Ethics, Equity, and International Negotiations on Climate Change

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Luiz Pinguelli Rosa, Mohan Munasinghe
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002 M01 1 - 181 pages
"Greenhouse gas emissions are widely considered to be the ultimate environmental externality and consequently a topic of great contemporary concern. This treatment of the important issues will be welcomed by climate change negotiators, policymakers,

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Contents

an overview
1
2 Equity responsibility and climate change
7
3 Equity and climate change
36
4 Analysing ethics equity and climate change in the sustainomics transdisciplinary framework
47
equity additionality supplementarity
102
6 Ethics equity and the Convention on Climate Change
137
7 The ethics of international emissions trading
159
Index
179
Copyright

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Page 36 - All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Page 17 - In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.
Page 164 - The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
Page 133 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 17 - Parties should take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and mitigate its adverse effects, where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing such measures, taking into account that policies and measures to deal with climate change should be cost-effective so as to ensure global benefits at the lowest possible cost.
Page 17 - Acknowledging that change in the Earth's climate and its adverse effects are a common concern of humankind...
Page 36 - The right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations.
Page 17 - Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs...
Page 19 - The extent to which developing country Parties will effectively implement their commitments under this Convention will depend on the effective implementation by developed country Parties of their commitments under this Convention related to financial resources and transfer of technology...
Page 18 - Convention, recognizing that the return by the end of the present decade to earlier levels of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol would contribute to such modification, and taking into account the differences in these Parties...

About the author (2002)

An outstanding authority and author in energy economics and international development, Mohan Munasinghe received his undergraduate education in engineering at Cambridge University and went on to McGill University, receiving a Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 1973. He then turned his attention to economics, receiving an M.A. at Concordia College (Montreal) in 1975. Since that year, he has been division chief for environmental policy at the World Bank in Washington, D.C. His work at the World Bank has related to projects in developing countries concerning energy, electricity, transportation, water, urban infrastructures, and telecommunications. He has been a prolific author, writing nearly 200 technical papers and numerous books and monographs. In addition, Munasinghe has been active in the affairs of his native country, Sri Lanka, where he has served as senior energy advisor to the president, a board member of the Natural Resources, Energy, and Science Authority, governor of the Arthur Clarke Center for Modern Technologies, and founder of the Energy Managers Association. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka, the Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK), and the Institute of Engineers of Sri Lanka. Munasinghe's honors include the Surha Gold Medal, 1985 (Lions International); International Award, 1987 (International Association of Energy Economists); and the Prize for Outstanding Contribution, 1988 (Fifth Latin American and Caribbean Conference on Power and Energy).

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