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FOREWORD

In the last few years, a broadening public interest has developed in the preservation and enhancement of the physical environment. This concern and awareness has been reflected in the recent outpouring of books, magazine and newspaper articles, television specials and other pronouncements through the mass media which have raised serious questions about the way our modern technological society has impacted on our land, air, and water resources. The record volume of legislation which has been enacted in the last decade to deal with numerous environmental problems is an indication of the strong congressional response in this important legislative area.

The Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries has a long history of direct involvement in environmental improvement legislation. Increasing committee activities during the last few years has made clear the need for a comprehensive compilation of both early and recently enacted legislation. The Congressional Research Service has compiled the significant laws related to fish and wildlife, oceanography, and environmental quality. These three areas were chosen for the project because of their impact on the total quality of our environment and because they represent areas of interest and concern to the committee.

This compilation was not prepared simply as a chronological collection of enactments. Rather, it attempts to provide the reader with all laws in force at one particular point in time and it has been organized by major subject areas.

This compilation is presented in two sections: one contains the laws dealing with wildlife conservation, fisheries, and oceanography; the other contains the laws dealing with selected aspects of environmental quality.

The methodology used in the compilation is as follows: Relevant sections of the United States Code were extracted and placed under various subject headings within citations corresponding to the 1970 edition of the code. The compilation is complete through the end of the 91st Congress.

For the convenience of the reader, the table of contents has been broken into three groupings: (1) popular name, (2) general index by subject, and (3) a statutory reference guide. The reader is also advised to consult both the 1970 edition of the code and available supplements for detailed research purposes since minor editorial deletions have been made in preparing this compilation to facilitate subject continuity, brevity and clarity.

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Popular Name

Page

Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (Public Law 83–480)-- 222-223

471-514

Air Quality Act of 1967.--

616

Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970.

346-348
Alaska Statehood Act..
Anadromous Fish Conservation Act.

170-172

466-469

Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965.

82

Assateague Island National Seashore Act..

Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Compact-

185-187

525-542

Atomic Energy Act of 1954.

Auburn-Folsom south unit, Central Valley project, California.

279-281

Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge.--

81

Baker Federal reclamation project, Oregon.-

275

29-30

Bald Eagle Protection Act--

Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act.

79, 264–266

Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--

53-55, 81

Black Bass Act----

195–198

Central Valley project, California (fish and wildlife development)

58–59, 275-276

55

Cheyenne Bottoms Migratory Bird Refuge.

82

Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge..

472-506

Clean Air Act (see popular name acts in United States Code)

Coast and Geodetic Survey Authority (now NOAA)--

89-93

Coast Guard Oceanographic Research.

93-94

Colorado River Basin project--

284-285

Colorado River Storage Project Act.

277

Columbia Basin Project Act--

277

Commercial Fisheries Research and Development Act of 1964.

182-184

Conservation facilities-water projects of Corps of Engineers --

266-267

Conservation at military reservations (Sikes Act, part; Engle Act, part)

42-44

224-226

Consolidated Farmers Home Administration Act of 1961..

Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge.

16–17, 81-82

Crooked River project, Oregon.

277

303

Department of Transportation Act--

176-180

Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act---

Duck Stamp Act.

71-74

30-34

Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969.

Environmental Education Act..

330-332

Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970-

361-363

Environmental Science Services Administration (Reorganization Plan 2 of 1965) (now
NOAA).

101-103
Estuarine Areas Study Act...

77-78

Farrington Act of 1947-

172-173

Federat Aid in Fish Restoration Act.

176-180

Federal-aid Highway Act of 1958.

303-305

Federal-aid Highway Act of 1968

303

Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act.

37-42

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

569-597

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.

557-568

Federal Power Act...

251

Federal Water Pollution Control Act.

373–418, 608

Federal Water Project Recreation Act.

260–264
Fish and Game Sanctuary Act----

56-57
Fish protein concentrate research and experiment program-

181-182
Fish-rice rotation farming program.--

180-181

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Page

Fish Restoration and Management Projects Act..

176-180
Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956..

1-8
Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act --

11-16

Fisheries zone contiguous to the territorial sea..

239-240

Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967.-

246-247

Fishing in territorial waters -

240-242
Flood Control Act of 1944.

266-267
Food for Peace Act of 1966.

222-223

Fryingpan-Arkansas project, Colorado-

277-278

Fur Seal Act of 1966...

117-123

Garrison diversion unit, Missouri River Basin project, North Dakota-South Da-

kota.

287-289

Grand Teton National Park (elk conservation).

47-48

Great Lakes Basin Compact.

187-188

Great Lakes Fishery Act of 1956.

123-125

Gulf States Marine Fisheries Compact--

188-190

Importation of Wild Mammals and Birds Act.

25--26

Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968..

293–297

Jellyfish Control Act.

198

Klamath Forest National Wildlife Refuge-

82-86

Lacey Act...

18, 20-24, 64, 125

LaJolla Marine Laboratory Act.

115

Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965.

305-315

Lea Act (California waterfowl areas).

57-58

Little Wood River project, Idaho.-

278

Marine Resources and Engineering Development Act of 1966.-

95-98

Merlin diversion, Rogue River Basin project, Oregon.

286

Midstate Division, Missouri River Basin project, Nebraska.

289-290

Migratory Bird Conservation Act.

65-70

Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act..

71-74

Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

62–65, 125–128

Migratory Game Fish Study Act.

175

Military public lands withdrawals..

345-346

Missouri River Basin project, South Dakota-

283

Mitchell Act.

169-170

Mountain Park project, Oklahoma.--

283–284

Multiple-Use Sustained Yield Act of 1966..

336-337

National Bison Range Act.-

46

National Elk Refuge, Wyoming

46–47

National Emission Standards Act..

492-506
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.

349-361
National Fisheries Center and Aquarium Act-

199-201

National Key Deer Refuge Act---

60-61

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Reorganization Plan 4 of 1970). 103-104

National Sea Grant College and Program Act.

98-101

National Trails System Act--

315-321
National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966.

36-37
Nicholson Act..

243-244
Norbeck Wildlife Preserve.

49-51

North Pacific Fisheries Act of 1954.

128-131

Northern Pacific Halibut Act of 1937.

131-137

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Act of 1950-

134-137

Ocala National Forest-game refuges -

55-56
Oceanographic Vessel Exemption Act.

94-95

Oil Pollution Act of 1961..

137-141

Oil Pollution Act, 1961, as amended (pollution of the sea by oil)

430–434

Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge.

86

Oroville-Tonasket unit, Chief Joseph Dam project, Washington

281-282
Quachita National Forest-game refuges.-
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act..

108-115

Ozark National Forest-game refuge.

51

Pacific Marine Fisheries Compact -

190–193

Pacific Possessions Fishery Resources Act.

172-173

Palmetto Bend project, Texas..

285-286

Parker River_National Wildlife Refuge.

86-87

Pecos River Basin..

290

Pesticides Research Act.

5, 607-608

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56

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61

321

--37

244

-51

131

137

137

-56

--95

141

434

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