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$71.3 Designation of yellow fever vac- Subpart B-Measures at Foreign cination centers; Validation stamps.
Ports (a) Designation of yellow fever vaccination centers. (1) The Director is respon
$71.11 Bills of health. sible for the designation of yellow fever A carrier at any foreign port clearing vaccination centers authorized to issue
or departing for any U.S. port shall not certificates of vaccination. This re
be required to obtain or deliver a bill of sponsibility is delegated by the Direc
health. tor to a State or territorial health department with respect to yellow fever
Subpart C-Notice of Commuvaccination activities of non-Federal
nicable Disease Prior to Armedical, public health facilities, and licensed physicians functioning within
rival the respective jurisdictions of a State or territorial health department. Des
871.21 Radio report of death or illness. ignation may be made upon application (a) The master of a ship destined for and presentation of evidence satisfac- a U.S. port shall report immediately to tory to a State or territorial health de- the quarantine station at or nearest partment that the applicant has ade- the port at which the ship will arrive, quate facilities and professionally the occurrence, on board, of any death trained personnel for the handling, or any ill person among passengers or storage, and administration of a safe, crew (including those who have dispotent, and pure yellow fever vaccine. embarked or have been removed) durMedical facilities of Federal agencies ing the 15-day period preceding the are authorized to obtain yellow fever date of expected arrival or during the vaccine without being designated as a period since departure from a U.S. port yellow fever vaccination center by the (whichever period of time is shorter). Director.
(b) The commander of an aircraft des(2) A designated yellow fever vaccina- tined for a U.S. airport shall report imtion center shall comply with the in- mediately to the quarantine station at struction issued by the Director or by a or nearest the airport at which the airdelegated officer or employee of a craft will arrive, the occurrence, on State or territorial health department board, of any death or ill person among for the handling, storage, and adminis- passengers or crew. tration of yellow fever vaccine. If a (c) In addition to paragraph (a) of designated center fails to comply with this section, the master of a ship carsuch instruction, after notice to the rying 13 or more passengers must recenter, the Director or, for non-Federal port by radio 24 hours before arrival centers, a State or territorial health the number of cases (including zero) of department, may revoke designation. diarrhea in passengers and crew re
(b) Validation stamps. International corded in the ship's medical log during Certificates of Vaccination against the current cruise. All cases of diarcholera and yellow fever issued for vac- rhea that occur after the 24 hour report cinations performed in the United must also be reported not less than 4 States shall be validated by:
hours before arrival. (1) The Seal of the Public Health Service; or
(Approved by the Office of Management and
Budget under control number 0920-0134) (2) The Seal of the Department of State; or
(3) The stamp of the Department of Subpart D-Health Measures at Defense; or
U.S. Ports: Communicable Dis(4) The stamp issued to the National eases Aeronautics and Space Administration;
$71.31 General provisions. (5) The stamp issued by a State or (a) Upon arrival at a U.S. port, a carterritorial health department; or
rier will not undergo inspection unless (6) An official stamp of a design and the Director determines that a failure size approved by the Director for such to inspect will present a threat of inpurpose.
troduction of communicable diseases
into the United States, as may exist when the carrier has on board individual(s) reportable in accordance with $71.21 or meets the circumstances described in $71.42. Carriers not subject to inspection under this section will be subject to sanitary inspection under $71.41 of this part.
(b) The Director may require detention of a carrier until the completion of the measures outlined in this part that are necessary to prevent the introduction or spread of a communicable disease. The Director may issue a controlled free pratique to the carrier stipulating what measures are to be met, but such issuance does not prevent the periodic boarding of a carrier and the inspection of persons and records to verify that the conditions have been met for granting the pratique.
$71.33 Persons: Isolation and surveil.
lance. (a) Persons held in isolation under this subpart may be held in facilities suitable for isolation and treatment.
(b) The Director may require isolation where surveillance is authorized in this subpart whenever the Director considers the risk of transmission of infection to be exceptionally serious.
(c) Every person who is placed under surveillance by authority of this subpart shall, during the period of surveillance:
(1) Give information relative to his her health and his/her intended destination and report, in person or by telephone, to the local health officer having jurisdiction over the areas to be visited, and report for medical examinations as may be required;
(2) Upon arrival at any address other than that stated as the intended destination when placed under surveillance, or prior to departure from the United States, inform, in person or by telephone, the health officer serving the health jurisdiction from which he/ she is departing.
(d) From time to time the Director may, in accordance with section 322 of the Public Health Service Act, enter into agreements with public or private medical or hospital facilities for providing care and treatment for persons detained under this part. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0920-0134) [50 FR 1519, Jan. 11, 1985; 50 FR 3910, Jan. 29, 1985)
$71.32 Persons, carriers, and things.
(a) Whenever the Director has reason to believe that any arriving person is infected with or has been exposed to any of the communicable diseases listed in paragraph (b) of this section, he/ she may detain, isolate, or place the person under surveillance and may order disinfection or disinfestation as he/she considers necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission,
or spread of the listed communicable diseases.
