Economic Sanctions and U.S. Policy Interests: Hearing Before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, June 3, 1998, Volume 4

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Page 162 - Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 2 No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Page 145 - If It Were Done, When Tis Done, Then Twere Well It Were Done Quickly. " A heavy, slow hand invites both evasion and the mobilization of domestic opinion in the target country. Sanctions imposed slowly or incrementally may simply strengthen the target government at home as it marshals the forces of nationalism.
Page 137 - would complicate any attempt to return them to their original owners". (8) The international judicial system, as currently structured, lacks fully effective remedies for the wrongful confiscation of property and for unjust enrichment from the use of wrongfully confiscated property by governments and private entities at the expense of the rightful owners of the property. (9) International law recognizes that a nation has the ability to provide for rules of law with respect to conduct outside its territory...
Page 164 - to deny Iran the ability to support acts of international terrorism and to fund the development and acquisition of weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them by limiting the development of Iran's ability to explore for, extract, refine, or transport by pipeline petroleum resources of Iran"?
Page 141 - July 31, 1994, subsequently authorized the use of "all necessary means" to restore the "democratically elected government of Haiti", and the democratically elected government of Haiti was restored to power on October 15, 1994. (27) The Cuban people deserve to be assisted in a decisive manner to end the tyranny that has oppressed them for 36 years, and the continued failure to do so constitutes ethically improper conduct by the international community.
Page 141 - Nations has determined that massive and systematic violations of human rights may constitute a "threat to peace" under Article 39 and has imposed sanctions due to such violations of human rights in the cases of Rhodesia, South Africa, Iraq, and the former Yugoslavia. (25) In the case of Haiti, a neighbor of Cuba not as close to the United States as Cuba, the United States led an effort to obtain and did obtain a United Nations Security Council embargo and blockade against that country due to the...
Page 78 - ... values. Just to conclude, I think our country clearly faces many challenges in foreign policy. We are the leader of the world's democracies and we must be willing to act alone, if need be. On Tuesday, Under Secretary of State Eizenstat, in his testimony, said the following in his written testimony, "We cannot permit other countries to veto our use of sanctions by their failure to act.
Page 142 - Congress that — (1) the acts of the Castro government, including its massive, systematic, and extraordinary violations of human rights, are a threat to international peace; (2) the President should advocate, and should instruct the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations to propose and seek within the Security Council, a mandatory international embargo against the totalitarian Cuban Government pursuant to chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, employing efforts similar...
Page 17 - And I look forward to taking your questions. [The prepared statement of Dr.
Page 164 - A straight line links Iran's oil income and its ability to sponsor terrorism, build weapons of mass destruction, and acquire sophisticated armaments.

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