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sion on Intergovernmental Relations (established by Public Law 86-380, as amended) shall conduct studies of the intergovernmental relations aspects of such program including (1) the impact of such program, if any, on the structural organization of State and local governments and on Federal-State-local fiscal relations, and (2) the coordination of Federal administration of such program with State and local administration thereof, and shall report its findings and recommendations to such committee and to the Congress. (Pub. L. 90-577, title VI, $ 603, Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1107.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT Public Law 86-380, as amended, referred to in the text, is classified to chapter 53 of this title. $ 424. Preservation of House and Senate committee

jurisdiction. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to affect the jurisdiction of committees under the rules of the Senate and the House of Representatives. (Pub. L. 90-577, title VI, § 604, Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1107.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT "This chapter", referred to in the text, read in the original “this Act", meaning Pub. L. 90–577, which is classified to this chapter and sections 531-535 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property and Works.

2. Highway Beautification

or

23 U.S.C. 131, 136, 319 $ 131. Control of outdoor advertising.

(d) In order to promote the reasonable, orderly (a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that

and effective display of outdoor advertising while the erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising

remaining consistent with the purposes of this secsigns, displays, and devices in areas adjacent to the

tion, signs, displays, and devices whose size, lighting

and spacing, consistent with customary use is to be Interstate System and the primary system should

determined by agreement between the several States be controlled in order to protect the public invest

and the Secretary, may be erected and maintained ment in such highways, to promote the safety and

within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge recreational value of public travel, and to preserve natural beauty.

of the right-of-way within areas adjacent to the

Interstate and primary systems which are zoned (b) Federal-aid highway funds apportioned on or

industrial commercial under authority of after January 1, 1968, to any State which the Secre

State law, or in unzoned commercial or industary determines has not made provision for effective

trial areas as may be determined by agreement control of the erection and maintenance along the

between the several States and the Secretary. Interstate System and the primary system of out

The States shall have full authority under their own door advertising signs, displays, and devices which

zoning laws to zone areas for commercial or indusare within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest

trial purposes, and the actions of the States in this edge of the right-of-way and visible from the main traveled way of the system, shall be reduced by

regard will be accepted for the purposes of this Act. amounts equal to 10 per centum of the amounts

Whenever a bona fide State, county, or local zoning which would otherwise be apportioned to such State

authority has made a determination of customary under section 104 of this title, until such time as use, such determination will be accepted in lieu of such State shall provide for such effective control. controls by agreement in the zoned commercial and Any amount which is withheld from apportionment industrial areas within the geographical jurisdiction to any State hereunder shall be reapportioned to of such authority. Nothing in this subsection shall the other States. Whenever he determines it to be

apply to signs, displays, and devices referred to in in the public interest, the Secretary may suspend,

clauses (2) and (3) of subsection (c) of this section. for such periods as he deems necessary, the appli

(e) Any sign, display, or device lawfully in existcation of this subsection to a State.

ence along the Interstate System or the Federal-aid (c) Effective control means that after January 1,

primary system on September 1, 1965, which does 1968, such signs, displays, and devices shall, pur

not conform to this section shall not be required to suant to this section, be limited to (1) directional

be removed until July 1, 1970. Any other sign, disand other official signs and notices, which signs and

play, or device lawfully erected which does not connotices shall include, but not be limited to, signs form to this section shall not be required to be and notices pertaining to natural wonders, scenic removed until the end of the fifth year after it beand historical attractions, which are required or comes nonconforming. authorized by law, which shall conform to national (f) The Secretary shall, in consultation with the standards hereby authorized to be promulgated States, provide within the rights-of-way for areas by the Secretary hereunder, which standards shall

at appropriate distances from interchanges on the contain provisions concerning the lighting, size, Interstate System, on which signs, displays, and number, and spacing of signs, and such other re

devices giving specific information in the interest of quirements as may be appropriate to implement this the traveling public may be erected and maintained. section, (2) signs, displays, and devices advertising Such signs shall conform to national standards to the sale or lease of property upon which they are

be promulgated by the Secretary. located, and (3) signs, displays, and devices adver

