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[For the Department of the Navy statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 32, Part 700]

The primary mission of the Department of the Navy is to protect the United States, as directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense, by the effective prosecution of war at sea including, with its Marine Corps component, the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases; to support, as required, the forces of all military departments of the United States; and to maintain freedom of the seas.

The United States Navy was founded on October 13, 1775, when Congress enacted the first legislation creating the Continental Navy of the American Revolution. The Department of the Navy and the Office of Secretary of the Navy were established by act of April 30, 1798 (10 U.S.C. 5011, 5031). For 9 years prior to that date, by act of August 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49), the conduct of naval affairs was under the Secretary of War.

The National Security Act Amendments of 1949 established the Department of Defense as an executive

department of the Federal Government, and provided that the Department of the Navy be a military department within the Department of Defense (63 Stat. 578).

The Secretary of the Navy is appointed by the President as the head of the Department of the Navy and is responsible to the Secretary of Defense for the operation and efficiency of the Navy (10 U.S.C. 5031).

The organization of the Department of the Navy is reflected in the organization chart and personnel listing. The Department of the Navy includes the U.S. Coast Guard when it is operating as a Service in the Navy.

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Office of the Secretary of the Navy

Secretary of the Navy

The Secretary of the Navy is the head of the Department of the Navy. Under the direction, authority, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Navy is responsible for the policies and control of the Department of the Navy, including its organization, administration, functioning, and efficiency. The members of the Secretary's executive administration assist in the discharge of the responsibilities of the Secretary of the Navy.

During the temporary absence of the Secretary of the Navy, the Under Secretary of the Navy is next in succession to act as the Secretary of the Navy. The Under Secretary functions as deputy and principal assistant to the Secretary, and acts with full authority of the Secretary in the general management of the Department.

Civilian Executive Assistants

The Civilian Executive Assistants to the Secretary are the principal advisers and assistants to the Secretary of the Navy on the administration of the affairs of the Department of the Navy as a whole and are assigned departmentwide responsibilities for areas essential to the efficient administration of the Department of the Navy.

The Civilian Executive Assistants to the Secretary of the Navy are the Under Secretary of the Navy, the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, and the General Counsel of the Navy. It is the policy of the Secretary to assign departmentwide responsibilities essential to the efficient administration of the Department of the Navy to the Civilian Executive Assistants.

Each Civilian Executive Assistant, within an assigned area of responsibility, is the principal adviser and assistant to the Secretary on the administration of the affairs of the Department of the Navy. The Civilian Executive Assistants carry out the duties in harmony with the statutory positions of the Chief of Naval Operations, who is the principal military adviser and executive to the Secretary

regarding naval matters, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, who is the principal military adviser and executive regarding Marine Corps matters. Each is authorized and directed to act for the Secretary within his assigned area of responsibility.

The Under Secretary of the Navy is designated as the deputy and principal assistant to the Secretary of the Navy to act with full authority of the Secretary in the general management of the

Department and to supervise the offices and organizations as assigned by the Secretary.

The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management) is the Comptroller of the Department of the Navy and is responsible for developing and maintaining policies, standards, and procedures for obtaining resources and operating financial systems throughout the Department to include budgeting, accounting, disbursing, financing, internal review, and statistical reporting. The ASN(FM) is additionally responsible for information resource management encompassing Automated Data Processing (ADP), reproduction, printing, forms, and mail. Excluded is the management of ADP related to strategic and tactical military systems aboard ships, aircraft, and shore stations.

The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) is responsible for the overall supervision of manpower and reserve component affairs of the Department, including policy and administration of affairs related to military (active and inactive) and civilian personnel, and supervision of offices and organizations as assigned by the Secretary, specifically the Naval Council of Personnel Boards and the Board for Correction of Naval Records.

The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Shipbuilding and Logistics) is responsible for all stages of the acquisition of naval ships funded by the appropriation "Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy;" all Department of the Navy acquisition programs following full-scale production

decision (Milestone III); the business, contractual, manpower, and logistic support aspects of the Department's acquisition programs, including policy and administration of affairs related thereto; the maintenance, alteration, supply, distribution, and disposal of material; all transportation matters; the acquisition, construction, utilization, improvement, alteration, maintenance, and disposal of real estate and facilities, including capital equipment, utilities, housing, and public quarters; industrial preparedness planning; labor relations with respect to contractors with the Department of the Navy; industrial security; the Mutual Defense Assistance Program as related to the supplying of material, including foreign military sales; and supervision of offices and organizations as assigned by the Secretary.

The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Engineering and Systems) is responsible for all matters related to research, development, engineering, test, and evaluation efforts within the Department, including management of the appropriation, "Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Navy;" oceanography, ocean engineering, and closely related matters; the technical aspects of production management and maintenance or alteration of material; Navy acquisition programs through the full-scale production decision (Milestone III), including policy and administration of affairs related thereto, with the exception of the acquisition of naval ships funded by the appropriation "Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy;" and supervision of offices and organizations as assigned by the Secretary.

