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Domestic Programs and Activities Foster Grandparents The Foster Grandparent Program was created in 1965 and offers older men and women opportunities for close relationships with children having special or exceptional needs. It is an opportunity for older Americans to continue serving their communities and themselves in an active and meaningful capacity.

Foster Grandparents are low-income persons at least 60 years of age and come from various backgrounds. They receive both preservice orientation and inservice instruction. Volunteers serve 20 hours per week, receive a nontaxable stipend of $2.20 per hour, as well as provisions for reimbursement of travel costs, a meal each day they serve, accident and liability insurance coverage, and a yearly physical examination. Under certain conditions, nonstipended volunteers may be enrolled in the program.

Foster Grandparents serve in schools and hospitals for mentally retarded, disturbed, and handicapped children; in care centers, hospital wards, and corrections institutions; in homes for disadvantaged, dependent, or neglected children; and other settings within the community. An increased percentage of Foster Grandparents are being

encouraged to serve in settings dealing with literacy, drug abuse, and runaway youth, including some inhome placements.

The Foster Grandparents' main purpose is to help provide for the emotional, mental, and physical wellbeing of children by affording them close, personal, and continuing relations with an adult. They furnish a renewed sense of love and intimacy often missing in institutional environments. They also may assist in feeding and dressing the children, reading, playing games, telling them stories, and aiding in speech and physical therapy and other care-giving activities that tend to maximize the functional capabilities of these children.

For further information, call 202-634-9349. Retired Senior Volunteers The purpose of the Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) is to create a variety of significant opportunities for persons of retirement age to participate more fully in the life of their communities through volunteer service.

RSVP projects are planned, organized, and operated at the local level and developed under the auspices of an established organization able to generate local program and financial support.

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Volunteers must be at least 60 years of age and willing and able to serve on a regular basis. There are no income or educational restrictions. RSVP volunteers perform various services, according to community need and their own preferences, in a variety of settings, including schools, courts, and health care, rehabilitation, day care, youth, and other community centers. They also serve in outreach roles within their community. RSVP celebrates its 15th anniversary this year.

For further information, call 202-634-9353.

Senior Companions The Senior Companion Program provides meaningful part-time volunteer opportunities for lowincome, older persons to render, in a mutually beneficial relationship, supportive person-to-person services to adults, especially older people, with special needs in health-, education-, and welfare-related settings.

Under the sponsorship and supervision of an approved agency, the Senior Companion serves in and through a variety of settings such as hospitals, social service agencies, or home and health care agencies. Over 80 percent of the Senior Companions are serving older persons in their own homes in order to prevent or delay inappropriate institutionalization. Senior Companions receive the same benefits as Foster Grandparents for 20 hours of service per week. Under certain conditions, nonstipended volunteers may be enrolled in the program.

For further information, call 202–634–9349. Volunteers in Service to America The creation of Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) was authorized by Congress in 1964 to provide constructive opportunities for Americans to work on a full-time basis with locally sponsored projects designed to increase the capability of low-income people to improve the condition of their own lives. Volunteers are assigned to local sponsors, which may be Federal or State agencies or private, nonprofit organizations located in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,

and Guam. Volunteers serve for 1 year. More than half of the program's resources focus upon illiteracy, unemployment, hunger, and homelessness.

Volunteers live and work among the poor in urban or rural areas or on Indian reservations. They share their skills and experience in fields such as drug abuse prevention, education, literacy, runaway youth, refugee resettlement, community design, weatherization, economic development, and emergency food and shelter. Most volunteers are recruited locally for community projects. Thirty percent are low-income persons; about 20 percent are age 55 and over. A VISTA volunteer must be a resident of the United States or one of its territories. A physical disability does not disqualify a volunteer, providing placement can be made on a VISTA project.

Volunteers participate in orientation and training sessions conducted by ACTION and sponsor personnel at the beginning of and during VISTA service. Volunteers receive a basic subsistence allowance, which covers housing, food, and incidentals. Health insurance also is provided. An additional $75 a month is paid as a stipend upon completion of service.

For further information, call the Director, VISTA and Service Learning. Phone, 202-634-9445. Student Community Service Projects Student Community Service Projects are designed to encourage students to undertake volunteer service in their communities in such a way as to enhance the educational value of the service experience through participation in activities which address povertyrelated problems. Student volunteers must be enrolled in secondary, secondary vocational, or postsecondary schools on an in-school or out-of-school basis. They serve part-time and do not receive stipends.

The service opportunities must result in student volunteers gaining learning experiences through service in lowincome communities, whether or not they receive academic credit.

The intent of Student Community Service Projects is to join community, school, and youth in developing the scope and nature of volunteer experiences that serve the needs of impoverished communities while securing resources by which the effort can be continued and expanded, if needed, after Federal support ends.

Local communities determine what their problems are and how best to solve them. ACTION resources may be made available to assist in helping communities solve some of their problems through fostering student volunteer service. The community must generate increasing resources to enable the project to continue once ACTION grant funds are no longer provided. Technical assistance and training in project management, fundraising, and recruiting will be provided by ACTION as required.

For further information, contact the Student Community Service Projects. Phone, 202-6349424.

