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ACTS OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CONGRESS

OF THE

UNITED STATES:

PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION, WHICH WAS BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, ON MONDAY, THE SIXTH DAY OF DECEMBER, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY, AND ENDED ON THE THIRD DAY OF MARCH, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY-ONE.

AN ACT to change the time of holding the rule term of the Circuit Court for the District of West Tennessee. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be the duty of the District Judge of

| the said three per centum to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury be, and the same is hereby repealed. Approved: January 13, 1831

AN ACT making appropriations for carrying into effect

certain Indian Treaties.

Be it enacted, &c. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby appropriated, for the service of the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty:

For the annual support of a school for the education of Indian youth, as stipulated for by the sixth article of the treaty of the fifth of August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, with the Chippewa tribe of Indians, one thousand dollars;

Tennessee, to hold a term of the Circuit Court at Nashville, for the District of West Tennessee, on the first Monday in March, in each year, who shall have power to make all necessary rules and orders touching any suit, action, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings or pro ceedings, that may be pending in said Circuit Court, or that may have issued returnable to the Circuit Court to be holden on the first Monday in September next, preparatory to the hearing, trial, or decision of such action, suit, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings, or pro For the payment of the annuity of two thousand dollars, ceedings; and all writs and process may hereafter be re- and also the sum of two thousand dollars for education, turnable to the said Courts to be holden on the first Mon- as stipulated for by the third article of the treaty of the day in March, in the same manner as to the sessions of sixteenth October, one thousand eight hundred and twenthe Circuit Courts directed by law to be held at Nash-ty-six, with the Potawattamies, the annual sum of four ville on the first Monday in September of each year; and thousand dollars; the writs and other process returnable to the said Circuit Court on the first Monday in September, may bear teste on the first Monday in March.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said District Judge shall have power to adjourn from day to day, or to any other period of time, more than three months before the September term of said Court: Provided, That no final judgment be rendered at said term to be held by the District Judge, except by the consent of both parties.

ANDREW STEVENSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
JOHN C. CALHOUN,
President of the Senate.

Approved: January 13, 1831.

ANDREW JACKSON.

AN ACT to amend an act, entitled "An act to provide for paying to the State of Illinois three per centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within the same.'

Be it enacted, &c. That so much of the act, entitled, an act to provide for paying to the State of Illinois three per centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within the same," approved the twelfth of December, eighteen hundred and twenty, as requires an annual account of the application, by the said State, of VOL. VII-A.

For the annual support of a blacksmith and miller, and for furnishing annually one hundred and sixty bushels of salt, under the same treaty, one thousand five hundred and twenty dollars;

For the payment of the permanent and limited annuities provided for by the second article of the treaty with the Pottawattamies, of the twentieth of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, annually the sum of three thousand dollars;

For tobacco, iron, steel, education, annuity to the principal chief, and employment of laborers, by same article, one thousand nine hundred and sixty dollars;

For payment of permanent annuity under the fourth article of the treaty with the Miamies, of the twenty-third of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, twenty-five thousand dollars;

For iron, steel, tobacco, and laborers, by same article, one thousand one hundred dollars.

For support of the poor and infirm, and for education, under the sixth article of said treaty, two thousand dollars. Approved: January 13, 1831.

AN ACT for the benefit of schools in Lawrence county,
Mississippi.

Be it enacted, &c. That one section of the public lands subject to private entry and sale in the state of Mississippi, be located for the use and benefit of schools in

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Lawrence county, in said State, in lieu of the sixteenth section, sold and patented to Will Whitehead.

several objects, to the credit of certain other heads of Indian expenditure, under which balances accruing preSEC 2 And be it further enacted, That any person ap- viously to the above date, remain due to certain indivi pointed by order of the Probate Court, in and for the viduals, and appear upon the books of the Second Aucounty of Lawrence, be, and he is hereby, authorized to | ditor; also, to direct similar transfers to be made to and locate the quantity of land named in this act, for the pur- from the several specific heads of contingencies of the poses above named. Indian Department, pay of agents, sub-agents, and presents to Indians; and, also, of the sum of five thousand and fourteen dollars and fifteen cen's from the head of subsistence of the army, to the head of Indian expendi

Approved: January 13, 1831.

AN ACT for the relief of Aaron Fitzgerald. Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be direct-ture, under which that amount was actually applied and ed to place Aaron Fitzgerald on the pension list during life, at twelve dollars per month, instead of the pension which he now receives.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there be paid to the said Aaron Fitzgerald the sum of three hundred and sixty-one dollars and sixty-six cents; being the difference between six dollars per month actually allowed him as a pension, and eight dollars per month which ought to have been allowed him from the twenty-first of February, one thousand, eight hundred and fifteen, to the eleventh of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty; and that the said sum be paid to him out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Approved: January 13, 1831.

