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AN ACT respecting the jurisdiction of certain District AN ACT making appropriations for the completion and support of the Penitentiary in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes.

Courts.

Be it enacted, &c. That the District Courts of the United States for the northern District of New York, the western District of Pennsylvania, the District of Indiana, the District of Illinois, the District of Missouri, the District of Mississippi, the western District of Louisiana, the eastern District of Louisiana, the northern District of Alabama, and the southern District of Alabama, in addition to the ordinary jurisdiction and powers of a District Court shall within the limits of their respective Districts, have jurisdiction of all causes, except appeals and writs of error, which now are,or hereafter may by law be made, cognizable in a Circuit Court, and shall proceed therein

in the same manner as a Circuit Court. Approved, February 19, 1831.

Be it enacted, &c. That, in addition to the unexpended balance of the appropriation of eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, now subject to the order of the Inspectors, there shall be, and hereby is, appropriated for the sup port of the said penitentiary, for the pay of its officers, the erection of additional buildings and improvements; for a wharf and sea wall; the purchase of materials, tools and implements of trade; the purchase of additional ground for the institution; the draining of the marsh east of the penitentiary, and other contingent expenses, the sum of thirty-six thousand three hundred and sixty dollars, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury-not otherwise appropriated, and to be expended under the direction of the Board of Inspectors. Provided, That no more than two thousand dollars shall be drawn from the AN ACT for the relief of William Burris, of Mississippi. Treasury at any one time; and that no subsequent draft shall be made, until the amount previously drawn shall Be it enacted, &c. That William Burris be allowed to be duly accounted for by proper vouchers, regularly relinquish to the United States the cast half of the quar-numbered, and an abstract of which shall accompany ter of section twenty-one, township three, range six, east, containing eighty acres entered by mistake, and to locate in lieu thereof, another half quarter section of land on any of the public lands of the United States, in the State of Mississippi, which has been offered at public sale and is now subject to entry at private sale.

Approved, February 19, 1831.

AN ACT to alter and amend "An act to set apart and dispose of certain public lands for the encouragement of the cultivation of the vine and olive.

the same.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That a majority of the inspectors shall certify upon said abstract, that the amount of moneys, as stated therein, have been actually and necessarily expended, and further, the affidavits of the warden and clerk, taken before a judge or justice of the peace, shall be endorsed on said abstract, stating that the moneys mentioned therein, and vouchers acpersons, and for the purposes stated in said abstracts companying the same, have been actually paid to the and vouchers.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the warden of the said penitentiary shall be appointed by the Presi dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and said warden shall appoint, and may remove, at his pleasure, all its subordinate officers, excepting the clerk, who shall be appointed and removed by the inspectors, or a majority of them.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the number of inspectors shall hereafter be reduced to three, a majority of whom shall constitute a board for the transaction of business, and shall receive an annual salary, payable quar ter-yearly, of two hundred and fifty dollars each.

Be it enacted, &c. That all persons entitled to lands, under a contract entered into on the eighth of January, eighteen hundred and nineteen, by the Secretary of the Treasury on the part of the United States, and Charles Villar, agent of the Tombecbce Association, in pursuance of "An act to set apart and dispose of certain public lands for the encouragement of the cultivation of the vine and olive" approved on the third of March, eighteen hundred and seventeen, their heirs, devisees or assigns, who appear by the report of William L. Adams, special agent of the treasury, appointed in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, passed the twentieth of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to have complied with the conditions of settlement and cultivation, as stipulated for in said contract or who shall hereafter made it appear to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, that they have so complied, shall on paying into the Treasury one dollar and twenty-five cents the acre pre- AN ACT to authorize the appointment of a sub-agent vious to the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirtythree receive a patent for the same.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all persons who became entitled to an allotment of land under said con

tract, their heirs, devisees, or assigns, who have failed to comply with the conditions of settlement and cultivation within the period required thereby, who at the time of the passage of this act shall be in the actual occupancy and cultivation of the same, shall, on paying into the Treasury one dollar and twenty five cents the acre, previous to the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirtythree, receive a patent for the same.

per.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the widow and children of any person who became entitled to an allotment of land under said contract, and died without forming the conditions required, shall, on paying into the Treasury, one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, previous to the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-three, receive a patent for the same. Approved: February 19, 1831.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the passage of this act, the salary of the warden of the said penitentiary shall be fifteen hundred dollars per anApproved February 25, 1831.

num.

to the Winnebago Indians, on Rock river. lowed to the Winnebago tribe of Indians, to reside on Be it enacted, &c. That an additional sub-agent be albe appointed as like officers are appointed, and receive the waters of Rock river; and that the said agent shall the same amount of compensation.

