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TABLE 4.- DURATION AND SEQUENCE OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FOR TEST 4, IN MINUTES—Continued
[42 CFR part 84, subpart H]
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per
30 times in 2 30 times in 2 30 times in 2 60 times in 5 60 times in 5 60 times in 5
minutes. minutes. minutes. minutes. minutes. minutes.
1 time in 1 1 time in 1 2 times in 3 4 times in 8
minute. minute. minutes. minutes.
1 time in 1 1 time in 1 2 times in 3 4 times in 6 6 times in 9
minutes. minutes. minutes.
15 times in 1 60 times in 5 30 times in 2 36 times in 3
minute. minutes. minutes.
minutes. Sampling and readings
2 2 2
2 Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per 1
60 times in 5 60 times in 5
(3 miles) per hour.
Subpart Gas Masks
$84.110 Gas masks; description.
(a) Gas masks including all completely assembled air purifying masks designed for use as respiratory protection during entry into atmospheres not immediately dangerous to life health or escape only from hazardous atmospheres containing adequate oxygen to support life are described as follows:
(1) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas mask. A gas mask which consists of a full facepiece, a breathing tube, a canister at the front or back, a canister harness, and associated connections.
(2) Chin-style gas mask. A gas mask which consists of a full facepiece, a canister which is usually attached to the facepiece, and associated connections.
(3) Escape gas mask. A gas mask designed for use during escape only from hazardous atmospheres which consists of a facepiece or mouthpiece, a canister, and associated connections.
(b) Gas masks shall be further described according to the types of gases or vapors against which they are designed to provide respiratory protection, as follows:
1 Approval may be for acid gases or organic vapors as a class or for specific acid gases or organic vapors.
2 Not for use against gases or vapors with poor warning properties (except where MSHA or Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards permit such use for a specific gas or vapor), or those which generate high heats or reaction with sorbent materials in the canister.
3 Use of the gas mask may be limited by factors such as lower explosive limit, toxicological effects, and facepiece fit. Limitations on gas mask service life and sorbent capacity limitations shall be specified by the applicant in instructions for selection, use and maintenance of the gas mask.
4 Eye protection may be required in certain concentrations of gases and vapors.
(c) Gas masks for respiratory protection against gases and vapors other than those specified in paragraph (b) of this section, may be approved upon submittal of an application in writing for approval to the Certification and Quality Assurance Branch listing the gas or vapor and suggested maximum use concentration for the specific type of gas mask. The Institute will consider the application and accept or reject it on the basis of effect on the wearer's health and safety and any field experience in use of gas masks for such exposures. If the application is accepted, the Institute will test such masks in accordance with the requirements of this subpart.
Type of front
mounted or back-mounted gas mask: Acid gas123 Ammonia Carbon monoxide Organic Vapor 1 2 3 Other gas(es) and vapor(s) 1 2 3 Combination of two or more of the above gases
and vapors.123 Combination of acid gas, ammonia, carbon mon
oxide, and organic vapors. 1 2 3 Type of chin-style gas mask:
Acid gas 1 2 3
and vapors. 1 2 3
Acid gas 1 2 3 4
8 84.111 Gas masks; required compo
nents. (a) Each gas mask described in 8 84.110 shall, where its design requires, contain the following component parts:
(1) Facepiece or mouthpiece and noseclip;
(2) Canister or cartridge;
(b) The components of each gas mask shall meet the minimum construction requirements set forth in subpart G of this part.
$84.112 Canisters and cartridges in
parallel; resistance requirements. Where two or more canisters or cartridges are used in parallel, their resistance to airflow shall be essentially equal.
8 84.116 Harnesses; installation and
construction; minimum require
ments. (a) Each gas mask shall, where necessary, be equipped with a suitable harness designed and constructed to hold the components of the gas mask in position against the wearer's body.
(b) Harnesses shall be designed and constructed to permit easy removal and replacement of gas mask parts, and where applicable, provide for holding a full facepiece in the ready position when not in use.
$ 84.113 Canisters and cartridges;
color and markings; requirements. The color and markings of all canisters and cartridges or labels shall conform with the requirements of the American National Standards Institute, American National Standard for Identification of Air-Purifying Respirator Canisters and Cartridges, ANSI K13.1-1973. ANSI K13.1 is incorporated by reference and has been approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be obtained from American National Standards Institute, Inc., 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018. Copies may be inspected at the NIOSH, Certification and Quality Assurance Branch, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505–2888, or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW., suite 700, Washington, DC.
884.117 Gasmask containers; min
imum requirements. (a) Gas masks shall be equipped with a substantial, durable container bearing markings which show the applicant's name, the type and commercial designation of mask it contains and all appropriate approval labels.
(b) Containers for gas masks shall be designed and constructed to permit easy removal of the mask.
$84.118 Half-mask facepieces, full
facepieces, and mouthpieces; fit;
minimum requirements. (a) Half-mask facepieces and full facepieces shall be designed and constructed to fit persons with various facial shapes and sizes either:
(1) By providing more than one facepiece size; or
(2) By providing one facepiece size which will fit varying facial shapes and sizes.
(b) Full facepieces shall provide for optional use of corrective spectacles or lenses, which shall not reduce the respiratory protective qualities of the gas mask.
(c) Half-mask facepieces shall not interfere with the fit of common industrial safety spectacles, as determined by the Institute's facepiece tests in $ 84.124.
(d) Gas masks with mouthpieces shall be equipped with noseclips which are securely attached to the mouthpiece or gas mask and provide an airtight seal.
(e) Facepieces shall be designed to prevent eyepiece fogging.