AN ACT to amend an act, entitled "An act to provide for paying to the States of Missouri, Mississippi, and Alabama, three per centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within the same." Be it enacted, &c. That so much of an act, entitled "An act to provide for paying to the States of Missouri, Mississippi, and Alabama, three per centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within the same," approved the third of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-two, as requires an annual account of the ap plication of the said three per centum, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, be, and the same is hereby repealed.

Approved: January 19, 1831.

AN ACT for the relief of Thomas Fitzgerald. Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, directed to cause to be paid to Thomas Fitzgerald, an invalid pensioner of the United States, the sum of two hundred and eighty-four dollars and twenty two cents, being arrearages of pension to which he is entitled on account of a total disability received while in the service of the United States, and which has heretofore been withheld in consequence of a mistake in first placing his name on the pension roll. Approved: January 19, 1831.

expended: Provided, always, That no such transfer shall be made unless it satisfactorily appear that the specific expenditure was actually made for the service of Indian affairs, in good faith, by an authorized agent of the Government, and before the date aforesaid, and that the balances from which such transfers are authorized to be made are not necessary for the specific purpose of their original appropriation.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized to pay to Mark and R. H. Bean, of Arkansas, out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, eight thou sand seven hundred and forty-eight dollars and twenty five cents, for supplies furnished to the emigrant Creek Indians by direction of former Indian agents: Provided, That the said Beans shall first present sufficient evidence to the proper accounting officer, that credit was original ly given by them to the Government of the United States, and that no part of the amount has been receiv ed by them, or satisfied, directly or indirectly, from the agent through whom they sold or contracted. Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT making appropriations for the payment of revolutionary and invalid pensioners.

Be it enacted, &c. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any mo ney in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for pay ing revolutionary and invalid pensioners, viz:

For payment of revolutionary pensioners, for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, one milli

eleven thousand one hundred dollars.

For paying the invalid pensioners, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty one, two hundred and seventy-six thousand seven hundred and twenty dollars, in addition to an unexpnted balance of appropriation fer invalid pensioners of twenty-nine thousand two hundred and forty-six dollars ninety-five cents.

For pensions to widows and orphans, five thousand dollars.

Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT to alter the times of holding the District Courts of the United States for the Districts of Maine and li linois, and Northern District of Alabama.

AN ACT for closing certain accounts, and making ap propriations for arrearages in the Indian Department. Be it enacted, &c. That the sum of sixty one thousand Be it enacted, &c. That the terms of the District Court dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be of the United States for the Northern District of Alaba paid out of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise ap-ma, which are now directed by law to be held on the propriated, for arrearages in the Indian Department, the same to be applied to the payment of balances on accounts presented and settled by the proper accounting officer, and now actually due, which accrued previous to the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, and to no other purpose.

first Mondays of March and October in each year, sha hereafter be held on the second Mondays of April and October in each year; and that the term of the District Court of the United States for the District of Maine, which is now directed by law to be held on the second Tuesday of September in each year, shall hereafter be SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose held on the first Tuesday of September in each year of settling and closing the accounts in the office of the and all processes which may have issued, or which shal Second Auditor, relating to Indian affairs, prior to the hereafter issue, returnable to the next succeeding terms date of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty of the said District Courts as heretofore established, sa nine, the President of the United States is hereby autho-be held returnable, and be returned, to those terms to rized to direct tranfers to be made from such balances of which they are severally changed by this act. moneys heretofore appropriated to carry into effect cer tain Indian treaties as are no longer required for their

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the terms of the District Court of the United States for the District

Laws of the United States.

of Illinois, which are now directed by law to be held on the third Mondays of June and November in each year, shall hereafter be held on the first Mondays of May and December in each year; and all process which may have issued, or which shall hereafter issue, returnable to the next succeeding terms of the said District Court as heretofore established, shall be held returnable, and be returned, to these terms to which they are severally chang. ed by this act.

Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT to extend the time for entering certain donation claims to land in the Territory of Arkansas Be it enacted, &c. That the provisions of the eighth and ninth sections of the act of Congress, approved twenty-fourth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, entitled "An act to aid the State of Ohio in extending the Miami Canal from Dayton to Lake Erie, and to grant a quantity of land to said State to aid in the construction of the Canals authorized by law, and fo making donations of land to certain persons in Arkansa Territory," and the provisions of the act, entitled "An act restricting the location of certain land claims in the Territory of Arkansas, and for other purposes,' ," approved sixth January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine; and, also, the provisions of the act, entitled "An act to extend the time for locating certain do nations in Arkansas;" approved thirteenth January, one thonsand eight hundred and thirty, be, and same are hereby, continued in force for the period of two years, from the twenty-fourth May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one: Provided, That nothing in this act, or the foregoing acts, shall be so construed as to prevent the President of the United States from bringing the said lands in Arkansas into market under the existing laws: and all claims to donations under the before recited act, which shall not have been presented and allowed by the proper authorities on or before the day which shall be fixed on by the President for the sale of said land, are hereby declared forfeited to the United States.

Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT further supplemental to the act entitled "an an act making further provision for settling the claims to land, in the Territory of Missouri," passed the thirteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve.

Be it enacted, &c. That the United States do hereby relinquish to the inhabitants of the several towns or vil lages of Portage des Sioux, Saint Charles, Saint Louis, Saint Ferdinand, Villa a Robert, Carondelet, Saint Ge nevieve, New Madrid, New Bourbon, and Little Prairie, in the State of Missouri, all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to the town or village lots, out lots, common field lots, and commons in, adjoining and belonging to, the said towns or villages, confirmed to them respectively, by the first section of the act of Congress, entitled "An act making further provision for settling the claims to land in the Territory of Missouri," passed the thirteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, to be held by the inhabitants of the said towns and villages, in full property, according to their several rights therein, to be regulated or disposed of for the use of the inhabitants, according to the laws of the State of Missouri.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the United States do hereby relinquish all their right, title, and in'terest, in and to the town and village lots, out lots, and common field lots, in the State of Missouri, reserved for the support of schools, in the respective towns and villages aforesaid, by the second section of the above recited act of Congress; and that the same shall be sold or disposed of, or regulated for the said purposes, in such

[21st CoNG. 2d SESS.

manner, as may be directed by the Legislature of said State. Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT for the relief of the legal representatives of Edward Moore, deceased.

Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Navy pay to the legal representatives of Edward Moore, deceased, the sum of one hundred and twenty dollars and fortytwo cents, reported on the books of the Fourth Auditor of the Treasury to the said Edward Moore, for his share of the prize money for the British vessels captured on Lake Erie, during the late war; to be paid out of any money not otherwise appropriated. Approved, January 27, 1831.

AN ACT making provision for the compensation of witnesses, and payment of other expenses atttending the trial of the impeachment of James H. Peck.

Be it enacted, &c. That to every witness summoned to attend the trial of the impeachment of James H. Peck, there shall be allowed and paid, for every day's attendance upon the said trial, the sum of four dollars; and also for mileage, at the rate of twenty cents for every mile distance coming to the City of Washington, and returning to the usual place of residence of the witnes ses respectively, computing the said distance by the usual route of travel by land.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Senate to ascertain and certify the amount due to each witness for attendance and mileage; which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher to entitle the witness to receive from the Treasury of the United States, the amount certified to be due, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the Marshal of the District of Columbia there shall be allowed and paid, for every day's attendance upon the Court of impeachment, during the said trial, the sum of five dollars, the amount to be ascertained and certified by the Secretary of the Senate; which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher to entitle the said Marshal to receive from the Treasury of the United States, the amount certified to be due, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be paid to the Marshal of the State of Missouri, the sum of fifty dollars; and to the Marshal of the Territory of Ar. kansas, the sum of five dollars, for serving and returning subpoenas for witnesses, issued by order of the said Court.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the sum of thirteen thousand five hundred dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated to defray the expenses incurred under the provisions of this act, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. Approved, February 3, 1831.

AN ACT to authorize the construction of three Schooners for the naval service of the United States. Be it enacted, &c. That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause to be built, equipped, and employed in the naval service of the United States, three Schooners, not exceeding twelve guns each; and that the sum of eighty-seven thousand three hundred and sixty dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of carrying the foregoing provisions into effect.

Approved, February 3, 1831.

AN ACT to amend the several acts respecting copy rights.

Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the passing of this act, any person or persons, being a citizen or citi

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zens of the United States, or resident therein, who shall be the author or authors of any book or books, map, chart, or musical composition, which may be now made or composed, and not printed and published, or shall hereafter be made or composed, or who shall invent, design, etch, engrave, work, or cause to be engraved, etched, or worked from his own design, any print or engraving, and the executors, administrators, or legal as signs of such person or persons, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, re-printing, publishing, and vending such book or books, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, in whole or in part. for the term of twenty eight years from the time of recording the title thereof, in the manner hereinafter directed.¦ SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if, at the expiration of the aforesaid term of years, such author, inventor, designer, engraver, or any of them, where the work had been originally composed and made by more than one person, be still living, and a citizen or citizens of the United States, or resident therein, or being dead, shall have left a widow, or child, or children, either or all then living, the same exclusive right shall be continued to such author, designer, or engraver, or, if dead, then to such widow and child, or children, for the further term of fourteen years: Provided, That the title of the work so secured shall be a second time recorded, and all such other regulations as are herein required in regard to ori. ginal copy-rights, be complied with in respect to such renewed copy-right, and that within six months before the expiration of the first term.

