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CONTENTS

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Testimony of-

Brigham, Harold F., president, public libraries division, American

Library Association...

Campbell, Wallace J., director, Washington office, Cooperative

League of the U. S. A.
Chase, Virginia, president, division of libraries for children and young

people, American Library Association.--

Clapp, Verner W., Acting Librarian, Library of Congress
Davis, Ann, Oakton, Va--.
Dawson, Dr. Howard A., director of rural service, National Educa-

tion Association --

Ditman, Helen C., president, board of trustees, Prince Georges County

Memorial Library, Hyattsville, Md..

Elliott, Hon. Carl, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Alabama

Farrell, Sallie, field representative, Louisiana State Library, Baton

Rouge, La

Fuller, Dr. Edgar, executive secretary, National Council of Chief State

School Officers

Hess, Dale, Fallston, Harford County, Md.
Hill, Hon. Lister, a United States Senator from the State of Alabama-
McCarthy, Hon. Eugene J., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Minnesota
McDonald, Angus, assistant national representative, National Farm-

ers' Union..
McGrath, Earl J., Commissioner; and Ralph M. Dunbar, Chief,

Service to Libraries Section, Office of Education -

Mohrhardt, Charles M., associate director, Detroit Public Library,

Detroit, Mich..

Sanders, Dr. J. T., the National Grange

Estimated farm operators’ labor earnings and income necessary

to yield industrial wage parity to operators, 1920–51.--
Net labor and management income of American farm operators

compared with annual industrial wage earnings-
Wilson, Dr. M. L., Director, Extension Service, Department of Agri-

culture..

H. R. 5195, a bill to promote the further development of public library

service in rural areas.

Letters submitted for the record by-

Alvarez, Robert S., president, Tennessee Library Association..

Asplund, Julia Brown, chairman, New Mexico State Library Com-

mission.

Book, William H., representing Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce-
Botsford, Walter s., secretary, Wisconsin State Free Library Com-

mission.

Brahm, Walter, State librarian, Ohio State Library -

Cooper, Elizabeth C., secretary to the commission, Oklahoma State

Library Commission

Eley, Mrs. Eunice, director, Mississippi State Library Commission.-
Ellsworth, Ralph E., director of libraries, State University of Iowa,

Iowa City, Iowa..

Galick, Mrs. George J., library adviser, State Government of Massa-

chusetts

Gscheidle, Gertrude E., president, Illinois Library Association-
Houghton, Arthur A., Jr., New York City -

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Letters submitted for the record by-Continued

List of citizens and organizations endorsing the provisions of library

services bill...

Oboler, Eli M., president, Idaho State Library Association, Pocatello,

Idaho.

Porro, Thomas J., president, board of trustees, Tacoma Public

Library, Tacoma, Wash..

Porter, Frances Jane, director, library extension service, Frank-

fort, Ky-
Price, Paxton P., State librarian, Missouri State Library --
Schunk, Russell J., director, library division, department of educa-

tion, State of Minnesota
Stephens, Eleanor, librarian, Oregon State Library

Torgrimson, Ellen, secretary, Montana Library Commission..

Statement, prepared, of,

Baily, Harold J., New York, N. Y..

Burnside, Hon. M. G., a Representative in Congress from the State

of West Virginia -

Clark, Helen M., director, division of library extension, Maryland

State Department of Education, Baltimore, Md..

Colorado State Library-

Collins, M. D., State Šuperintendent of Schools, Atlanta, Ga..

Deane, Hon. Charles B., a Representative in Congress from the State

of North Carolina..

Dodd, Dorothy, Secretary, Florida State Library Board, and State

librarian, Tallahassee, Fla..

Fyan, Loleta D., in behalf of Michigan State Library.

General Federation of Women's Clubs, by Mrs. Clarence D. Wright,

legislative chairman -

Guernsey, George T., in behalf of CIO.

Hamilton, Frances, in behalf of Association for Childhood Education

International..

Hubbard, C. S., director, Division of Instructional Materials and

Library Service, State of Georgia -

Keeble, Helen, president, Virginia Library Association, Richmond, Va-

Louisiana's library needs for Federal funds_

North Carolina Library Commission, Raleigh, N. C..

