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sample shall not contain more than 1.5 percent carbon dioxide at any time.

Test Method for Measuring Carbon Dioxide in the Inspired Air of Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus, 1966. Copies of Report of Investigations 6865 may be inspected or obtained from the NIOSH, Certification and Quality Assurance Branch, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV. 26505–2888.

(2) The breathing rate will be 14.5 respirations per minute with a minutevolume of 10.5 liters.

(3) A sedentary breathing machine cam will be used.

(4) The apparatus will be tested at a temperature of 27 +2° C. (80 + 5° F.).

(5) A concentration of 5 percent carbon dioxide in air will be exhaled into the facepiece.

(b) Closed-circuit apparatus. The concentration of carbon dioxide in inspired gas in closed-circuit apparatus will be measured at the mouth while the parts of the apparatus contributing to deadair space are mounted on a dummy head and operated by the breathing machine as in paragraphs (a) (1) through (5) of this section.

(c) During the testing required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, the concentration of carbon dioxide in inspired gas at the mouth will be continuously recorded, and the maximum average concentration during the inhalation portion of the breathing cycle shall not exceed the following limits:

8 84.98 Tests during low temperature

operation. (a) The applicant shall specify the minimum temperature for safe operation and two persons will perform the tests described in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section, wearing the apparatus according to applicant's directions. At the specified temperature, the apparatus shall meet all the requirements described in paragraph (e) of this section.

(b) The apparatus will be precooled at the specified minimum temperature for 4 hours.

(c) The apparatus will be worn in the low temperature chamber for 30 minutes, or for the service time of the apparatus, whichever is less.

(d) During the test period, alternate 1-minute periods of exercise and rest will be required with the exercise periods consisting of stepping onto and off a box 21.5 cm. (842 inches) high at a rate of 30 cycles per minute.

(e)(1) The apparatus shall function satisfactorily at the specified minimum temperature on duplicate tests.

(2) The wearer shall have sufficient unobscured vision to perform the work.

(3) The wearer shall not experience undue discomfort because of airflow restriction or other physical or chemical changes in the operation of the apparatus.

(f) Auxiliary low-temperature parts which are commercially available to the user may be used on the apparatus to meet the requirements described in paragraph (e) of this section. $84.99 Man tests; testing conditions;

general requirements. (a) The man tests described in Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this subpart represent the workload performed in the mining, mineral, or allied industries by a person wearing the apparatus tested.

(b) The apparatus tested will be worn by Institute personnel trained in the use of self-contained breathing apparatus, and the wearer will, before participating in these tests, pass a physical examination conducted by a qualified physician.

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(d) In addition to the test requirements for closed-circuit apparatus set forth in paragraph (b) of this section, gas samples will be taken during the course of the man tests described in Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this subpart. These gas samples will be taken from the closed-circuit apparatus at a point downstream of the carbon dioxide sorbent, and they shall not contain more than 0.5 percent carbon dioxide at any time, except on apparatus for escape only, using a mouthpiece only, the

(c) All man tests will be conducted by the Institute.

(d) The apparatus will be examined before each man test to ensure that it is in proper working order.

(e) Breathing resistance will be measured within the facepiece or mouthpiece and the wearer's pulse and respiration rate will be recorded during each 2 minute sample period prescribed in tests 1, 2, 3, and 4.

(f) Man tests 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 will be conducted in duplicate.

(g) If man tests are not completed through no fault of the apparatus, the test will be repeated.

piece shall be taken once every 15 minutes, and shall meet the minimum requirement for oxygen specified in $ 84.79(a), and the maximum allowable average concentration of carbon dioxide specified in $ 84.97(c).

(d) One sample of inspiration will be taken in the case of 3-, 5-, and 10minute apparatus.

884.102 Man test 6; requirements.

(a) Man test 6 will be conducted with respect to liquefied breathing gas apparatus only.

(b) This test will be conducted to evaluate operation of the apparatus in other than vertical positions.

(c) The wearer will lie face downward for one-fourth the service life of the apparatus with a full charge of liquefied breathing gas, and then a one-quarter full charge of liquefied breathing gas.

(d) The test will be repeated with the wearer lying on each side and on his back.

(e) The oxygen content of the gas supplied to the wearer by the apparatus will be continuously measured.

$ 84.100 Man tests 1, 2, 3, and 4; re

quirements. Man tests 1, 2, 3, and 4, set forth in Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this subpart, respectively, prescribe the duration and sequence of specific activities. These tests will be conducted to

(a) Familiarize the wearer with the apparatus during use;

(b) Provide for a gradual increase in activity;

(c) Evaluate the apparatus under different types of work and physical orientation, and

(d) Provide information on the operating and breathing characteristics of the apparatus during actual use. 8 84.101 Man test 5; requirements.

