Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia
A distinguishing feature of recent urbanization in the ASEAN countries of Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia is the outward extension of their mega-cities (Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur) beyond the metropolitan borders, resulting in the establishment of new towns, industrial estates, and housing projects in previously rural areas. This process has both positive and negative effects. On one side, household incomes and employment opportunities are increasing, but on the other, the growth often causes serious problems in terms of environmental deterioration, conflicting land uses, and inadequate housing and service provisions.
Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia is the first comprehensive work on the subject of ASEAN mega-urban regions. The contributors review T.G. McGee's original idea of desakota zones, and offer arguments both for and against this concept, making a significant contribution to our understanding of the true face of ASEAN cities. The book brings together authors from around the world and will be of interest to a wide audience, including demographers, urban planners, geographers, sociologists, economists, civil servants and development consultants.
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... major expressways and railroad lines radiating out from the urban cores, and leapfrogs in all directions, putting down new towns, industrial estates, housing projects, and even golf courses in areas hitherto agricultural and rural.
Within this territory are a large number of individual jurisdictions, both urban and rural, each with its own administrative machinery, laws, and regulations. No single authority is responsible for overall planning or management.
Finally, there were myriad small towns acting as market and service centres in rural areas. These had not grown greatly in numbers or size. Thus dominating each ASEAN country was an extended mega-urban region (EMR).
... the distinctive ecological and historical conditions of Asia have led to the evolution of high-density rural areas given over to intensive agriculture (in which rice is a major crop) and in close proximity to the major urban areas.
Rather than drawing a population from rural areas to a city, region-based urbanization utilizes an in situ population in the extended metropolitan region as well as drawing migrants from other rural areas (see Figure 1.4).