884.115 Breathing tubes; minimum re
quirements. Flexible breathing tubes used in conjunction with gas masks shall be designed and constructed to prevent:
(a) Restriction of free head movement;
(b) Disturbance of the fit of facepieces or mouthpieces;
(c) Interference with the wearer's activities; and
(d) Shutoff of airflow due to kinking, or from chin or arm pressure.
$84.119 Facepieces; eyepieces; min. designed and constructed to prevent inimum requirements.
ward leakage of contaminated air. (a) Full facepieces shall be designed and constructed to provide adequate vi
8 84.121 Head harnesses; minimum resion which is not distorted by the eye.
quirements. (b) All eyepieces shall be designed (a) Facepieces shall be equipped with and constructed to be impact and pene- adjustable and replaceable head hartration resistant. Federal Specifica- nesses, designed and constructed to tion, Mask, Air Line: and Respirator, provide adequate tension during use Air Filtering, Industrial, GGG-M-1250, and an even distribution of pressure October 11, 1965 with interim amend
over the entire area in contact with ment-1, July 30, 1969, is an example of
the face. an appropriate standard for deter
(b) Mouthpieces shall be equipped, mining impact and penetration resistance. Copies of GGG-M-125d may be ob
where applicable, with adjustable and tained from the NIOSH, Certification
replaceable harnesses designed and and Quality Assurance Branch, 1095
constructed to hold the mouthpiece in Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV
$ 84.122 Breathing resistance test; min8 84.120 Inhalation and exhalation
imum requirements. valves; minimum requirements.
(a) Resistance to airflow will be (a) Inhalation and exhalation valves measured in the facepiece or mouthshall be provided where necessary and piece of a gas mask mounted on protected against damage and distor
breathing machine both before and tion.
after each test conducted in accordance (b) Inhalation valves shall be de
with 88 84.124, 84.125, and 84.126, with air signed and constructed to prevent ex
flowing at a continuous rate of 85 liters cessive exhaled air from adversely af
per minute. fecting cartridges, canisters, and fil
(b) The maximum allowable resistters. (c) Exhalation valves shall be pro
ance requirements for gas masks are as
follows: tected against external influence, and
Type of gas mask
Front-mounted or back-mounted (without particulate filter)
Measured at end of the service lite specified in Tables 5, 6, and 7 of this subpart.
8 84.123 Exhalation valve leakage test.
(a) Dry exhalation valves and valve seats will be subjected to a suction of 25 mm. water-column height while in a normal operating position.
(b) Leakage between the valve and valve seat shall not exceed 30 milliliters per minute.
$ 84.124 Facepiece tests; minimum re
quirements. (a) The complete gas mask will be fitted to the faces of persons having varying facial shapes and sizes.
(b) Where the applicant specifies a facepiece size or sizes for the gas mask, together with the approximate measurements of faces they are designed to fit, the Institute will insure that test
subjects suit such facial measurements.
(c) Any gas mask parts which must be removed to perform the facepiece or mouthpiece fit test shall be replaceable without special tools and without disturbing the facepiece or mouthpiece fit.
(d) The facepiece or mouthpiece fit test, using positive or negative pressure recommended by the applicant and described in his instructions will be used before each test specified in paragraph (e) of this section, and in $84.125.
(e)(1) Each wearer will enter a chamber containing 100 p.p.m. isoamyl acetate vapor for a half-mask facepiece and 1,000 p.p.m. isoamyl acetate vapor for a full facepiece or mouthpiece.
(2) The facepiece or mouthpiece may be adjusted, if necessary, in the test chamber before starting the tests.
(3) Each wearer will remain in the chamber for 8 minutes while performing the following activities:
(i) Two minutes, nodding and turning head;
(ii) Two minutes, calisthenic arm movements;
(iii) Two minutes, running in place; and
(iv) Two minutes, pumping with a tire pump into a 28 liter (1 cubic foot) container.
(4) Each wearer shall not detect the odor of isoamyl acetate during the test.
phere at 50–5 percent relative humidity and room temperature (25+2.5 °C.) to enter the canister continuously at concentrations and rates of flow specified in Tables 5, 6, and 7 of this subpart.
(2) Three canisters will be removed from containers and tested as received from the applicant.
(3) Two canisters, other than those described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, will be equilibrated at room temperature by passing 25 percent relative humidity air through them at 64 liters per minute for 6 hours.
(4) Two canisters, other than those described in paragraphs (a) (2) and (3) of this section, will be equilibrated at room temperature by passing 85 percent relative humidity air through them at 64 liters per minute for 6 hours.
(5) The equilibrated canisters will be resealed, kept in an upright position at room temperature, and tested within 18 hours.
(b) Front-mounted and back-mounted gas mask canisters will be tested and shall meet the minimum requirements set forth in Table 5 of this subpart.
(c)(1) Front-mounted, and backmounted, and chin-style canisters designated as providing respiratory protection against gases, ammonia, organic vapors, carbon monoxide and particulate contaminants shall have a window or other indicator to warn the gas mask wearer when the canister will no longer satisfactorily remove carbon monoxide from the inhaled air.
(2) Other types of front- and backmounted canisters may also
be equipped with a window or other indicator to warn of imminent leakage of other gases or vapors.
(3) The window indicator canisters will be tested as regular canisters, but shall show a satisfactory indicator change or other warning before the allowable canister penetration has occurred.
(d) Chin-style gas mask canisters shall meet the minimum requirements set forth in Table 6 of this subpart.
(e) Escape gas mask canisters shall meet the minimum requirements set forth in Table 7 of this subpart.