(g) Just compensation shall be paid upon the retising activities conducted on the property on which

moval of the following outdoor advertising signs, they are located.

displays, and devices,

(1) those lawfully in existence on the date of enactment of this subsection,

(2) those lawfully on any highway made a part of the interstate or primary system on or after the date of enactment of this subsection and before January 1, 1968, and

(3) those lawfully erected on or after January 1, 1968. The Federal share of such compensation shall be 75 per centum. Such compensation shall be paid for the following:

(A) The taking from the owner of such sign, display, or device of all right, title, leasehold, and interest in such sign, display, or device; and

(B) The taking from the owner of the real property on which the sign, display, or device is located, of the right to erect and maintain such signs, displays, and devices thereon.

(h) All public lands or reservations of the United States which are adjacent to any portion of the Interstate System and the primary system shall be controlled in accordance with the provisions of this section and the national standards promulgated by the Secretary.

(1) In order to provide information in the specific interest of the traveling public, the State highway departments are authorized to maintain maps and to permit informational directories and advertising pamphlets to be made available at safety rest areas. Subject to the approval of the Secretary, a State may also establish information centers at safety rest areas for the purpose of informing the public of places of interest within the State and providing such other information as a State may consider desirable.

(j) Any State highway department which has, under this section as in effect on June 30, 1965, entered into an agreement with the Secretary to control the erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising signs, displays, and devices in areas adjacent to the Interstate System shall be entitled to receive the bonus payments as set forth in the agreement, but no such State highway department shall be entitled to such payments unless the State maintains the control required under such agreement. Such payments shall be paid only from appropriations made to carry out this section. The provisions of this subsection shall not be construed to exempt any State from controlling outdoor advertising as otherwise provided in this section.

(k) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a State from establishing standards imposing stricter limitations with respect to signs, displays, and devices on the Federal-aid highway systems than those established under this section.

(1) Not less than sixty days before making a final determination to withhold funds from a State under subsection (b) of this section, or to do so under subsection (b) of section 136, or with respect to failing to agree as to the size, lighting, and spacing of signs, displays, and devices or as to unzoned commercial or industrial areas in which signs, displays, and devices may be erected and maintained under subsection (d) of this section, or with respect to

failure to approve under subsection (g) of section 136, the Secretary shall give written notice to the State of his proposed determination and a statement of the reasons therefor, and during such period shall give the State an opportunity for a hearing on such determination. Following such hearing the Secretary shall issue a written order setting forth his final determination and shall furnish a copy of such order to the State. Within forty-five days of receipt of such order, the State may appeal such order to any United States district court for such State, and upon the filing of such appeal such order shall be stayed until final judgment has been entered on such appeal. Summons may be served at any place in the United States. The court shall have jurisdiction to affirm the determination of the Secretary or to set it aside, in whole or in part. The judgment of the court shall be subject to review by the United States court of appeals for the circuit in which the State is located and to the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or certification as provided in title 28, United States Code, section 1254. If any part of an apportionment to a State is withheld by the Secretary under subsection (b) of this section or subsection (b) of section 136, the amount so withheld shall not be reapportioned to the other States as long as a suit brought by such State under this subsection is pending. Such amount shall remain available for apportionment in accordance with the final judgment and this subsection. Funds withheld from apportionment and subsequently apportioned or reapportioned under this section shall be available for expenditure for three full fiscal years after the date of such apportionment or reapportionment as the case may be.

(m) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this section, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970, not to exceed $27,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, not to exceed $20,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and not to exceed $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. The provisions of this chapter relating to the obligation, period of availability and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30, 1967.

