Social Protection Sector Strategy: From Safety Net to Springboard
At the beginning of the new century, it is clear that while individual social programs can improve people's welfare and reduce poverty, a more holistic approach is needed in order to lift more people in the developing world out of poverty. This Social Protection Strategy paper reflects this understanding and uses 'social risk management' as an important conceptual framework for the World Bank's work in this sector. 'Social Protection Sector Strategy' is the first World Bank Strategy Paper for the social protection sector, at the time, one of the World Bank's youngest sectors. This paper highlights the need to expand the definition of social protection to encompass all public interventions that help individuals, households, and communities to manage risk or provide support to the critically poor. It recommends that social protection programs be embedded in an integrated approach to poverty reduction based on a new framework for social risk management.
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Page 1950 - We commit ourselves to promoting social integration by fostering societies that are stable, safe and just and that are based on the promotion .and protection of all human rights, as well as on non-discrimination, tolerance, respect for diversity, equality of opportunity, solidarity, security, and participation of all people, including disadvantaged and vulnerable groups and persons...
Page 1956 - What is it that distinguishes the thousands of years of history from what we think of as modern times? . . . the revolutionary idea that defines the boundary between modern times and the past is the mastery of risk; the notion that the future is more than a whim of the gods and that men and women are not passive before nature.
Page 1967 - Dynamic Risk Management and the Poor: Developing a Social Protection Strategy for Africa (April 2001).
Page 1999 - WORLD BANK (2000) Dynamic risk management and the poor: Developing a social protection strategy for Africa (draft), Human Development Group, Africa Region, Washington, BC: The World Bank.
Page 1954 - Bank's client countties and have, hy and large, heen effective. However, as the world has evolved, so has the need for the World Bank ro modify its approach ro social prorection.
Page 1997 - Gerting an Earful: A Review of Beneficiary Assessments of Social Funds.
Page 1958 - The sources of tisk may he natural (tor example, floods) or the result of human activity (for example, inflation resulting from economic polio-); tisks can he uncotrelared (idiosynctaric) or cotrelared among individuals (covatiant), over time (repeared), or with orher tisks (hunched).
Page 1959 - Since many of the tisks faced hy poor people are covatiant in nature, informal management mechanisms at the family or community level are typically nor very effective.
Page 1942 - Removing children from school is a common coping mechanism for poor households, hut it endangets the long-rerm porential of the children.