Parks, Dora Ruth, executive secretary, West Virginia Library Com-

mission, Morgantown, W. Va.

Patton, James G., president of the National Farmers Union.

Resolution of the Franklin County (Ohio) Library Association --

Reynolds, Maryan E., State librarian, Washington State Library,

Olympia, Wash

Riley, George D., member, national legislative committee, American

Federation of Labor..
Smith, Blanche A., librarian, State Traveling Library, Des Moines,

Iowa.
South Carolina State Library Board, Columbia, S. C.--
Warren, Constance, chairman of the National Education Committee

of the American Association of University Women..

Wilson, Rufus H., acting legislative director of AMVETS.

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LIBRARY SERVICE IN RURAL AREAS

TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 1952

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE
ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 9:30 a. m., pursuant to call, in room 226, House Office Building, Hon. Boyd Tackett (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Tackett, Howell, Greenwood, and Potter.

Also present: Fred G. Hussey, chief clerk; John S. Forsythe, general counsel; and Russell C. Derrickson, investigator; all of the Committee on Education and Labor. Mr. TACKETT. The committee will be in order. There will be other

. members of the committee here in a few minutes, but in order to save time we will

go

ahead. The hearing is on H. R. 5195, a bill to promote the further development of public library service in rural areas, which will be made a part of the record at this point.

(H. R. 5195 is as follows:)

(H. R. 5195, 82d Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To promote the further development of public library service in rural areas Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Library Services Act."

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SEC. 2. (a) It is the purpose of this Act to promote the further extension by the several States of public library services to rural areas without such services or with inadequate services.

(b) The provisions of this Act shall not be so construed as to interfere with State and local initiative and responsibility in the conduct of public library services. The administration of public libraries, the selection of personnel and library books and materials, and, insofar as consistent with the purposes of this Act, the determination of the best uses of the funds provided under this Act shall be reserved to the States and their local subdivisions.

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 3. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1952, and for each of the four succeeding fiscal years the sum of $7,500,000 which shall be used for making payments to States which have submitted and had approved by the Commissioner of Education (hereinafter referred to as the Commissioner) Štate plans for the further extension of public library services to rural areas without such services, or with inadequate services.

ALLOTMENTS TO STATES

SEC. 4. (a) From the sums appropriated pursuant to section 3 for each fiscal year, the Commissioner shall allot $10,000 to the Virgin Islands and $40,000 to each of the other States, and shall allot to each State such part of the remainder

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of such sums as the rural population of the State bears to the rural population of the United States, according to the most recent decennial census.

(b) The amount of any allotment to a State under subsection (a) for any fiscal year remaining unpaid to such State at the end of such fiscal year shall be available for payment to such State under section 6 until the end of the succeeding fiscal year. No payment to a State under section 6 shall be made out of its allotment for any fiscal year until its allotment for the preceding fiscal year has been exhausted or has ceased to be available.

STATE PLANS

Sec. 5. (a) To be approved under this section, a State plan for the further extension of public library services to rural areas must

(1) provide for the administration, or supervision of the administration, of the plan by the State library administrative agency, and provide that such agency will have adequate authority under State law to administer the plan in accordance with its provisions and the provisions of this Act;

(2) provide for the receipt by the State treasurer (or, if there be no State treasurer, the officer exercising similar functions for the State) of all funds paid to the State pursuant to this Act and for the proper safeguarding of such funds by such officer, provide that such funds shall be expended solely for the purposes for which paid, and provide for the repayment by the State to the United States of any such funds lost or diverted from the purposes for which paid;

(3) provide policies and methods of administration to be followed in using any funds made available for expenditure under the State plan, which policies ana methods the State library administrative agency certifies will in its judgment assure use of such funds to maximum advantage in the further extension of public library services to rural areas without such services or with inadequate services;

(4) provide that the State library administrative agency will make such reports, in such form and containing such information as the Commissioner may from time to time reasonably require; and

(5) provide that any library services furnished under the plan shall be made available free of charge under regulations prescribed by the State library

administrative agency. (b) The Commissioner shall approve any plan which fulfills the conditions specified in subsection (a) of this section.