(n) No sign, display, or device shall be required to be removed under this section if the Federal share of the just compensation to be paid upon removal of such sign, display, or device is not available to make such payment. (Pub. L. 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958. 72 Stat. 904; Pub. L. 86-342, title I. $ 106, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 612; Pub. L. 87-61, title I, $ 106, June 29. 1961, 75 Stat. 123; Pub. L. 88–157, $ 5, Oct. 24, 1963, 77 Stat. 277; Pub. L. 89-285, title I, $ 101, Oct. 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 1028; Pub. L. 89–574, $818), Sept. 13. 1966, 80 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 90-495, 96a-d). Aug. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 817; Pub. L. 91-605, title I. $ 122(a), Dec, 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1726.)

1963–Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88-157 substituted "July 1, 1965" for "July 1, 1963."

1961–Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87-61 substituted "July 1, 1963" for "July 1, 1961."

1959—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86-342 substituted "Agreements entered into between the Secretary of Commerce and State highway departments under this section shall not apply to those segments of the Interstate System which traverse commercial or industrial zones within the presently existing boundaries of incorporated municipalities wherein the use of real property adjacent to the Interstate System is subject to municipal regulation or control, or which traverse other areas where the land use, as of the date of approval of this Act, is clearly established by State law as industrial or commercial" for "Upon application of the State, any such agreement may, within the discretion of the Secretary of Commerce consistent with the national policy, provide for excluding from application of the national standards segments of the Interstate System which traverse incorporated municipallties wherein the use of real property adjacent to the Interstate System is subject to municipal regulation or control, or which traverse other areas where the land use is clearly established by State law as industrial or commercial."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1968 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 90–495 effective Aug. 23, 1968, see section 37 of Pub. L. 90-495, set out as a note under section 502 of this title.

REFERENCES IN TEXT "This Act", referred to in subsec. (d), probably has reference to the "Highway Beautification Act of 1965". Pub. L. 89–285, which is classified to this section and sections 136 and 319 and 135 note of this title.

The "date of enactment of this subsection", referred to In subsec. (g), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 89285, which was approved on October 22, 1965.

AMENDMENTS 1970_Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 91-605 authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $27,000,000, $20,500,000 and $50,000,000, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1971, 1972, and 1973, respectively.

1968–Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 90–495, $ 6(a), provided that whenever a bona fide State, county, or local zoning au

thority has made a determination of customary use, such i determination will be accepted in lieu of controls by

agreement in the zoned commercial and industrial areas within the geographical jurisdiction of such authority.

Subsec. (J). Pub. L. 90–495, $ 6(b), struck out provision for the imposition of controls on outdoor advertising by the Federal government that are stricter than those imposed by the State highway department.

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 90-495, $ 6(C), added provision authorizing an appropriation of not to exceed $2,000,000

for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970. 3

Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 90-495, $ 6(d), added subsec. (n).

1966—Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 89-574 substituted provisions making applicable to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30, 1967 the provisions of chapter of this title relating to the obligation, period of availability, and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds for provisions prohibiting the use of any part of the Highway Trust Fund in carrying out this section.

1965–Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-285 deleted specific reference to the area which lies within six-hundred and sixty feet of the edge of the right-of-way and which is visible from the right-of-way and instead made only general reference to the areas adjacent to the Interstate System and deleted reference to types of permissible signs.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-285 substituted provisions reducing by 10 per centum the apportioned share, on or after January 1, 1968, of any state not making provision for effective control of erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising signs, displays and devices within sixhundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge of the right of way and visible from the traveled portion, reapportionIng withheld funds to other states, and allowing for suspension of such provisions in the discretion of the Secretary, for provisions which authorized the Secretary to enter into agreements with the states to carry out national policy on control of areas adjacent to the Interstate System

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-285 substituted provisions setting out permissible types of signs as directional and other official signs and notices, signs advertising sale or lease of property on which the sign is located, and signs, displays, and devices advertising activities conducted on the property on which the sign is located, for provisions allowing for an increase in the federal share payable under the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, as amended. in the case of states entering into an agreement with the Secretary prior to July 1, 1965.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89-285 substituted provisions allowing for agreements between the Secretary and the several states covering commercial or industrial property, for provisions covering control of the adjacent area when the Interstate System is located on or near public lands or reservations of the United States.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89–285 substituted provisions setting out the timetable for removal of signs, displays, and devices lawfully along Interstate System or Federal-aid primary system highways, for provisions allowing the inclusion of the cost of purchase or condemnation of the right to advertise or control advertising in the area adjacent to Interstate System right-of-way as part of the cost of construction.