Approved: February 25, 1831.

AN ACT to authorize the Secretary of the Navy to make compensation to the heirs of Taliaferro Living. ston and Francis W. Armstrong, for the maintenance of fifteen Africans illegally imported into the United

States.

Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Navy be authorized to pay, out of the sum appropriated for the suppression of the slave trade, the claim of the heirs of Taliaferro Livingston, late Marshal of the United States for the district of Alabama, for the maintenance of tif. teen Africans, illegally imported into the United States

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in the District of Columbia.

in the schooners Louisa and Marino, in one thousand AN ACT to incorporate Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, eight hundred and eighteen : Provided, That satisfactory evidence of the reasonableness of the charges for said maintenance shall be furnished, and that the sums received by the said Livingston for the hire of said Africans, and for the labor performed for him, by them, if any, be accounted for and deducted.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the same allowance shall be made to Francis W. Armstrong, Marshal of the United States for the district of Alabama, for the time that the aforesaid fifteen Africans were kept by him, subject, in the settlement, to the same restrictions provided for in the first section of this act. Approved: February 25, 1831.

Be it enacted, &c. That William Matthews, Matthew Deagle, Peter S. Shreiber, Thomas Carbery, and William Hickey, and their successors in office, are hereby made, declared, and constituted a corporation and body politic, in law and in fact, to have continuance forever, under the name, style, and title of Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all and singu. lar the lands, tenements, rents, legacies, annuities, rights, privileges, goods, and chattels, that may hereafter be given, granted, sold, devised, or bequeathed to Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, be, and they are hereby, vested in, and confirmed to, the said corporation; and that AN ACT supplemental to an act, passed on the thirty-they may purchase, take, receive, and enjoy any lands, first March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, en- tenements, rents, annuities, rights, or privileges, or any titled "An act for the relief of purchasers of public goods, chattels, or other effects, of what kind or nature lands, and for the suppression of fraudulent practices soever, which shall, or may hereafter be given, granted, at the public sales of lands of the United States." sold, bequeathed, or devised unto them, or either of them, Be it enacted, &c. That all purchasers, their heirs or as Trustees of the said Asylum, by any person or persons, assignees, of such of the public lands as were sold on a bodies politic or corporate, capable of making such grant, credit for a less price than fourteen dollars per acre, and and to dispose of the same: Provided, The clear annual on which a further credit has been taken under any of income of property to be acquired by said corporation the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public shall, at no time, exceed the sum of five thousand dollars. lands, and which lands have reverted to the United Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said corpoStates on account of the balance due thereon not having ration, by the name and style aforesaid, be, and shall be been paid or discharged, agreeably to said relief laws, | hereafter, capable, in law and equity, to sue and be sued, shall be entitled to patents, without further payment, into plead and be impleaded, within the District of Colum all instances where one dollar and twenty-five cents, or abia and elsewhere, in as effectual a manner as other pergreater sum, per acre, shall have been paid; or where sons or corporations can sue or be sued; and that they payment to that amount shall not have been heretofore shall adopt and use a common seal, and the same to use, made, such purchasers, their heirs or assignees, shall alter, or exchange at pleasure; that they may appoint have the right of pre-emption until the fourth day of Ju- such officers as they shall deem necessary and proper, to ly, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, by paying assign them their duties, and regulate their compensation, into the proper land office such sum, in addition to the and to remove any or all of them, and appoint others, as amount heretofore paid, as will, together, amount to the often as they shall think fit; and the said corporation minimum price of the lands of the United States at the shall make such laws as may be useful for the government time of such payment. and support, and for the general accomplishment of the objects of the said Asylum, as hereinafter mentioned, and not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, or the laws in force in the District of Columbia, for the time being, and the same to alter, amend, or abrogate at plea. sure.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all such occupants of relinquished land as are contemplated and described in the second section of the above recited act, to which this is a supplement, as are in possession of land which was sold on credit, for a less sum than fourteen dollars per acre, shall have the right of pre-emption of the Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be same lands, according to the legal subdivisions of sec- a meeting of the regular annual contributors to the saptions, not exceeding the quantity of two quarter sections port of Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, in the month of in contiguous tracts or contiguous to other lands held by June, in each year, the hour, and day, and manner of such occupants respectively, until the fourth day of July, | giving notice for which, to be regulated by the by-laws; one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their at which meeting, by those who from the by laws may paying into a proper office, for all land originally sold for a be qualified to vote, nine female managers shall be electprice not exceeding five dollars per acre, one dollar and ed, who shall appoint a first and second Directress, and twenty-five cents per acre; and for all lands which origi- may fill all vacancies in their own Board, until the next nally sold for more than five dollars, and not exceeding annual election; and the present managers may continue fourteen dollars per acre, the amount of the first instal-in office until the election in June next. ment heretofore paid; such occupants first proving their possession, respectively in conformity to the provisions of the said act, to which this is a supplement, in the manner which has been prescribed by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, pursuant to the provisions thereof: Provided, however, That in all cases where proof of possession has been already made under said recited act, proof shall not again be required, unless the applicant choose to take other land than that to which such proof applies.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted That the provisions of this act shall extend to all town property of which the Government has been proprietors, and not subsequently sold, when full payment has not been made: Provided, The original purchasers, or their assignees, pay into the proper land office, on or before the fourth of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, one half of the original purchase money, without interest. Approved: February 25, 1831.