PAYMENTS TO STATES

SEC. 6. (a) From the allotments available therefor under section 4, the Secretary of the Treasury shall from time to time pay to each State which has a plan approved under section 5 an amount computed as provided in subsection (b) of this section, equal to the Federal share of the total sums expended by the State and its political subdivisions under such plan during the period for which such payment was made, except that no payments shall be made to any State from its allotment for any fiscal year unless and until the Commissioner finds that (1) there will be available for expenditure under the plan from State or local sources during the fiscal year for which the allotment is made (A) sums sufficient to enable the State to receive under this section payments in an amount not less than $10,000 in the case of the Virgin Islands and $10,000 in the case of any other State, and (B) not less than the total amount actually expended, in the areas covered by the plan for such year, for public library services from such sources in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1951, and (2) there will be available for expenditure for public library services from State sources during the fiscal year for which the allotment is made not less than the total amount actually expended for public library services from such sources in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1951.

(b) The Commissioner shall from time to time, but not less often than semiannually, and prior to the period for which a payment is to be made, estimate the amount, within the balance of the allotments for each State, which may be necessary to pay the Federal share of the total expenditures for carrying out the approved State plan for such period. The Commissioner shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury the amount so determined, reduced or increased as the case may be by the amount by which he finds that his estimate for any prior period was greater or less than the amount which should have been paid to the State for such period. The Secretary of the Treasury shall thereupon, prior to

audit or settlement by the General Accounting Office, pay to the State, at the time or times fixed by the Commissioner, the amount so certified.

(c) For the purposes of this section the “Federal share" for any State shall be 100 per centum less the State percentage and the State percentage shall be that percentage which bears the same ratio to 50 per centum as the per capita income of such State bears to the per capita income of the continental United States (excluding Alaska), except that (1) the Federal share shall in no case be more than 66 per centum or less than 33 per centum, and (2) the Federal share for Hawaii shall be 50 per centum and for Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands shall be 66 per centum.

(d) The Federal share" for each State shall be promulgated by the Commissioner between July 1 and August 31 of each even-numbered year, on the basis of the average of the per capita incomes of the States and of the continental United States (excluding Alaska) for the three most recent consecutive years for which satisfactory data are available from the Department of Commerce. Such promulgation shall be conclusive for each of the two fiscal years in the period beginning July 1 next succeeding such promulgation: Provided, That the Commissioner shall promulgate such percentages as soon as possible after the enactment of this Act to be effective until July 1, 1952.

(e) No portion of any money paid to a State under this Act shall be applied, directly or indirectly, to the purchase or erection of any building or buildings, or for the purchase of any land.

WITHHOLDING

Sec. 7. If the Commissioner finds after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to the State agency administering or supervising the administration of the State plan approved under this Act, that the State plan has been so changed that it no longer complies with the requirements of this Act or that in the administration of the plan there is a failure to comply substantially with the provisions required to be included in the plan, he shall notify such State agency that further payments will not be made to the State under this Act until he is satisfied that there is no longer any such failure to comply. Until he is so satisfied, he shall make no further certification to the Secretary of the Treasury with respect to such State.

ADMINISTRATION SEC. 8. (a) The Commissioner shall administer this Act under the supervision and direction of the Federal Security Administrator, and shall, with the approval of the Administrator, prescribe such regulations as may be necessary for the administration of this Act.

(b) The Commissioner is also authorized to make such studies, investigations, and reports as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act, including periodic reports for public distribution as to the values, methods, and results of various State demonstrations of public library services in rural areas undertaken under this Act.

(c) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for expenses of administration such sums as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Administrator and the Commissioner under this Act.

DEFINITIONS

Sec. 9. For purposes of this Act

(a) The term "State” means a State, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands;

(b) The term "State library administrative agency” means the official State agency charged by State law with the extension and development of public library services, throughout the State;

(c) The term “public library” means a library that serves free all residents of a com inity, district, or region, and receives its financial support in whole or in part from public funds;

(d) The term “Administrator" means the Federal Security Administrator; and

(e) The term "inadequate library service” shall be defined by the State library administrative agency.

The determination whether library services are inadequate shall be made by the State library agency.

Mr. TACKETT. Because of the anxiety to cover as much of this today as possible, we will do away with the preliminaries, and first we will hear from Dr. McGrath of the Office of Education.

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