(a) Test 5 will be conducted to determine the maximum length of time the apparatus will supply the respiratory needs of the wearer while he is sitting at rest.

(b) The wearer will manipulate the devices controlling the supply of breathing gas to the advantage of the apparatus.

(c) Samples of inspiration from within the apparatus facepiece or mouth

8 84.103 Man tests; performance re

quirements. (a) The apparatus shall satisfy the respiratory requirements of the wearer for the classified service time.

(b) Fogging of the eyepiece shall not obscure the wearer's vision, and the wearer shall not experience undue discomfort because of fit or other characteristics of the apparatus.

(c) When the ambient temperature during testing is 24+6 °C. (75+10 °F.), the maximum temperature of inspired air recorded during man tests shall not exceed the following, after correction for deviation from 24 °C. (75 °F.):

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Where service life of apparatus is

V4 hour or less
14 hour to Y4 hour

1 to 2 hours

3 hours

138

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"Where percent relative humidity is 50–100 and apparatus is designed for escape only, these maximum permissible temperatures will be increased by 5°C (10°F).

8 84.104 Gas tightness test; minimum

requirements. (a) Each apparatus will be tested for tightness by persons wearing it in an atmosphere of 1,000 p.p.m. isoamyl acetate.

(b) Six persons will each wear the apparatus in the test concentrations specified in paragraph (a) of this section for 2 minutes and none shall detect the odor or taste of the test vapor.

TABLES TO SUBPART H OF PART 84

TABLE 1.- DURATION AND SEQUENCE OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FOR TEST 1, IN MINUTES

(42 CFR part 84, subpart H]

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TABLE 2.-DURATION AND SEQUENCE OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FOR TEST 2, IN MINUTES

(42 CFR part 84, subpart H]

Service time

5 minutes

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Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Carries 23 kg. (50 pound) weight over overcast

1 1 time in 2 minutes

2
1
1 time in 2

minutes.

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1

1

1 1

3

1 1

Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Climbs vertical treadmill 2 (or equivalent)
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Climbs vertical treadmill (or equivalent)
Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Climbs vertical treadmill (or equivalent)
Carries 23 kg. (50 pound) weight over overcast

2
10.
5 times in 10 min-

utes.
5.
1.
5
1.
2.
11.
1.
5 times in 10 min-

utes.
2.

1 1 time in 2 minutes

1 3 times in 6

minutes.

1
4 times in 8

minutes.
2
3
1

1
5 times in 10

minutes.
2
3
1

2

Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Climbs vertical treadmill (or equivalent)

1

3 1

1

Then repeat

above activities once.

2

3.

Activity

3 minutes

Sampling and readings

Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Sampling and readings

Activity

3 minutes

Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Climbs vertical treadmill (or equivalent)

1

2

Carries 20 kg. (45 pound) weight and walks at 4.8

2
Sampling and readings

1 Total test time for Test 2 for 2-hour, 3-hour, and 4-hour apparatus is 2 hours.
2 Treadmill shall be inclined 15° from vertical and operated at a speed of 1 foot per second.

2

1 2

4 2

TABLE 3.-DURATION AND SEQUENCE OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FOR TEST 3, IN MINUTES

(42 CFR part 84, subpart H]

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Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Runs at 9.7 km. (6 miles) per hour
Pulls 20 kg. (45 pound) weight to 5 feet

1 1

2
1
1
30 times in 2

minutes.
2

8. NN

11
15 times in 1

minute.
1/21
1/21

1

2
2
1
30 times in 2

minutes.

2
1
30 times in 2

minutes.
3
2

2
3
1
60 times in 6

minutes.
5
3

1 1

NNN

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Lies on side
Lies on back
Crawls on hands and knees
Sampling and readings
Runs at 9.7 km. (6 miles) per hour
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Pulls 20 kg. (45 pound) weight to 5 feet

NNWON

567

8 NNW

1

30 times in 2

minutes.

60 times in 6

minutes.

1
8
60 times in 6

minutes.
2
4
2

10
60 times in 6

minutes.
2
10
4

1

3

Sampling and readings
Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour
Lies on side
Lies on back
Sampling and readings

Total test time for Test 3 for 2-hour, 3-hour, and 4-hour apparatus is 2 hours.
2 Perform test No. 3 for 1 hr. apparatus; then perform test No. 1 for 1 hour apparatus.

2

2

TABLE 4.-DURATION AND SEQUENCE OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES FOR TEST 4, IN MINUTES

[42 CFR part 84, subpart H]

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km. (3 miles) per hour. Walks at 4.8 km. (3 miles) per hour

183-165 D-99--19

Activity

Activity

3 minutes

hour. Climbs vertical treadmill 1 (or

equivalent).

1

1

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