Strengthening the Effectiveness of Aid: Lessons for Donors

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World Bank Publications, 1995 M01 1 - 41 pages
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Living Standards Measurement Study No. 115. Estimates the incidence, characteristics, and patterns of change over time of illiteracy in Morocco. Improving the quality of information on literacy and understanding its relationship to important social and economic behaviors and outcomes is essential for the design of policies and programs aimed at reducing illiteracy. In Morocco, the incidence of illiteracy is still very high, and the government is determined to reduce it. This study estimates the incidence, characteristics, and patterns of change over time of illiteracy in this North African nation to identify where the need for intervention is greatest and to develop proper methods for evaluating program effectiveness. The authors compare the results from direct literacy assessment with the conventional methods of self-reported literacy. This effort provides detailed, objective information with which patterns of literacy skills may be determined and their relationship to other important social and economic behaviors and outcomes analyzed. It also provides an opportunity to examine thoroughly the reliability and validity of common proxy indicators used to estimate literacy rates and skill levels.

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Page 4 - Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa...
Page 9 - Official development assistance (ODA) consists of net disbursements of loans and grants made on concessional financial terms by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to promote economic development and welfare.
Page 21 - Full and frank exchanges of pertinent information on on-going and planned activities among donors, and between donors and recipients, are essential to the successful co-ordination and effective use of aid.
Page 21 - Effective participation both in the policy dialogue and in aid programming at the local level will be facilitated by the presence of policy-oriented staff stationed in recipient countries in which individual members have major aid interest.
Page ix - Bilateral and multilateral donors— including the World Bank-invest substantial resources and considerable effort in these goals. It is essential that such assistance be provided and used effectively. But measuring effectiveness is not easy, and often the fundamental objectives of development compete with other political and commercial criteria. The end of the cold war and the global transitions that have occurred over the past five years offer donors a real opportunity to concentrate on improving...
Page 19 - ... in the consultations preceding Consultative Group and Round Table meetings making use of local groups where possible; such participation is essential to ensure the emergence of a genuine consensus on recipient country development policies and programmes. - Revising the format of Consultative Group meetings to facilitate more frank and substantive exchanges of views on key policy issues and problems; more careful review of recipient investment plans with a sharper focus on sectoral policies and...
Page 6 - Governments and beneficiaries do not feel they have a stake when they have not contributed to the development of a program. Furthermore, "home-grown" programs may be more effective in incorporating institutional capacity, reflecting the needs of different domestic constituencies, and addressing constraints.
Page 19 - While effective action to streamline the administration of aid will not be easy, they will seek opportunities to harmonize and simplify the requirements they exact from recipient governments, especially by making greater use of studies and reports already prepared by others or worked out by an agreed lead agency. This may entail modifications to legislative and administrative requirements.
Page 21 - Developing countries need well designed policies and carefully appraised investment and expenditure programs for effective and coordinated use of both their national and external resources.
Page 13 - Recent evaluations of countries that have used their aid resources effectively strongly suggest that "a well-staffed and centrally located aid coordination unit, in regular contact with sector departments OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL BOX 21.

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