VOL. VII-B.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, with the consent and approbation of the parent, guardian, or friends, who may have the care of any male or female child, or where a child may be destitute of any friend or protector, the same may be received into Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, under such regulations as may be made by the by-laws, and there protected, instructed, and supported: and they shall not thereafter be withdrawn, or be at liberty themselves to withdraw from the Asylum, without the consent or dismissal of the corporation aforesaid, until, if a male, he shall have attained the age of twentyone years, or, if a female, the age of eighteen years; but, up to the ages aforesaid respectively, they shall remain subject to the direction of the said corporation, unless they may, by the same, be exonerated from service previous to attaining those ages respectively; and the said corporation shall have the power to bind any child under their care, for the purposé of acquiring a know

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ledge of some useful trade, occupation or profession, un- in the City of Washington, with all convenient despatch, der such conditions as may be determined by the by- to arrange and docket the several claims, and to consider laws, a copy of which conditions shall be delivered to, the evidence which shall have been, or which may be of and they shall be binding on every person to whom any fered by the respective claimants, allowing such further child may be so bound; that there may also be estab-time for the production of such further evidence as may lished, in connexion with Saint Vincent's Orphan's Asy-be required, and as they shall think reasonable and just; lum, schools for the daily attendance of children whose parents or guardians are or may be unable to pay for their instruction, or whose parents or guardians may contribute towards the support of the Asylum, under such regulations as may be made in the by-laws.

and they shall thereupon proceed to determine the said claims, and to award distribution of the sums to be received by the United States from the King of Denmark, under the stipulations of the Convention aforesaid, among the several claimants, according to their respective rights. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any vacancy Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said comwhich, from death, resignation, or otherwise, may hap missioners shall be, and they are hereby, authorized and pen in the Board of Trustees, shall be filled according to empowered to make all needful rules and regulations, the mode to be prescribed in the by-laws; that they not contravening the laws of the land, the provisions of may hold such meetings as they shall think proper, and, this act, or the provisions of the said Convention, for carto give form to their proceedings, may appoint such off-rying their said commission into full and complete effect. cers as they may deem necessary, and provide proper checks and responsibilities for the security of the property and funds of the corporation aforesaid; that they shall keep a journal of their proceedings, upon which the by-laws shall be recorded; and that they shall make report, at the annual meeting to be held in June, of the affairs and condition of the institution for the preceding

year.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it may be law. ful for Congress hereafter to alter, amend, modify, or repeal the foregoing act.

