Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia
A distinguishing feature of recent urbanization in the ASEAN countries of Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia is the outward extension of their mega-cities (Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur) beyond the metropolitan borders, resulting in the establishment of new towns, industrial estates, and housing projects in previously rural areas. This process has both positive and negative effects. On one side, household incomes and employment opportunities are increasing, but on the other, the growth often causes serious problems in terms of environmental deterioration, conflicting land uses, and inadequate housing and service provisions.
Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia is the first comprehensive work on the subject of ASEAN mega-urban regions. The contributors review T.G. McGee's original idea of desakota zones, and offer arguments both for and against this concept, making a significant contribution to our understanding of the true face of ASEAN cities. The book brings together authors from around the world and will be of interest to a wide audience, including demographers, urban planners, geographers, sociologists, economists, civil servants and development consultants.
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... industrial estates, housing projects, and even golf courses in areas hitherto agricultural and rural. ... in which traditional agriculture is found side by side with modern factories, commercial activities, and suburban development.
Although virtually all planners agreed that high-rise commercial development, already well advanced, ... Interspersed between new towns, housing estates, and industrial zones were leisure developments: golf courses, ...
We can see this reflected in the growing proportion of the population engaged in non-agricultural occupations, the growth of industry and services, and the establishment of residential areas, industrial estates, etc.
and an increase in non-agricultural activity made up of industrial decentralization and direct industrial start-ups as a ... for some of their income exist side by side with golf courses, industrial estates, and squatter encampments.
Here, capital is deployed in an extraordinarily diverse set of ways: capital intensification in chicken rearing; subcontracting of production processes; industrial estates and upper-income housing estates; and so on.