Src. 3. And be it further enacted, That in all cases of renewal of copy-right under this act, such author or proprietor shall, within two months from the date of said renewal, cause a copy of the record thereof to be published in one or more of the newspapers printed in the United States, for the space of four weeks.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be entitled to the benefit of this act, unless he shall, before publication, deposit a printed copy of the title of such book, or books, map, chart, musica! composition, print, cut, or engraving, in the clerk's office of the district court of the said district wherein the author or proprie tor shall reside, and the clerk of such court is hereby directed and required to record the same thereof forthwith, in a book to be kept for that purpose, in the words following (giving a copy of the title, under the seal of the court, to the said author or proprietor, whenever he shall require the same:) "District of to wit: Be it remembered, that on the day of Anno domini, A. B. of the said District, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, (map, chart, or otherwise, as the case may,) the title of which is in the words following, to wit. (here insert the title,) the right whereof he claims as author (or proprietor as the case may be;) in conformity with an act of Congress, entitled An act to amend the several acts respecting copyrights. C. D. Clerk of the District." For which record, the clerk shall be entitled to receive, from the person claiming such right as aforesaid, fifty cents; and the like sum for every copy, under seal, actually given to such person or his assigns. And the author or proprietor of any such book, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, shall, within three months from the publication of said book, map, chart, musical com position, print, cut, or engraving, deliver or cause to be delivered a copy of the same to the clerk of said district. And it shall be the duty of the clerk of each district court, at least once in every year, to transmit a cer tified list of all such records of copy-right, including the titles so recorded, and the dates of record, and also all the several copies of books or other works deposited in his office according to this act, to the Secretary of State, to be preserved in his office.

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be entitled to the benefit of this act, unless he shall give information of copy-right being secured, by causing to be inserted, in the several copies of each and every edition published during the term secured on the title page, or the page immediately following, if it be a book, or, if a map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engrav ing, by causing to be impressed on the face thereof, or if a volume of maps, charts, music, or engravings, upon the title or frontispiece thereof, the following words, viz : "Entered according to act of Congress, in the year by A. B., in the clerk's office of the district court of "(as the case may be.) SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any other person or persons, from and after the recording the title of any book or books, according to this act, shall, with n the term or terms herein limited, print, publish, or inport, or cause to be printed, published, or imported, any copy of such book, or books, without the consent of the person legally entitled to the copy-right thereof, first hal and obtained in writing, signed in presence of two or more credible witnesses, or shall, knowing the same to be so printed or imported, publish, sell, or expose ta sale, or cause to be published, sold, or exposed to sale, any copy of such book without such consent in writing then such offender shall forfeit every copy of such book to the person legally, at the time, entitled to the copy. right thereof; and shall also forfeit and pay fifty cents for every such sheet which may be found in his posses sion, either printed or printing, published, imported, er exposed to sale, contrary to the intent of this act, the one moiety thereof to such legal owner of the copy-right as aforesaid, and the other to the use of the United States, to be recovered by action of debt in any court having competent jurisdiction thereof.

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That, if any per son or persons, after the recording the title of any print, or cut, or engraving, map, chart, or musical composition, according to the provisions of this act, shall, within the term or terms, limited by this act, engrave, etch, work, sell, or copy, or cause to be engraved, etched worked, or sold, or copied, either on the whole, or b varying, adding to, or diminishing the main design, with intent to evade the law, or shall print or import for sale, or cause to be printed or imported for sale, any such map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, any parts thereof, without the consent of the propriet or proprietors of the copy-right thereof, first obtained in writing, signed in the presence of two credible witnes ses; or, knowing the same to be so printed or imported without such consent, shall publish, sell or expose to sale, or in any manner dispose of any such map, chart, mus cal composition, engraving,cut,or print, without such cut sent, as aforesaid; then such an offender or offender: shall forfeit the plate or plates on which such map,chart. musical composition, engraving, cut, or print, shall be copied, and also all and every sheet thereof so copied or printed, as aforesaid, to the proprietor or proprietors the copy-right thereof; and shall further forfeit one da lar for every sheet of such map, chart, musical compos tion, print, cut, or engraving, which may be found in his or their possession, printed or published, or exposed to sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act; the one moiety thereof to the proprietor or pro prietors, and the other moiety to the use of the Unite States, to be recovered in any court having compete jurisdiction thereof.

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act shall be construed to extend to prohibit the importation vending, printing, or publishing, of any map, chart, bock, musical composition, print or engraving, written, compos ed, or made, by any person not being a citizen of the United States, nor resident within the jurisdiction thereo

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