Approved February 25, 1831.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint a Secretary to the said commission.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the said com. missioners and Secretary shall severally take an oath for the faithful performance of the duties of their respective

offices.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the compensa. tion of the respective officers for whose appointment pro vision is made by this act shall not exceed the following sums to each of the said commissioners at the rate of three thousand dollars per annum, and to the Secretary AN ACT to provide for the adjustment of claims of per- of the Board at the rate of two thousand dollars per an sons entitled to indemnification under the convention num; and the President of the United States shall be, between the United States and his Majesty the King and he is hereby, authorized to make such provision for of Denmark, of the twenty-eighth March, eighteen the contingent expenses of the said commission as shall hundred and thirty, and for the distribution among such appear to him reasonable and proper; and the said salaclaimants, of the sums to be paid by the Danish Go-ries and expenses shall be paid out of any money in the vernment to that of the United States, according to the stipulation of the said convention.

Be it enacted, &c. That the commissioners who are or may be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, in pursuance of the third article of the convention between the United States of America and his Majesty the King of Denmark, signed at Copenhagen the twenty-eighth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, shall meet at Washington City, in the District of Columbia, and, within the space of two years from the time of their first meeting, shall receive, examine, and decide upon the amount and validity of all such claims as may be presented to them, and are provided for by the convention referred to, according to the merits of the several cases, and to justice, equity, and the law of nations, and according to the provisions of said convention.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all records, documents, or other papers, which now are in, or hereaf ter, during the continuance of this commission, may come into the possession of the Department of State, in relation to such claims, shall be delivered to the commission aforesaid.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said commissioners, or a majority of them, with their Secretary, whose appointment is hereinafter provided for, shall convene in this city on the first Monday of April next, and shall proceed to execute the duties of their commission; and the Secretary of State shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and required forthwith after the passing of this act, to give notice of the said intended meeting, to be published in one or more public gazettes in the city of Washington, and in such other public papers, published elsewhere in the United States, as he may designate.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said commissioners shall proceed immediately after their meeting

Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.

to

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all moneys be received from the Danish Government under the con vention aforesaid, shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States, and shall constitute a fund for satisfying the awards of the commission provided for by this act.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That all communi. cations to or from the Secretary of the Board of Commis sioners on the business of the commission, shall pass by mail free of postage.

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That as soon as the said commission shall be executed and completed, the records, documents, and all other papers in the posses sion of the commission or its officers shall be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State. Approved: February 25, 1831.

AN ACT for the Punishment of Crimes in the District of

Columbia.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted, &c That, from and after the passage of this act, every person who shall be convicted, in any court in the District of Columbia, of any of the following offences, to wit: manslaughter, assault and battery with intent to kill, arson, rape, assault and battery with intent to commit a rape, burglary, robbery, horse stealing, mayhem, bigamy, perjury, or subornation of perjury, larceny, if the property stolen is of the value of five dollars or upwards, forgery, obtaining by false pretences any goods or chattels, money, bank note, promissory note, or any other instrument in writing for the payment or delivery of money or other valuable thing, or of keeping a faro bank or other common gaming table, petty larceny upon a second conviction, committed after the passage of this act, shall be sentenced to suffer punish. ment by imprisonment and labor, for the time and times hereinafter prescribed, in the penitentiary for the District of Columbia.

Laws of the United States.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every person duly convicted of manslaughter, or of any assault and battery with intent to kill, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than two nor more than eight years, for the second offence for a period not less than six nor more than fifteen years.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person duly convicted of the crime of maliciously, wilfully, or fraudulently burning any dwelling house, or any other house, barn or stable adjoining thereto, or any store, baru or out house, having goods, tobacco, hay or grain therein, although the same shall not be adjoining to any dwelling house; or of maliciously and wilfully burning any of the public buildings in the cities, towns, or counties of the District of Columbia, belonging to the United States, or the said cities, towns or counties; or any church, meeting-house, or other building for public worship, belonging to any voluntary society, or body corporate; or any college, academy, school-house, or library; or any ship or vessel, afloat or building; or as being accessary thereto, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for a period of not less than one, nor more than ten years for the first offence, and not less than five nor more than twenty years for the second offence.