(b) The communicable diseases authorizing the application of sanitary, detention, and/or isolation measures under paragraph (a) of this section are: cholera or suspected cholera, diphtheria, infectious tuberculosis, plague, suspected smallpox, yellow fever, or suspected viral hemorrhagic fevers (Lassa, Marburg, Ebola, Congo-Crimean, and others not yet isolated or named).
(c) Whenever the Director has reason to believe that any arriving carrier or article or thing on board the carrier is or may be infected or contaminated with a communicable disease, he/she may require detention, disinsection, disinfection, disinfestation, fumigation, or other related measures respecting the carrier or article or thing as he/ she considers necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases.
$71.34 Carriers of U.S. military serv.
ices. (a) Carriers belonging to or operated by the military services of the United States may be exempted from inspection if the Director is satisfied that they have complied with regulations of the military services which also meet the requirements of the regulations in this part. (For applicable regulations of the military services, see Army Regulation No. 40–12, Air Force Regulation No. 161-4, Secretary of the Navy Instruction 6210.2, and Coast Guard Commandant Instruction 6210.2).
(b) Notwithstanding exemption from inspection of carriers under this section, animals or articles on board shall be required to comply with the applicable requirements of subpart F of this part. $71.35 Report of death or illness on
carrier during stay in port. The master of any carrier at a U.S. port shall report immediately to the quarantine station at or nearest the port the occurrence, on board, of any death or any ill person among passengers or crew. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0920_0134)
a foreign area that is infected with insect-borne communicable disease and the aircraft is suspected of harboring insects of public health importance.
(b) Disinsection shall be the responsibility of the air carrier or, in the case of aircraft not for hire, the pilot in command, and shall be subject to monitoring by the Director.
(c) Disinsection of the aircraft shall be accomplished immediately after landing and blocking.
(1) The cargo compartment shall be disinsected before the mail, baggage, and other cargo are discharged.
(2) The rest of the aircraft shall be disinsected after passengers and crew deplane.
(d) Disinsection shall be performed with an approved insecticide in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The current list of approved insecticides and sources may be obtained from the Division of Quarantine, Center for Prevention Services, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.
Subpart E-Requirements Upon
Arrival at U.S. Ports: Sanitary
Inspection $71.41 General provisions.
Carriers arriving at a U.S. port from a foreign area shall be subject to a sanitary inspection to determine whether there exists rodent, insect, or other vermin infestation, contaminated food or water, or other insanitary conditions requiring measures for the prevention of the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable disease.
$71.42 Disinfection of imports.
When the cargo manifest of a carrier lists articles which may require disinfection under the provisions of this part, the Director shall disinfect them on board or request the appropriate customs officer to keep the articles separated from the other cargo pending appropriate disposition. $71.43 Exemption for mails.
Except to the extent that mail contains any article or thing subject to restrictions under subpart F of this part, nothing in the regulations in this part shall render liable to detention, disinfection, or destruction any mail conveyed under the authority of the postal administration of the United States or of any other Government.
871.45 Food, potable water, and waste:
U.S. seaports and airports. (a) Every seaport and airport shall be provided with a supply of potable water from a watering point approved by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Food and Drug Administration, in accordance with standards established in title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, parts 1240 and 1250.
(b) All food and potable water taken on board a ship or aircraft at any seaport or airport intended for human consumption thereon shall be obtained from sources approved in accordance with regulations cited in paragraph (a) of this section.
(c) Aircraft inbound or outbound on an international voyage shall not discharge over the United States any excrement, or waste water or other polluting materials. Arriving aircraft shall discharge such matter only at servicing areas approved under regulations cited in paragraph (a) of this section.
871.44 Disinsection of aircraft. (a)
The Director may require disinsection of an aircraft if it has left
not required for ships to enter a U.S. seaport. In accordance with Article 17 of the International Health Regulations, the Public Health Service may perform rodent infestation inspections and issue Deratting Certificates and Deratting Exemption Certificates. $71.47 Special provisions relating to
airports: Office and isolation facili.
ties. Each U.S. airport which receives international traffic shall provide without cost to the Government suitable office, isolation, and other exclusive space for carrying out the Federal responsibilities under this part.
$71.48 Carriers in intercoastal and
interstate traffic. Carriers, on an international voyage, which are in traffic between U.S. ports, shall be subject to inspection as described in $871.31 and 71.41 when there occurs on board, among passengers or crew, any death, or any ill person, or when illness is suspected to be caused by insanitary conditions.
tion is specified, then the date of vaccination shall be no more than 12 months before the date of arrival at a U.S. port.
(4) Bears the signature of a licensed veterinarian.
(b) General requirements for admission of dogs and cats—(1) Inspection by Director. The Director shall inspect all dogs and cats which arrive at a U.S. port, and admit only those dogs and cats which show no signs of communicable disease as defined in $71.1.