The General Counsel provides legal advice, counsel, and guidance to the Secretary of the Navy and the other Civilian Executive Assistants and their staffs on any issue or matter involving the Department of the Navy. The General Counsel provides legal services relating to: general legal issues, litigation, business and commercial law, real and personal property, civilian personnel law, patent law, and procurement of services, including the fiscal, budgetary, and

accounting aspects for the Navy and the Marine Corps.

The Staff Assistants

The Staff Assistants to the Secretary of the Navy are the Auditor General of the Navy, the Chief of Information, the Chief of Legislative Affairs, the Director, Office of Program Appraisal, Inspector General, and the heads of such other offices and boards as may be established by law or by the Secretary for the purpose of assisting the Secretary or one or more of the Civilian Executive Assistants in the administration of the Department of the Navy. Each supervises all functions and activities internal to that office and assigned shore activities, if any. Each is responsible to the Secretary or to one of the Civilian Executive Assistants for the utilization of resources by, and the operating efficiency of, all activities under their supervision. The duties of the individual Staff Assistants and their respective offices are provided by law or assigned by the Secretary.

Research and Technology The Office of Naval Research, established by act of August 1, 1946 (10 U.S.C. 5150–5153), is headed by the Chief of Naval Research, who is appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and who is authorized to act for the Secretary of the Navy on all assigned matters. Since that time, additional functions and

responsibilities have been assigned to the Chief of Naval Research. To preserve the intent of the law that established the Office and to achieve optimum integration of resources for basic research and exploratory development, all headquarters management functions have been incorporated into one office now known as the Office of the Chief of Naval Research.

The Office of the Chief of Naval Research includes two lead offices: the Office of Naval Research and the Office of Naval Technology. The Chief of Naval Research is responsible for the Department of Navy Research (6.1) and Exploratory Development (6.2) Programs. The Chief of Naval Research is

responsible to the Secretary of the Navy through the Assistant Secretary (Research, Engineering and Systems) and is a principal adviser to the latter. The Chief of Naval Research is also responsible for:

-providing leadership, management, and direction to the Department of Navy research and exploratory development programs and other research,

development, technology, and equipment programs assigned to and conducted by the Office of the Chief of Naval Research;

-developing and formulating viable and responsive naval research and technology requirements based on current and projected Navy and Marine Corps long-range objectives and considerations of national security; and -coordinating naval research and promoting cooperative research efforts within the Department of the Navy with other elements of the Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of Energy, and other government research groups. The Office of Naval Research also conducts research in conjunction with the research and development conducted by other Department of Navy activities, coordinates the Naval Basic Research Program, and conducts a contract management program with educational institutions in support of all Federal agencies.

The Office of Naval Technology, established in October 1980, manages the Department of Navy's Exploratory Development (6.2) Program, assessing, planning, programming, budgeting, directing, and monitoring the program, and manages the oversight activities in regard to the Industrial Independent Research and Development Program.

Office of Naval Research Detachments are located in Bay St. Louis, Boston, and Pasadena. A branch office is located in London, England. Other field activities are: the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC; the Naval Biosciences Laboratory, Oakland, CA; the Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility, Monterey, CA; the Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity,

NSTL, MS; and the Office of Naval Research Liaison Office in the Far East. In addition, the Office of Naval Research has resident representatives in geographical areas containing extensive research activity.

(Office of the Chief of Naval Research, Ballston Tower No. 1, 800 N. Quincy Street, Arlington, VA 22217-5000. Phone, 202-696-4258.)

Inspector General The duties of the Naval Inspector General are specified by 10 U.S.C. 5020. The Naval Inspector General, who is detailed from officers on active duty in the line and serving in the grade above Captain, inquires into and reports upon any matter that affects the discipline or military efficiency of the Department of the Navy and makes such inspections, investigations, and reports as the Secretary of the Navy or the Chief of Naval Operations directs. The Naval Inspector General cooperates fully with the Inspector General of the Department of Defense in connection with the performance of any duty or function by the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under 5 U.S.C. app. 2 and recommends additional inspections and investigations as may appear appropriate.

(Naval Inspector General, Building 200 Washington Navy Yard, Washington, DC 203742001. Phone, 202-433-2000.)

Judge Advocate General The Judge Advocate General is the senior officer of the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the Navy and is the Commander of the Naval Legal Service Command. The Judge Advocate General supervises the administration of military justice throughout the Navy, performs the functions required or authorized by the Uniform Code of Military Justice, provides technical supervision for the Naval Justice School at Newport, RI, and has responsibility for such legal duties and services throughout the Department of the Navy as are not provided by the General Counsel of the Navy. The Judge Advocate General maintains a close working relationship with the General Counsel on all matters of common interest and has responsibility for liaison

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