[21st CoNG. 2d SESS.

stealing of which is made punishable by this act, to the value of five dollars or upwards, knowing them to have been stolen, or of being an accessary after the fact in any felony, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than one nor more than five years, and for the second offence for a period not less than two nor more than ten years. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That every person duly convicted of having falsely forged and counterfeit ed any gold or silver coin, which new is, or shall hereaf ter be, passing or in circulation within the District of Co lumbia; or of having falsely uttered, paid, or tendered in payment, any such counterfeit or forged coin, knowing the same to be forged and counterfeit; or of having aided, abetted or commanded the perpetration of either of the said offences; or of having falsely made, altered, forged, or counterfeited, or caused or procured to be falsely made, altered, forged, or counterfeited, or having willingly aided or assisted in falsely making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting, any paper, writing, or printed paper, to the prejudice of the right of any other person, body politic, or corporate, or voluntary association, with intent to defraud such person, body politic or corporate, or voluntary association, or of having passed, uttered, or published, or attempted to pass, utter or publish, as true, any such falsely made, altered, forged, or counterfeited paSec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every free per, writing or printed paper, to the prejudice of the right person duly convicted of rape, or as being accessary of any other person, body politic or corporate, or volunthereto before the fact, shall be sentenced to suffer im tary association, knowing the same to be falsely made, prisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period altered, forged, or counterfeited, with intent to defraud not less than ten nor more than thirty years, and for the such person, body politic or corporate, or voluntary as second offence for and during the period of his natural sociation, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and life. labor, for the first offence for a period not less than one Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every free per-year nor more than seven years, for the second offence, son duly convicted of an assault and battery, with intent to commit a rape, shall be punished for the first offence by undergoing confinement in the Penitentiary for a pe. riod not less than one nor more than five years, and for the second for a period not less than five nor more than fifteen years,

for a period not less than three nor more than ten years, Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That every person duly convicted of obtaining by false pretences any goods or chattels, money, bank note, promissory note, or any other instrument in writing, for the payment or delivery of money or other valuable thing, or of keeping a faro bank or gaming table, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for a period not less than one year, nor more than five years and every person, so offend

Sec. 6. And be it further enacled, That every person duly convicted of burglary, or as accessary thereto before the fact, or of robbery, or as accessary thereto before the fact, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and laboring, shall be a competent witness against every other for the first offence for a period not less than three nor more than seven years, and for the second offence for a period not less than five nor more than fifteen years.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That every person convicted of horse stealing, mayhem, bigamy, or as being accessary to any of said crimes before the fact, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than two nor more than seven years, and for the second offence for a period not less than five nor more than twelve years.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That every person convicted of perjury, or subornation of perjury, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than two nor more than ten years, and for the second offence for a period not less than five nor more than fifteen years.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every person convicted of feloniously stealing, taking, and carrying away, any goods or chattels, or other personal property, of the value of five dollars or upwards, or any bank note, promissory note, or any other instrument of writing, for the payment or delivery of money or other valuable thing, to the amount of five dollars or upwards, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than one nor more than three years, and for the second offence for a period not less than three nor more than ten years.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That every person convicted of receiving stolen goods or any article the

person offending in the same transaction, and may be compelled to appear and give evidence in the same manner as other persons; but the testimony so given shall not be used in any prosecution or proceeding, civil or criminal, against the person so testifying.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That every person, upon a second conviction of larceny, where the proper ty stolen is under the value of five dollars, or upon a second conviction of receiving stolen goods, knowing them to be stolen, where the property stolen is under the va lue of five dollars, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for a period not less than one nor more than three years.

Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That all capital felonies and crimes in the District of Columbia, not lierein specially provided for, except murder, treason, and piracy, shall hereafter be punished by imprisonment and labor in the Penitentiary of said District, for a period not less than seven nor more than twenty years.

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That every other fciony, misdemeanor, or offence not provided for by this act, may and shall be punished as heretofore, except that, in all cases where whipping is part or the whole of the punishment, except, in the cases of slaves, the court shall substitute therefor imprisonment in the county jail, for a period not exceeding six months.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That all definitions and descriptions of crimes; all fines, forfeitures, and incapacities, the restitution of property, or the payment of

21st CONG. 2d SESS.]

fore.

