Turning Up the Heat: How Global Warming Threatens Life in the Sea
Discusses current predictions of global climate change & synthesizes scientific evidence of the likely impacts of global climate change on some species & ecosystems. Chapters: global climate change & the oceans: sea level rise, wind patterns, deep-ocean circulation patterns, ocean stratification & primary productivity, & natural climate variability; lessons from El Nino & decadal variation; evidence of impacts on marine life: impacts in polar regions, coral reefs, shifts in species' distribution & the fate of Pacific Salmon, seabirds & marine mammals, & disease & harmful algal blooms; conclusion; & literature cited.
abundance Ainley Alaska algal blooms Antarctic Arctic areas Atlantic atmosphere Bering Sea biodiversity biological birds California Current carbon Cassin's auklets caused climate models coast coastal coccolithophores coral bleaching coral reefs crease decline decrease die-offs diseases effects environmental fish fisheries food web Fraser global change global climate change global temperatures Global Warming Threatens Glynn habitat Hadley Centre harmful algal blooms Heat How Global higher impacts intertidal invertebrates IPCC ISRS Kruse marine ecosystems marine mammals marine species mass mortalities mate change McGowan melting murres Niņo events NOAA numbers nutrients occur ocean Pacific Salmon Pacific Seabird Group perature phytoplankton populations Press prey primary productivity rates recent reduced regions scientists sea ice sea level rise sea surface temperatures sea temperatures Seabird Group conference seabirds and marine seals shift sockeye Stirling stress surface waters tempera temperature increases thermohaline circulation tion toxic trend tropics tures Turning upwelling warm water warmer water temperatures zooplankton
Page 11 - Nevertheless, the balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on global climate.
Page 36 - STEVF.NINCK. 1984. Densities of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum before and after mass mortalities on the coral reefs of Curacao. Mar.
Page 38 - J. (1998). The relationship between increasing sea-surface temperature and the northward spread of Perkinsus marinus (Dermo) disease epizootics in oysters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 46, 587-97.
Page 22 - Satellite, operated and controlled by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the US Department of Commerce, a satellite environmental data collection capability will become available to meet national requirements.
Page 38 - Simulated sea level change alters anatomy, physiology, growth, and reproduction of red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle L.). Oecologia...
Page 41 - W. Abdalati, E. Frederick, S. Manizade, C. Martin. J. Sonntag, R. Swift, R. Thomas, W. Wright, and J. Yungel (2000). Greenland Ice Sheet: High-elevation balance and peripheral thinning.
Page 36 - FP (1996). Primary productivity and its regulation in the equatorial Pacific during and following the 1991-1992 El-Nino, Deep-Sea Res.
Page 45 - Released by the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, US Department of State, March 5, 1999.
Page 35 - ... [t]here is no known geologic precedent for the transfer of carbon from the Earth's crust to atmospheric carbon dioxide, in quantities comparable to the burning of fossil fuels, without simultaneous changes in other parts of the carbon cycle and climate system. This close coupling between atmospheric carbon dioxide and climate suggests that a change in one would in all likelihood be accompanied by a change in the other.