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20. Fox and Wisconsin rivers, Wisconsin.-The works for the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers were purchased by the United States from the Green Bay and Mississippi Canal Company in 1872. With the exception of one stone lock they were all temporary structures and were in bad condition. There was no low-water navigation on the Upper Fox, and on the Lower Fox navigation was uncertain.
The adopted project for the improvement of the Fox River contemplated the replacing of the temporary structures with permanent works, the construction of five additional stone locks on the upper river, and widening and deepening the channels throughout the river and canals to 6 feet depth and 100 feet width.
The method adopted for the Wisconsin River was to contract the channel way by stone and brush wing dams, in order to give increased depth by concentration and scour.
The estimate for both rivers, made in 1874 and 1876, was $3,745,663. The general project of the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers was referred to the Board of Engineers, who, after systematic observations of the effect of the dams on the improved section of the Wisconsin River, submitted a report, contained in House Ex. Doc. No. 65, Forty-ninth Congress, second session, recommending that no further work be done on wing dams in the Wisconsin River with a view to improving its navigation.
The original project, therefore, as far as it relates to the Wisconsin River, has been abandoned, and the work confined to the Fox River, under the modified project of a Board of Engineers, submitted September 17, 1884, published in the Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers for 1885, approved by the Secretary of War, December 10, 1885, as further modified by authority of the Chief of Engineers, May 14, 1886.
The modified project applies only to the Fox River and its needs, and provides for the renovation of eleven old locks and the deepening and widening of the channel of the Fox River from Montello to Green Bay to 6 feet depth and 100 feet width, and that from Portage to Montello 4 feet of water at low water be maintained, the estimate for which was $602,000.
The amount expended on the Fox and Wisconsin rivers from 1867 up to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1890, including outstanding liabilities and $145,000 paid to the Green Bay and Mississippi Canal Company for works of improvement under act of June 10, 1872, was $2,942,752.18.
The result of this expenditure was:
On the Fox River. The construction of 14 new locks of stone; 17 dams, 4 of which are temporary; 12 cutoffs; 10 miles of canals dredged and deepened. Over 2,000,000 cubic yards of material were dredged from the Upper Fox, and all temporary structures repaired and maintained in working order.
Throughout the season of 1890 navigation was continuous with the exception of 17 days in July and August, when it was suspended through the fourth lock at Appleton in consequence of repairs necessitated by the carrying away of the upper gates by a steamer running into them.
Under the modified project there remains to be done 2,800,000 cubic yards of dredging and rock excavation, mainly on the Upper Fox.
On the Wisconsin River.-One hundred and eight thousand five hundred and twelve linear feet of wing dams had been constructed over a distance of 50 miles, of which a section 9.2 miles in length below Portage had been completed. The result was an increased depth of navi
gation wherever the works had been applied. On account of the shifting nature of the sand bars there was never any regular navigation on the river.
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, $39,059.54 has been expended and the following work done:
A head wall and feeder at the old first lock at Appleton, a wing dam of brush and stone as a shore protection to the Portage Levee, a new tugboat and 2 dump scows built, channels dredged at Grignon Rapids, mouth of the Fond du Lac River, and between De Pere and Green Bay.
July 1, 1890, balance unexpended...............
June 30, 1891, amount expended during fiscal year....
July 1, 1881, balance unexpended....
July 1, 1891, outstanding liabilities
July 1, 1891, balance available......
(Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project .... Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30,1893 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.
(See Appendix L L 20.)
$15, 556. 01 100,000.00
115, 556. 01 39, 059.54
76, 496. 47 2,990.52
346, 000, 00 200, 000. 00
21. Operating and care of locks and dams on Fox River, Wisconsin.Under the continuous appropriation for operating and care of canals and other works of navigation, it is proposed to maintain existing navigation by timely repairs to old locks until they are replaced by new, and to continue repairs of works that have already been completed and used, injured by floods or otherwise.
The amount expended under the indefinite appropriation provided by section 4 of the river and harbor act of July 5, 1884, up to the end of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1890, was $308,779.71.
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, $68,989 has been expended, the detailed statement appended to the report of the local engineer officer showing the items of expenditure.