Laws of the United States.

the value thereof; and every other matter not provided for in this act, be, and the same shall remain, as heretoSec. 17. And be it further enacted, That if any free person shall, in the said District, unlawfully, by force and violence, take and carry away, or cause to be taken and carried away, or shall, by fraud unlawfully seduce, or cause to be seduced, any free negro or mulatto, from any part of the said District to any other part of the said District, or to any other place, with design, or intention to sell or dispose of such negro or mulatto, or to cause him or her to be kept and detained as a slave for life, or servant for years, every such person so offending, his or her counsellors, aiders and abettors, shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and imprisonment and confinement to hard labor, in the Penitentiary, for any time not exceeding twelve years, according to the enormity of the offence.

Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to apply to slaves not residents of the District of Columbia; but such slaves shall, for all offences committed in said District, be punished agreeably to the laws as they now exist: Provided that this act shall not be construed to extend to slaves. Approved, March 2, 1831.

AN ACT making appropriations for certain fortifications during the year one thousand eight hundred and thir

ty-one.

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merchandize.

Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury shall be, and he is hereby, authorized to extend relief to any importer of foreign merchandise who may have been charged, under the provisions of the third section of the act, entitled "An act, for the more effectual collection of the duties on imports," passed the twentyeighth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, with any duty in addition to the duties existing on such merchandise previous to the passage of said act, to the amount of such additional duty: Provided, said merchandise shall have been imported previous to the first

day of January last: Provided, also, That no person shall be entitled to the relief authorized to be given by this act, who, by the exercise of reasonable diligence, by himself, or his agents, factors, or correspondents, could have complied with the provisions of the said third section of said act; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall require and receive satisfactory evidence, from every person claiming the benefits of this act, that such diligence has been used, and that he has acted bona fide, and without any intent to violate or evade the provisions of said third section, before he shall grant the relief herein provided.

Approved, March 2, 1831.

AN ACT for the sale of the lands in the State of Illinois reserved for the use of the salt springs on the Vermillion river in that State.

Be it enacled, &c. That the State of Illinois shall be, and is hereby, authorized and empowered to cause to be sold and conveyed, in such manner and on such terms and conditions as the Legislature of said State has or may direct, the whole or any part of the lands reserved and set apart by the President of the United States, on the twenty-ninth day of March, eighteen hundred and twenty-five for the use of the salt works on the Vermil such sale to such objects as the Legislature of said State lion river, in said State, and to apply the proceeds of has or may direct Provided, said land shall not be sold for less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. Approved, March 2, 1831.

AN ACT for the relief of the citizens of Shawnee

town.

Be it enacted, &c. That it shall and may be lawful for any purchaser, the assignee or legal representative of any purchaser, of any in or out-lot or lots in the town of Shawneetown in the State of Illinois, which lot or lots. may have reverted for the non-payment of the purchase money, to re-enter the same lot or lots which may have so reverted, with the Register and Receiver of the district of Shawneetown, at any time within six months after the passage of this act, upon the following terms and conditions, to wit: by paying, in addition to what has heretofore been paid upon each in-lot, five dollars, and upon each out-lot, one dollar and twenty-five cents, per

acre.

hereby is, granted to the Trustees of the town of Shaw Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there be, and neetown, and their successors in office, for ever, in trust, to sell, or otherwise dispose of, for the purpose of graduating and paving the river bank within the limits of all the in or out-lots within the bounds of said town, said town, all the vacant ground not necessary for streets, under the provisions of the first section of this act; this which remain unsold, and all such as may remain unsold act to be carried into effect under the direction of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Approved, March 2, 1831.

AN ACT to authorize the Secretary of War to purchase an additional quantity of land for the fortifications at Fort Washington, upon the river Potomac.

Be it enacted, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized to purchase, in fee simple, from the executrix or trustees of William Dudley Digges, deceased, a certain piece of land required for the complete defence of the work at Fort Washington, on the Potomac, according to a survey of the same, deposited in the Topographical Bureau, at Washington: Provided, the said purchase can be effected for the release of the amount of a judgment against William Dudley Digges, deceased, for thirteen thousand three hundred and sixty.

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