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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON ED"CATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 585, S. 635, S. 1140, S. 1232, and S. 1241

BILLS TO PROVIDE FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FOR HIGHER

EDUCATION

AUGUST 17, 18, AND 21, 1961

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

US. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1961

74150

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

LISTER HILL, Alabama, Chairman PAT MCNAMARA, Michigan

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey RALPH YARBOROUGH, Texas

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania

WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JOIN G. TOWER, Texas HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota BENJAMIN A. SMITH II, Massachusetts CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

STEWART E. MCCLURE, Chief Clerk

JOHN S, FORSYTHE, General Counsel
MICHAEL J. BERNSTEIN, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

WAYNE MORSE, Oregon, Chairman LISTER HILL, Alabama

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey PAT MCNAMARA, Michigan

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York RALPH YARBOROUGH, Texas

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona
JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia

CHARLES LEE, Professional Staff Member
RAYMOND D. HURLEY, Minority Professional Staff Member

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CONTENTS

Text of —

S. 585..

S. 635.

S. 1140.

S. 1232

S. 1241

Report from the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

August 17, 1961

Ribicoff, Hon. Abraham, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare;

accompanied by Wilbur J. Cohen, Assistant Secretary (for Legislation)

of Health, Education, and Welfare; Sterling M. McMurrin, Commis-

sioner, Office of Education; and Ralph C. Flynt, Assistant Commis-

sioner and Director, Legislation and Program Development Branch,

Office of Education.-

Miller, Hon. Jack, U.S. Senator from the State of Iowa..

Waterman, Alan T., Director, National Science Foundation; accompanied

by William J. Hoff, General Counsel; and Bowen C. Dees, Assistant

Director for Scientific Personnel and Education...

AUGUST 18, 1961

Boehm, Charles H., superintendent of public instruction, Commonwealth

of Pennsylvania.

Case, Everett, president, Colgate University; accompanied by Logan Wil-

son, president, American Council on Education; and Charles G. Dob-

bins, staff associate, American Council on Education; and secretary,

Committee on Relationships of Higher Education to the Federal Gov-

ern nent.

Millett, John D., president, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Case, Hon. Clifford P., U.S. Senator from the State of New Jersey-

Russell, May, president, St. Mary's Junior College, Md...

Robbins, Paul H., executive director, National Society of Professional

Engineers.-

August 21, 1961

Weber, Gustave W., president, Susquehanna University -

Clough, John H., Jr., executive director, Commission on Higher Educa-

tion, Philadelphia, Pa..

Low, Edmon, director of libraries, Oklahoma State University; accom-

panied by: Germaine Krettek, director, Washington office American

Library Association --

Malin, Patrick Murphy, executive director, American Civil Liberties

Union...

White, Don, executive vice-president, National Audio-Visual Association.

Burkhardt, Frederick, president, American Council of Learned Societies;

accompanied by Charles Blitzer, executive associate, American Council

of Learned Societies..

Roberts, Eunice C., immediate past chairman, Higher Education Commit-

tee, American Association of University Women..

Page

American Civil Liberties Union, prepared statements on S. 585 and S. 1241. 425

American Jewish Committee on Aid to Higher Education, prepared state-

ment..

553

American Nurses Association, prepared statement.--

556

Association for Higher Education, supplemental statement by G. Kerry

Smith, executive-secretary

290

Board of trustees, Beloit College, Beloit, Wis., prepared statement.-

591

Boehm, Charles H., superintendent of public instruction, Commonwealth

of Pennsylvania -

261

Burkhardt, Frederick, president, American Council of Learned Societies;

accompanied by Charles Blitzer, executive associate, American Council
of Learned Societies.-

431

Prepared statement.

441

Case, Hon. Clifford P., U.S. Senator from the State of New Jersey --- 308

Case, Everett, president, Colgate University; accompanied by Logan

Wilson, president, American Council on Education, and Charles G.

Dobbins, staff associate, American Council on Education and secretary

Committee on Relationships of Higher Education to the Federal

Government...

271

Prepared statement..

286

Chamber of Commerce of the United States, prepared statement.--

548

Clayman, Jacob, administrative director, Industrial Union Department,
AFL-ĆIO, prepared statement..

551

Clough, John H., Jr., executive director, Commission on Higher Education,

Philadelphia, Pa.

386

Ellis, Calvert N., president, Juniata College, prepared statement..

291

Fuller, Dr. Edgar, executive secretary, Council of Chief State School

Officers, prepared statement.-,

559

General Federation of Women's Clubs, prepared statement..

557

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., a Senator from the State of Minnesota.

26

Lawrence, Hon. David L., Governor of Pennsylvania, prepared statement- 262
Lord, Dr. Clifford L., dean, School of General Studies, Columbia Uni-
versity

703

Low, Edmon, director of libraries, Oklahoma State University; accompa-

nied by Germaine Krettek, director, Washington office, American

Library Association...