June 30, 1891, amount expended during fiscal year.... $68,989.00 Amount (estimated) for expenditure in fiscal year ending June 30, 1892... 63, 998. 29 (See Appendix L L 21.)
IMPROVEMENT OF CHICAGO AND CALUMET HARBORS, ILLINOIS, OF
CALUMET RIVER, ILLINOIS AND INDIANA, AND OF ILLINOIS RIVER, ILLINOIS; ILLINOIS AND MISSISSIPPI CANAL.
Officer in charge, Capt. W. L. Marshall, Corps of Engineers; Division Engineer, Col. O. M. Poe, Corps of Engineers.
1. Chicago Harbor Illinois.-The present project was adopted in 1870 and modified in 1878, and contemplates:
a. The formation of an outer harbor or basin, by inclosing a portion of Lake Michigan just south of and adjoining the entrance to Chicago River, for the purpose of increasing the harbor facilities of Chicago.
b. The construction of an exterior breakwater in deep water north of the entrance to Chicago River and about 1 mile distant, to shelter the approach to the river and outer harbor entrance, and to form a harbor of refuge at the southern end of Lake Michigan.
There has been expended upon this project since 1870 $1,616,435.52, which expenditure has resulted
In the completion of the outer harbor, except 267,000 cubic yards of dredging, to attain 16 feet of water.at low water throughout the required basin.
In the completion of the exterior break water 5,413 feet in length; in keeping the entrance to Chicago Harbor dredged; in maintaining the various piers and breakwaters, and in maintaining in serviceable condition the plant pertaining to the work.
During the past fiscal year the work consisted in
a. Exterior breakwater.-In placing a heavy decking over about twothirds of the width of the exterior breakwater, composed mainly of material on hand suitable for no other purpose.
b. Outer Basin and North Pier, Chicago Harbor.-Under contract rebuilding superstructure over easterly break water, outer basin, and north pier, Chicago Harbor, was commenced, and at the close of the fiscal year about 1,700 linear feet of superstructure over easterly break. water, except decking and stone filling, had been completed. This work includes 749,240 feet B. M., pine timber, and 70,573 pounds iron drift bolts, placed in the work.
The superstructure over the southerly break water, outer basin, and for about 1,225 feet of south pier, entrance to Chicago River, now needs renewal, and there is 267,000 cubic yards of dredging needed to complete the outer basin.
The outer basin has never fulfilled the purposes of its construction on account of the litigation that has existed for many years as to the riparian ownership along the lake front, and the dredging in that basin may well be postponed until the lake front is in demand for harbor and dock purposes, when the material will be valuable for filling docks. July 1, 1890, balance unexpended ....... Amount deposited to credit of appropriation by Quartermater's Department (fuel account)..
Amount appropriated by act approved September 19, 1890
June 30, 1891, amount expended during fiscal year
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended............
July 1, 1891, outstanding liabilities..
July 1, 1891, amount covered by uncompleted contracts...
78, 335. 38
July 1, 1891, balance available
17,667.82 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project... 72,000.00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1893 72,000.00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.
(See Appendix M M 1.)
2. Calumet Harbor, Illinois.-This improvement is to furnish a safe and practicable entrance to Calumet River and the port of South Chicago, by parallel piers, 300 feet apart, extending from shore to deep water in the lake, and by dredging between them to 16 feet in depth at low water.
The work commenced in 1870, and at the close of the fiscal year 1891 there had been expended $411,457.46, as the result of which 3,640 linear feet of the North Pier and 2,020 linear feet of the South Pier have been completed and 413,434 cubic yards of material dredged, giving a channel 16 feet in depth instead of 7 feet, as originally existed.
During the past fiscal year under contract for dredging 29,088 cubic yards of material has been removed from the channel, which had de
teriorated in width and depth. The work of dredging will probably be completed before the close of the season of navigation 1891, and will give a channel 250 feet wide, 16 feet deep at low water from Lake Michigan to similar depth of water in Calumet River.
The superstructures of parts of the piers to this harbor are in a deplorable state of decay, so reported for several years. The work of time continues, and now there is a length of 2,000 linear feet, more or less, of pier-work superstructure that is worthless, and 800 feet more in bad condition. The 2,000 feet should be immediately renewed, and the estimate herewith is for work of maintenance entirely.