Subsecs. (f)-(m). Pub. L. 89-285 added subsecs. (1)-(m).

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TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS All functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary of Commerce and other officers and offices of the Department of Commerce under this title and under specific related laws and parts of laws set out in the notes in this title relating generally to highways and highway and traffic safety were transferred to and vested in the Secretary of Transportation by Pub. L. 89-670, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 931, which created the Department of Transportation. See section 1655(a) (1). (6) of Title 49, Transportation.

ACQUISITION OF DWELLINGS Section 305 of Pub. L. 89-285 provided that: "Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act (amending this section and section 319 of this title and enacting section 136 of this title and provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 135 and 136 of this title) shall be construed to authorize the use of eminent domain to acquire any dwelling (including related buildings)." AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES Section 402 of Pub. L. 89-285 provided that: "In addition to any other amounts authorized by this Act and the amendments made by this Act (amending this section and section 319 of this title and enacting section 136 of this title and provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 135 and 136 of this title), there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to the Secretary of Commerce not to exceed $5,000,000 for administrative expenses in carrying out this Act (including amendments made by this Act)."

HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION COMMISSION Section 123 of Pub. L. 91-605 provided that:

“(a) There is hereby established a commission to be known as the Commission on Highway Beautification, hereinafter referred to as the 'Commission'.

"(b) The Commission shall be comprised of eleven members as follows:

"(1) two majority and two minority members of the Senate Committee on Public Works to be appointed by the President of the Senate;

“(2) two majority and two minority members of the House Committee on Public Works to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

"(3) three persons to be appointed by the President of the United States from among persons who are not officers or employees of the United States.

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“(C) The Chairman shall be elected from among the "(m) The Commission is authorized to secure from any members of the Commission by a majority vote of such department, agency, or individual instrumentality of the members. Any vacancy which may occur on the Com- executive branch of the Government any information it mission shall not affect its powers or functions but shall deems necessary to carry out its functions under this secbe filled in the same manner in which the original tion and each such department, agency, and instrumenappointment was made.

tallty is authorized and directed to furnish such informa"(d) The organization meeting of the Commission shall tion to the Commission upon request made by the be held at such time and place as may be specified in a Chairman. call issued jointly by the senior member appointed by the "(n) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated President of the Senate and the senior member appointed such sums, but not more than $200,000, as may be neces. by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

sary to carry out the provisions of this section and such "(e) Six members of the Commission shall constitute a

moneys as may be appropriated shall be available to the quorum, but a smaller number, as determined by the Com- Commission until expended. mission, may conduct hearings.

“(0) The Commission is authorized to appoint and fix e Cone "(f) Members of Congress who are members of the

the compensation of a staff director, and such additional Commission shall serve without compensation in addition

personnel as may be necessary to enable it to carry out its to that received for their services as Members of Congress; functions. The Director and personnel may be appolnted but they shall be reimbursed for travel, subsistence, and without regard to provisions of title 5, United States 47 SSE other necessary expenses incurred by them in the per

Code, covering appointments in the competitive services pub formance of the duties vested in the Commission,

and may be paid without regard to the provisions of chap. "(8) Members of the Commission who are not Members ter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 63 of such title reof Congress or officers or employees in the executive branch

lating to classification and General Schedule pay rates. shall each receive $100 per diem when engaged in the

Any Federal employees subject to the civil service laws actual performance of duties vested in the Commission,

and regulations who may be employed by the Commisplus reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other sion shall retain civil service status without interruption necessary expenses incurred by them in the performance

or loss of status or privilege. In no event shall the staff of such duties.

director or any other employee receive as compensation of "(h) The Commission shall (1) study existing statutes an amount in excess of the maximum rate for GS-18 of and regulations governing the control of outdoor advertis

the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United ing and junkyards in areas adjacent to the Federal-aid