413

Prepared statement..

417

Lowell, C. Stanley, associate director of Protestants and Other Americans
United for Separation of Church and State, prepared statement...

620

Malin, Patrick Murphy, executive director, American Civil Liberties

Union.

420

Miller, Hon. Jack, U.S. Senator from the State of Iowa..

173
Millett, John D., president, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

294

Prepared statement..

304

National Association of Manufacturers, prepared statement..

609

National Society of Professional Engineers, prepared statement.

378
Philadelphia Commission on Higher Education, prepared statement.

390
Ribicoff, Hon. Abraham, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare;
accompanied by Wilbur J. Cohen, Assistant Secretary (for Legislation)
of Health, Education, and Welfare; Sterling M. McMurrin, Commis-
sioner, Office of Education; and Ralph C. Flynt, Assistant Commis-
sioner and Director, Legislation and Program Development Branch,

Office of Education..

38

Robbins, Paul H., executive director, National Society of Professional

Engineers...

373

Supplemental statement.

378

Roberts, Eunice C., immediate past chairman, Higher Education Com-

mittee, American Association of University Women

444

Prepared statement.

539

Supplemental statements.

452, 538

Russell, May, president, St. Mary's Junior College, Md.

312

Prepared statement.

317

Van Houten, Robert W., president, American Society for Engineering

Education, prepared statement..

602
Page

603

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699

690

29

Waterman, Alan T., Director, National Science Foundation; accompanied

by William J. Hoff, General Counsel: and Bowen C. Dees, Assistant

Director for Scientific Personnel and Education.

Prepared statement-

Weber, Gustave W., president, Susquehanna University -

Prepared statement..

White, Don, executive vice president, National Audio-Visual Association..

Prepared statement...

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Articles entitled-

College Cost $485 in 1878, $3,665 Now," by Terry Ferrer, New

York Herald Tribune News Service, from the Washington Post of

June 11, 1961..

Community Campuses of State Universities,” by Christian K.

Arnold, assistant to the president, Pennsylvania State University.---

“Education in Red China,” by William Benton, publisher of the

Encyclopedia Brittannica and former Senator from the State of

Connecticut.

"Federal Financial Assistance to Expand Opportunities for Higher Ed-

ucation," from the Morse-Goldwater report on Federal aid to educa-

tion.

"Financial Problems of Universities,” by Carroll V. Newsom, presi-

dent, New York University, from School and Society, March 12,

1960..
"Forty Years of U.S. Collegiate Enrollments: 1919-20 to 1959-60," by

Raymond Salters, president emeritus, University of Cincinnati, from
School and Society, February 27, 1960.-

“Higher Education Is a National Problem,” by Senator Clark of

Pennsylvania in the Saturday Review of February 18, 1961..-

“Higher Education Staffing,'' a 10-year objective in education, higher

education staffing, and physical facilities, 1960-61 through 1969–70.

“National Merit Scholarship Competition, 1960," from annual

report, 1960, National Merit Scholarship Corp--

"SR Is Wrong About Federal Aid," by Senator Goldwater, of Arizona,

in the Saturday Review of March 18, 1961.-

"Soviet's New School Program—20-Year Plan To Serve Communist

Aims Expected To Be Little Read in the United States,” by Ralph

McGill in the Washington Evening Star of August 8, 1961..

“Where the Loss of Talent Occurs and Why,” by Donald S. Bridgman,

published by the College Board, 1960...

Brochure entitled "National Science Foundation Programs for Education

in the Sciences".

Excerpts from source materials relating to college enrollment prepared by

the Office of Education --

Indiana plan for higher education.--
Letters from-

Bell, Mrs. Alison, legislative program associate, American Association

of University Women, to Senator Morse dated August 21, 1961..
Donahue, Charles, Solicitor of Labor, to Senator Morse, dated April

10, 1961.
Gladfelter, Millard E., chairman, Commission on Higher Education,

Philadelphia, Pa., to Hon. Richardson Dillworth, mayor, Phila-
delphia, dated June 22, 1961, containing report.
Hill, Alfred T., executive secretary, Council for the Advancement of

Small Colleges, to Senator Morse, dated August 24, 1961.

Hochwalt, Rt. Rev. Msgr. F. G., director, Department of Education,

National Catholic Welfare Conference, to Senator Morse, dated

August 24, 1961.

John, James M., chairman, Eastern Shore of Viriginia College Com-

mittee, Onley, Va., to Senator Morse, dated February 22, 1961...
Jones, Maurice, Jr., chairman, State Scholarship Commission,

Sacramento, Calif., to Senator Hill, dated May 2, 1961.
Krettek, Germaine, director, American Library Association Wash-

ington office, to Senator Morse, dated August 21, 1961.

645

447

441

597

394

599

598

590

419

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