The contract for dredging having been made at 50 per cent. less than the estimates, the dredging will be completed under the last appropriation and the present contract.
July 1, 1890, balance unexpended
June 30, 1891, amount expended during fiscal year....
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended
July 1, 1891, amount covered by uncompleted contracts.
July 1, 1891, balance available......
$4,182. 24 20,000.00
24, 182.24 3,251.70
20.930. 54 9, 691.20
Amount (estimated) required for maintenance..
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.
(See Appendix M M 2.)
3. Calumet River, Illinois and Indiana.-The object of this improvement, so far as at present projected, is to secure a channel 200 feet in width and 16 feet in depth below low-water plane in Lake Michigan, from the mouth of the Calumet River at Calumet Harbor, Illinois, to one-half mile east of Hammond, Ind., with a view to increasing the facilities for handling the growing commerce of this region and also to aid in providing means for the better accommodation of much of the commerce of Chicago River, which is now very much crowded. The original depth of navigation in this river varied from 6 to 10 feet.
The various acts of Congress and the limitations made by law upon the expenditure of the appropriation thereby made are stated in the Annual Report, Chief of Engineers, for the year ending June 30, 1889.
At the beginning of the last fiscal year work was in progress under contract with the lowest responsible bidder for dredging between the mouth and One hundred and eighth street-W. A. McGillis & Co., Havana, Ill., now of South Chicago, Ill.
During the past fiscal year this contract has been completed. Orig. inally it expired November 30, 1889, but subsequent extensions were granted to November 30, 1890.
Under this contract 771,737 cubic yards of material was removed from the channel, of which amount 393,112 cubic yards was removed during the past fiscal year.
Under the last river and harbor act approved September 19, 1890, and under contract, 72,111 cubic yards of material has been removed from the channel.
The existing contract will carry the work from One hundred and eighth to near One hundred and thirteenth street.
The work has met opposition, as shown by the ejectment suit of A. A. Westengard, who claims to own submerged lots lying within the
original 'meandered line of the Calumet River, and part of which lie under the deepest channel of Calumet River. The matter is in the hands of the district attorney for the northern district of Illinois, to protect the interests of the United States.
No work has been done during the fiscal year upon the section of the Calumet River between the forks and one-half mile east of Hammond, Ind.
The amount expended by the United States to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1891, is $135,598.33, of which $109,904.58 has been expended between the mouth of the Calumet River and One hundred and eighth street, including $5,000 paid for legal expenses in securing rights of way and releases from damage claims, required by the act of July 5, 1884, and $25,693.75 for work between the forks of the Calumet and one-half mile east of Hammond, Ind.
The funds now on hand will be applied to continuing the work under existing contract and to forwarding towards completion the approved project.
The funds asked for are to be applied in the same direction.
July 1, 1890, balance unexpended
June 30, 1891, amount expended during fiscal year......
July 1, 1891, balance unexpended.....
July 1, 1891, amount covered by uncompleted contracts....
July 1, 1891, balance available.....
101,790. 28 57,388.91
Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project....
(See Appendix M M 3.)
4. Illinois River, Illinois.-The present project contemplates the extension of the work heretofore done by the State of Illinois from the mouth of Copperas Creek to the Mississippi River, a distance of about 135 miles, which project includes the building of two locks 350 feet long between miter sills, 75 feet in width of lock chamber, with 7 feet of water over the miter sills at low-water level of 1879, and dredging the channel where necessary to attain 7 feet depth at low water in the pools thus created,
The sites selected for the two locks are one at Kampsville, 31 miles above the mouth of the Illinois, the other at La Grange, 79 miles above the mouth of the river.
The ultimate object of the improvement is the construction of a ship canal from the southern end of Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River of sufficient capacity to accommodate large-sized Mississippi River steamboats and for military and naval purposes.
The State of Illinois, aided by the United States, has executed part of the project by the construction of two locks of the dimensions above stated, one at Henry and one at Copperas Creek, respectively, completing, except dredging, that part of the improvement between La Salle, Ill., and the mouth of Copperas Creek.
The La Grange Lock and Dam are practically completed and in use. The foundation of the Kampsville Lock is completed, and all the stone required for its construction is on hand, piled at the lock site, except a