Program Demonstration and
Development Division

The programs in the Program
Demonstration and Development
Division (PDDD) were developed to
provide links at national, State, and local
levels among public and private
organizations to encourage volunteer
activity in solving social problems.
Demonstration Projects PDDD is
responsible for the development of
special emphasis and demonstration
programs that focus on certain areas of
concern where volunteers can make a
special contribution in ameliorating
human and social problems. These
volunteer demonstration programs test
models that, if successful, may form the
basis of the agency's programming or
may be adopted by the private sector
and State or local governments.
Drug Alliance Office The Office
coordinates the Agency's drug abuse
prevention and education activities,
awards grants that strengthen and expand
local volunteer activities combating drug
use among youth and the misuse of
prescription and over-the-counter drugs
by the elderly, provides training and

technical assistance, and conducts public awareness and education efforts. State Office of Voluntarism The Office provides grants through State offices to promote and coordinate voluntary participation in State and local government and public and private nonprofit organizations by fostering, developing, creating, and/or supporting offices of voluntarism at the State level. In 1987 two States were funded by ACTION with matching funds from the State.

Mini-Grants The Mini-Grant Program offers one-time, 1-year seed money grants to support volunteer projects and enhance volunteer activities that show potential for providing long-term solutions to community problems. All projects must show substantial local support and respond to funding priorities established and publicized yearly. The program offers access to nonprofit groups of small grants, up to $15,000, through streamlined procedures.

Technical Assistance The Technical Assistance Program provides referrals and technical resources to organizations that work with volunteers and occasionally provides funds for the development of training and technical assistance material.

Volunteer Efforts Government's

Involvement in Volunteer Efforts (GIVE) programs promote increased Federal employee voluntarism in nearly all Federal departments and agencies. National Volunteer Week National Volunteer Week, designated in April of each year by the President, promotes special recognition of volunteers and their achievements among Federal agencies, State and local governments, and private organizations that use volunteers nationwide. Public/Private Partnership The Public/Private Partnership Program has responsibility for the establishment of working relationships between ACTION and the private sector. The purpose of these relationships is to educate the public and to interest the private sector in meeting social needs through the generation of voluntary activity, financial support for volunteer organizations, the

establishment of creative partnerships between the corporate sector and the ACTION agency, the recruitment of volunteers by community organizations as enhanced through technical assistance for developing media-based efforts, and the use of current information processing systems.

For further information, contact the Program
Demonstration and Development Division.
Phone, 202-634-9757.

Sources of Information

In all cases, information or assistance may be obtained by directing inquiries to or contacting ACTION's Washington headquarters or any of its regional and recruiting offices. Frequently, information is available from local post offices. Address specific inquiries as indicated below.

Publications For general literature and recruitment material, write to the

Division of Public Affairs, ACTION,

Washington, DC 20525. Phone, 202634-9108.

Resource Center The Resource Center, including the library and computer databank, collects, processes, and disseminates information on ACTION policy and programs, national and Federal resources for voluntarism, legislation pertaining to voluntarism, and training for volunteers and administrators.

Volunteer Recruitment

Persons interested in volunteering for service in ACTION programs may

contact any regional office, or write to the ACTION program office, Washington, DC 20525.

RSVP/FGP/SCP Information may be obtained from ACTION regional offices, or by writing to ACTION/RSVP, ACTION/SCP, or ACTION/FGP, Washington, DC 20525.

NCSL Write ACTION/National Center for Service Learning, Washington, DC 20525.

For further information, contact the Office of the Director, ACTION, Washington, DC 20525. Phone, 202-634-9380.

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EDITH D. HAKola, William R.
M. SMITH, MArk Sullivan III,

[For the Administrative Conference of the United States statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 1, Part 301]

The purpose of the Administrative Conference is to develop improvements in the procedures by which Federal agencies administer regulatory, benefit, and other Government programs. As members of the Conference, agency heads, other Federal officials, private lawyers, university professors, and other experts in administrative law and government are provided with a forum in which they can conduct continuing studies of selected problems involving these administrative procedures and can combine their experience and judgment in cooperative efforts toward improving the fairness and effectiveness of such procedures.

The Administrative Conference of the United States was established as a permanent independent agency by the Administrative Conference Act (5 U.S.C. 571-576) enacted in 1964. The statutory provisions prescribing the organization and activities of the Conference are based in part upon the experience of two temporary Conferences called by the President in 1953 and 1961, each of which operated for 18 months.


The Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate for a 5year term. The Council, which is the executive board, consists of the Chairman and 10 other members appointed by the President for 3-year terms. Federal officials named to the Council may constitute no more than one-half of the total Council

membership. In addition to the Chairman and the other members of the Council, the membership of the Administrative Conference is composed of 44 high-level officials designated from 37 departments and agencies of the Federal Government (or their designees) and 36 private lawyers, university faculty members, and others specially informed in law and government. Members representing the private sector are appointed by the Chairman, with the approval of the Council, for 2-year terms. The Chairman

is the only full-time compensated member.

The entire membership is divided into six committees, each assigned a broad area of interest as follows: Adjudication, Administration, Governmental Processes, Judicial Review, Regulation, and

Rulemaking. The membership meeting in plenary session is called the Assembly of the Administrative Conference, which by statute must meet at least once, and customarily meets twice, each year.


Subjects for inquiry are developed by the Chairman, the Council, the committees, and the Assembly. The committees, with staff assistance, conduct thorough studies of these subjects, propose recommendations, and prepare

supporting reports. Recommendations are evaluated by the Council and, if ready for Assembly consideration, are distributed to the membership with the supporting reports and placed on the agenda of the next plenary session. The Assembly has complete authority to approve, amend, remand, or reject recommendations presented by the committees. The deliberations of the Assembly are public.

Although the Administrative Conference has the authority only to recommend changes in administrative procedures, the Chairman is authorized to encourage the departments and

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