(2) Examination by veterinarian and confinement of dogs and cats. When, upon inspection, a dog or cat does not appear to be in good health on arrival (e.g., it has symptoms such as emaciation, lesions of the skin, nervous system disturbances, jaundice, or diarrhea), the Director may require prompt confinement and give the owner an opportunity to arrange for a licensed veterinarian to examine the animal and give or arrange for any tests or treatment indicated. The Director will consider the findings of the examination and tests in determining whether or not the dog or cat may have a communicable disease. The owner shall bear the expense of the examination, tests, and treatment. When it is necessary to detain a dog or cat pending determination of its admissibility, the owner shall provide confinement facilities which in the judgment of the Director will afford protection against any communicable disease. The owner shall bear the expense of confinement. Confinement shall be subject to conditions specified by the Director to protect the public health.
(3) Record of sickness or death of dogs and cats and requirements for exposed animals. (i) The carrier responsible for the care of dogs and cats shall maintain a record of sickness or death of animals en route to the United States and shall submit the record to the quarantine station at the U.S. Port upon arrival. Dogs or cats which have become sick while en route or are dead on arrival shall be separated from other animals as soon as the sickness or death is discovered, and shall be held in confinement pending any necessary examination as determined by the Director.
871.51 Dogs and cats.
Confinement means restriction of a dog or cat to a building or other enclosure at a U.S. port, en route to destination and at destination, in isolation from other animals and from persons except for contact necessary for its care or, if the dog or cat is allowed out of the enclosure, muzzling and keeping it on a leash.
Dog means all domestic dogs.
Valid rabies vaccination certificate means a certificate which was issued for a dog not less than 3 months of age at the time of vaccination and which:
(1) Identifies a dog on the basis of breed, sex, age, color, markings, and other identifying information.
(2) Specifies a date of rabies vaccination at least 30 days before the date of arrival of the dog at a U.S. port.
(3) Specifies a date of expiration which is after the date of arrival of the dog at a U.S. port. If no date of expira
(ii) When, upon inspection, a dog or cat appears healthy but, during shipment, has been exposed to a sick or dead animal suspected of having a communicable disease, the exposed dog or cat shall be admitted only if examination or tests made on arrival reveal no evidence that the animal may be infected with a communicable disease. The provisions of paragraph (b)(2) of this section shall be applicable to the examination or tests.
(4) Sanitation. When the Director finds that the cages or other containers of dogs or cats arriving in the United States are in an insanitary or other condition that may constitute a communicable disease hazard, the dogs or cats shall not be admitted in such containers unless the owner has the containers cleaned and disinfected.
(c) Rabies vaccination requirements for dogs. (1) A valid rabies vaccination certificate is required at a U.S. port for admission of a dog unless the owner submits evidence satisfactory to the Director that:
(i) If a dog is less than 6 months of age, it has been only in a country determined by the Director to be rabiesfree (a current list of rabies-free countries may be obtained from the Division of Quarantine, Center for Prevention Services, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333); or
(ii) If a dog is 6 months of age or older, for the 6 months before arrival, it has been only in a country determined by the Director to be rabies-free; or
(iii) The dog is to be taken to a research facility to be used for research purposes and vaccination would interfere with its use for such purposes.
(2) Regardless of the provisions of paragraph (C)(1) of this section, the Director may authorize admission as follows:
(i) If the date of vaccination shown on the vaccination certificate is less than 30 days before the date of arrival, the dog may be admitted, but must be confined until at least 30 days have elapsed since the date of vaccination;
(ii) If the dog is less than 3 months of age, it may be admitted, but must be confined until vaccinated against rabies at 3 months of age and for at least 30 days after the date of vaccination;
(iii) If the dog is 3 months of age or older, it may be admitted, but must be confined until it is vaccinated against rabies. The dog must be vaccinated within 4 days after arrival at destination but no more than 10 days after arrival at a U.S. port. It must be kept in confinement for at least 30 days after the date of vaccination.
(3) When a dog is admitted under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, the Director shall notify the health department or other appropriate agency having jurisdiction at the point of destination and shall provide the address of the specified place of confinement and other pertinent information to facilitate surveillance and other appropriate action.
(d) Certification requirements. The owner shall submit such certification regarding confinement and vaccination prescribed under this section as may be required by the Director.
(e) Additional requirements for the importation of dogs and cats. Dogs and cats shall be subject to such additional requirements as may be deemed necessary by the Director or to exclusion if coming from areas which the Director has determined to have high rates of rabies.
(f) Requirements for dogs and cats in transit. The provisions of this section shall apply to dogs and cats transported through the United States from one foreign country to another, except as provided below:
(1) Dogs and cats that appear healthy, but have been exposed to a sick or dead animal suspected of having a communicable disease, need not undergo examination or tests as provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section if the Director determines that the conditions under which they are being transported will afford adequate protection against introduction of communicable disease.
(2) Rabies vaccination is not required for dogs that are transported by aircraft or ship and retained in custody of the carrier under conditions that would prevent transmission of rabies.
(g) Disposal of excluded dogs and cats. A dog or cat excluded from the United States under the regulations in this part shall be exported or destroyed.