States Code. In addition, the Commission is authorized to highway system; (2) review the policies and practices of

obtain the services of experts and consultants in accordthe Federal and State agencies charged with administra

ance with section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, but please from tive jurisdiction over such highways insofar as such

at rates not to exceed $100 per diem for individuals. policies and practices relate to governing the control of

“(p) The Commission is authorized to enter into conoutdoor advertising and junkyards; (3) compile data

tracts or agreements for studies and surveys with public necessary to understand and determine the requirements and private organizations and, if necessary, to transfer for such control which may now exist or are likely to exist funds to Federal agencies from sums appropriated pursuwithin the foreseeable future; (4) study problems relating

ant to this section to carry out such of its dutles as the to the control of on-premise outdoor advertising signs,

Commission determines can best be carried out in that promotional signs, directional signs, and signs providing

manner." information that is essential to the motoring public; (5) study methods of financing and possible sources of Federal

COMPREHENSIVE STUDY ON HIGHWAY BEAUTOICATION funds, including use of the Highway Trust Fund, to car

PROGRAMS ry out a highway beautification program; and (6) recom- Section 302 of Pub. L. 89-285 provided that in order mend such modifications or additions to existing laws, to provide the basis for eavluating the continuing proregulations, policies, practices, and demonstration pro

grams authorized by Pub. L. 89-285, and to furnish the grams as will, in the judgment of the Commission, achieve

Congress with the information necessary for authorization a workable and effective highway beautification program

of appropriations for fiscal years beginning after June 30, and best serve the public interest.

1967, the Secretary, in cooperation with the State highway "(1) The Commission shall, not later than one year after

departments, shall make a detalled estimate of the cost of the funding of this section submit to the President and

carrying out the provisions of Pub. L. 89–885, and a comthe Congress its final report. It shall cease to exist six

prehensive study of the economic impact of such promonths after submission of said report. All records and

grams on affected individuals and commercial and Induspapers of the Commission shall thereupon be delivered

trial enterprises, the effectiveness of such programs and to the Administrator of General Services for deposit in the

the public and private benefits realized thereby, and alArchives of the United States,

ternate or improved methods of accomplishing the objec"(1) The Chairman of the Commission shall request the tives of Pub. L. 89-285. The Secretary was required to head of each Federal department or independent agency submit such detalled estimate and a report concerning which has an interest in or responsibility with respect to

such comprehensive study to the Congress not later than the control of outdoor advertising and of junkyards to January 10, 1967. appoint, and the head of such department or agency shall appoint, a liaison officer who shall work closely with the STANDARDS, CRITERIA, RULES AND REGULATIONS; REPORT TO Commission and its staff in matters pertaining to this

CONGRESS section.

Section 303 of Pub. L. 89-285 provided that: "(k) In carrying out its duties the commission shall seek the advice of various groups interested in the prob

"(a) Before the promulgation of standards, criteria, lems relating to the control of outdoor advertising and

and rules and regulations, necessary to carry out sections Junkyards including, but not limited to, State and local

131 and 136 of title 23 of the United States Code, the governments, public and private organizations working in

Secretary of Commerce shall hold public hearings in each the fields of environmental protection and conservation,

State for the purpose of gathering all relevant informa

tion on which to base such standards, criteria, and rules communications media, commercial advertising interests, and regulations. industry, education, and labor. "(1) The Commission or, on authorization of the Com

"(b) The Secretary of Commerce shall report to Con mission, any committee of two or more members may, for

criteria, and rules and regulations to be applied in carta

gress, not later than January 10, 1967, all standards, the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section, hold such hearings and sit and act at such times and

ing out sections 131 and 136 of title 23 of the United

States Code." places as the Commission or such authorized committee may deem advisable. Subpenas for the attendance and

TAKING OF PRIVATE PROPERTY WITHOUT JUST testimony of witnesses or the production of written or

COMPENSATION other matter may be issued only on the authority of the Commission and shall be served by anyone designated by

Section 401 of Pub. L. 89-285 provided that: "Nothing the Chairman of the Commission.

in this Act or the amendments made by this Act (amend. ing this section and section 319 of this title and enacting

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$ 136. Control of junkyards.

