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THURSDAY, APRIL 14, 1988.

SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES

WITNESS

MADELEINE C. WILL, ASSISTANT SECRETARY, SPECIAL EDUCATION AND

REHABILITATIVE SERVICES

Mr. NATCHER. At this time we take up the budget request for fiscal year 1989 for Special Institutions for the Handicapped. We have with us Mrs. Madeleine Will, and, Mrs. Will, who do you have with you there at the table?

Mrs. WILL. On my right I have Carol Cichowski and Sally Christensen, who are with the Office of Planning, Budget and Evaluation; and on my left I have Dr. Nolan, who is the Director of the American Printing House for the Blind.

Mr. NATCHER. Glad to have all of you before the committee. Mrs. Will, as we know on this committee, and in order for those in the audience to know, you are the Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, and you have made a good one, Mrs. Will. We will be glad to hear from you. Mrs. WILL. Thank you.

OPENING STATEMENT Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, thank you for the opportunity to present the Departmental testimony for the Special Institutions for the Handicapped account, which includes the American Printing House for the Blind (APHB), the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) and Gallaudet University.

Representatives of these institutions will provide detailed testimony in support of the Department's budget requests of $5,381,000 for the American Printing House for the Blind, $33,031,000 for the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, and $63,463,000 for Gallaudet University. I will not duplicate their testimony.

SINGLE NEW ACCOUNT The 1989 budget request proposes a single new account instead of three separate accounts for these institutions. The three institutions have a unique relationship with the Federal Government. All three serve handicapped students, but all three receive the majority of their funding through Federal appropriations. A single account also simplifies budget presentation, analysis and program administration and encourages consideration of policy toward these institutions in concert with other policies and programs for the handicapped. Separate earmarks are provided for each institution to identify the specific amounts of support to be provided.

Our fiscal year 1989 budget request for all three special institutions is $101,875,000, an increase of $2,810,000 above the 1988 appropriation level, demonstrating the Department's high priority on institutions which provide opportunities to disabled persons. This includes a two percent increase in the operating budget of the three institutions. The request for NTID and Gallaudet University includes $1,000,000 each for endowment funds which would help promote the financial independence of the institutions and give them a permanent source of funds for operations and special projects. NTID and Gallaudet have already raised more than the amount necessary to match the 1988 appropriation for their endowment matching grant programs. In addition, the requested increase for the American Printing House for the Blind includes an amount to offset the proposed elimination of the permanent appropriation. The separate administration of the $10,000 permanent appropriation is a burdensome and unnecessary drain on the resources of the Departments of Education and Treasury and the Printing House.

ADMINISTRATION OF NEW ACCOUNT Fiscal year 1987 marked a change in how the Department administers the special institutions. Previously, the Office of Planning, Budget and Evaluation had this responsibility; their review was primarily fiscal. These programs are now administered by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSÉRS). Specific responsibilities are assigned to a liaison officer within the Office of the Assistant Secretary in a new unit on deafness and communicative disorders. I believe that this new unit will enhance coordination with the Department's other major programs for handicapped persons which we administer and will help us provide better oversight and direction to the various programs of the spe cial institutions. This transfer of responsibility was also consistent with the increase in the Secretary's monitoring and evaluation responsibilities under the Education of the Deaf Act.

I will be establishing a framework for continuing review and evaluation of the various programs administered by the special institutions. OSERS is assessing the need for evaluations related to the special institutions and will be developing guidelines on how to conduct such studies. For example, OSERS plans to convene a work group of experts in deaf education and evaluation to assist us in refining guidelines for use in evaluating Gallaudet University and NTID.

Funding for Gallaudet and NTID subsidizes the education of about 4,000 hearing impaired students, including over 200 foreign students in post-secondary programs at Gallaudet. The Department is concerned that the appropriation for these programs is being used to subsidize the educational and related expenses of foreign students. This year, we plan to further examine the fees charged to foreign students and review alternative courses of action related to this issue.

In closing, I expect to periodically review various aspects of the operation of the special institutions. Representatives of the institutions will be included in these reviews. We will, of course, continue to be available for program consultation to the special institutions.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Statement by

Madeleine C. Will

Assistant Secretary for
Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

on

Special Institutions for the Handicapped

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee:

Thank you for the opportunity to present the Departmental testimony for the Special Institutions for the Handicapped account, which includes the American Printing House for the Blind (APHB), the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID), and Gallaudet University.

Representatives of these institutions will provide detailed testimony in support of the Department's budget requests of $5.4 million for the American Printing House for the Blind, $33.0 million for the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, and $63.5 million for Gallaudet University. I will not duplicate their testimony.

The 1989 budget request proposes a single new account instead of three separate accounts for these institutions. The three institutions have a unique relationship with the Federal Government. All three serve handicapped students, but all three receive the majority of their funding through Federal appropriations. A single account also simplifies budget presentation, analysis, and program administration and encourages consideration of policy toward these institutions in concert with other policies and programs for the handicapped. Separate earmarks are provided for each institution to identify the specific amounts of support to be provided.

Our fiscal year 1989 budget requests for all three special institutions is $101.9 million, an increase of over $2.8 million above the 1988 appropriation level, demonstrating the Department's high priority on institutions which provide opportunities to disabled persons. This includes a 2 percent increase in the operating budget of the three institutions. The requests for NTID and Gallaudet University include $1 million each for endowment funds which would help promote the financial independence of the institutions and give them a permanent source of funds for operations and special projects. NTID and Gallaudet have already raised more than the amount necessary to match the 1988 appropriations for their endowment matching grant programs. In addition, the requested increase for the American Printing House includes an amount to offset the proposed elimination of the

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