly increasing number of students who desire to avail themselves of our library and information department.
The members of the brewing industry are invited to visit our office, 50 Union Square, New York, and make it their headquarters when they are in New York, whether they are members of the Association or not.
JACOB RUPPERT, JR.,
President and Chairman Board of Trustees
EDWARD A. SCHMIDT, Second Vice-President
ANTON C. G. HUPFEL, Treasurer
HUGH F. Fox, Secretary
AUGUST GOEBEL, Jr.
RUDOLPH J. SCHAEFER
J. C. WIEGAND
STEPHEN B. FLEMING
THE PRESIDENT:-Gentlemen, you have heard the report of the Board of Trustees; what is your pleasureç
MR. NACHOD:-I move that it be adopted.
The motion was duly seconded and unanimously carried.
THE PRESIDENT:-The next in order is the report of the Advisory Committee, Mr. Nicholson, Chairman.
The Secretary thereupon presented a summary of the following report:
REPORT OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
GENTLEMEN: For the past year or more our members have kept us constantly busy in regard to their labels. We have had several hundred labels submitted to us for an opinion as to whether they are strictly in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Food and Drugs Act. By arrangement with Dr. Carl L. Alsberg, the Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, who is charged with the enforcement of the Act, all questions of doubt were submitted for his opinion, and he has considered each case with thoughtful care, and given us his opinion promptly. We have fully advised our members, by circular, of the attitude of the Board of Food and Drug Inspection on all matters that relate to the brewing industry, and especially of the policy outlined by Dr. Carl L. Alsberg as to labels. Our circular of March 14th, 1913, regarding Beer Labels, was sent out with Dr. Alsberg's official approval.
When it is remembered that the Food and Drugs Act only covers inter-State shipments, the willingness of brewers generally to conform to the spirit, as well as to the letter of the Act, is most encouraging. It is, however, not surprising when we recall the very active part that this Association played in securing the passage the National Pure Food Law. The Association not only sent delegates to the Pure Food Congress, but assisted the movement financially a number of times in the most generous manner. It was hoped that with the passage of the Federal Law, conflicting State Legislation would soon cease, and there would be only one standard. Unfortunately, the Board of Food and Drug Inspection appears to have no authority to establish standards, and can only prosecute cases of misrepresentation or fraud that are covered by inter-State shipments. At the same time, the movement itself for the protection of the individual consumer has become general throughout the United States, with the result that the various State