(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that the establishment and use and maintenance of junkyards in areas adjacent to the Interstate System and the primary system should be controlled in order to protect the public investment in such highways, to promote the safety and recreational value of public travel, and to preserve natural beauty.

(b) Federal-aid highway funds apportioned on or after January 1, 1968, to any State which the Secretary determines has not made provision for effective control of the establishment and maintenance along the Interstate System and the primary system of outdoor junkyards, which are within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way and visible from the main traveled way of the system, shall be reduced by amounts equal to 10 per centum of the amounts which would otherwise be apportioned to such State under section 104 of this title, until such time as such State shall provide for such effective control. Any amount which is withheld from apportionment to any State hereunder shall be reapportioned to the other States. Whenever he determines it to be in the public interest, the Secretary may suspend, for such periods as he deems necessary, the application of this subsection to a State.

(c) Effective control means that by January 1, 1968, such junkyards shall be screened by natural objects, plantings, fences, or other appropriate means so as not to be visible from the main traveled way of the system, or shall be removed from sight.

(d) The term "junk" shall mean old or scrap copper, brass, rope, rags, batteries, paper, trash, rubber debris, waste, or junked, dismantled, or wrecked automobiles, or parts thereof, iron, steel, and other old or scrap ferrous or nonferrous material.

(e) The term “automobile graveyard" shall mean any establishment or place of business which is maintained, used, or operated for storing, keeping, buying, or selling wrecked, scrapped, ruined, or dismantled motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts.

(f) The term “junkyard” shall mean an establishment or place of business which is maintained, operated, or used for storing, keeping, buying, or selling junk, or for the maintenance or operation of an automobile graveyard, and the term shall include garbage dumps and sanitary fills.

(g) Notwithstanding any provision of this section, junkyards, auto graveyards, and scrap metal processing facilities may be operated within areas adjacent to the Interstate System and the primary system which are within one thousand feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way and which are zoned in

dustrial under authority of State law, or which are not zoned under authority of State law, but are used for industrial activities, as determined by the several States subject to approval by the Secretary.

(h) Notwithstanding any provision of this section, any junkyard in existence on the date of enactment of this section which does not conform to the requirements of this section and which the Secretary finds as a practical matter cannot be screened, shall not be required to be removed until July 1, 1970.

(1) The Federal share of landscaping and screening costs under this section shall be 75 per centum.

(j) Just compensation shall be paid the owner for the relocation, removal, or disposal of the following junkyards

(1) those lawfully in existence on the date of enactment of this subsection.

(2) those lawfully along any highway made a part of the interstate or primary system on or after the enactment of this subsection and before January 1, 1968, and (3) those lawfully established

after January 1, 1968. The Federal share of such compensation shall be 75 per centum.

(k) All public lands or reservations of the United States which are adjacent to any portion of the interstate and primary systems shall be effectively controlled in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(1) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a State from establishing standards imposing stricter limitations with respect to outdoor junkyards on the Federal-aid highway systems than those established under this section.

(m) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and not to exceed $5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. The provisions of this chapter relating to the obligation, period of availability, and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30, 1967. (Added Pub. L. 89-285, title II, $ 201, Oct. 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 1030, and amended Pub. L. 89-574, § 8(a), Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 90–495, $ 6(c), Aug. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 818; Pub. L. 91-605, title I, § 122(b), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1726.)

AMENDMENTS 1970_Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 91-605 authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $3,000,000, $3,000,000, and $5,000,000, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1971, 1972, and 1973, respectively.

1968—Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 90–495 added provision authorizing an appropriation of not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970.

1966–Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 89-574 substituted provisions making applicable to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30, 1967, the provisions of chapter 1 of this title relating to the obligation, period of availability, and expenditure of

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