Student's Guide to Landmark Congressional Laws on Youth

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - 252 pages
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Though it may seem hard to believe, it took America's lawmakers some 110 years before they crafted legislation aimed at protecting the welfare of children. Eventually, laws were passed to aid and protect children. This ideal student reference examines and explains in detail 20 such laws that have affected America's youth in various ways. A discussion of the history and impact of each law is followed by a carefully edited version of the law itself. Examples include the National School Lunch Act, which provided free or reduced-cost meals to young students; the Uniform Drinking Age Act, which set the national drinking age at 21; the Fair Labor Standard Act, the first successful federal attempt to regulate child labor; and the Selective Service Act, which required young men to register for the draft.

The landmark laws are divided into three parts: Health and Welfare Laws, Citizenship and Democratic Participation Laws, and Education Laws. The laws are organized chronologically within each section. An introductory overview examines the history of children's issues in federal legislation and explores reform movements and the advocacy of children's concerns. The introduction also makes manifestly clear that students are not an unempowered constituency, and have ample opportunities to make their voices heard. A timeline and appendix will also aid student research, making this volume an indispensable guide to America's laws concerning its young people.

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Contents

Social Security Act 1935
23
Fair Labor Standards Act FLSA 1938
33
National School Lunch Act 1946 and Child Nutrition
43
Diagnosis and Treatment for Children EPSDT 1967
55
Residential LeadBased Paint Hazard Reduction Act 1992
71
Quality Protection Act 1996
81
Citizenship and Democratic Participation Laws
103
Twentysixth Amendment 1971
115
Fair Housing Act Amendments 1988
131
Head Start 1965
145
Elementary and Secondary Education Act ESEA 1965
159
Higher Education Act HEA 1965
179
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 1973
199
Americans with Disabilities Act ADA 1990
219
Appendix
235
Index
249

Uniform Drinking Age Act 1984 and Federal Zero
125

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 39 - The Congress hereby finds that the existence, in industries engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, of labor conditions detrimental to the maintenance of the minimum standard of living necessary for health, efficiency, and general well-being of workers...
Page 39 - Act, no producer, manufacturer, or dealer shall ship or deliver for shipment in commerce any goods produced in an establishment situated in the United States in or about which within thirty days prior to the removal of such goods therefrom any oppressive child labor has been employed...
Page 31 - State publicwelfare agencies in establishing, extending, and strengthening, especially in predominantly rural areas, public -welfare services (hereinafter in this section referred to as "child welfare services") for the protection and care of homeless, dependent, and neglected children, and children in danger of becoming delinquent...
Page 51 - It is hereby declared to be the policy of Congress, as a measure of national security, to safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation's children and to encourage the domestic consumption of nutritious agricultural commodities and other food...
Page 29 - State, to needy dependent children, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1936, the sum of $24,750,000, and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year thereafter a sum sufficient to carry out the purposes of this title.
Page 40 - Administrator, to the extent necessary in order to prevent curtailment of opportunities for employment, shall by regulations or by orders provide for (1) the employment of learners, of apprentices...
Page 227 - disability" means, with respect to an individual — (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (B) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such an impairment.
Page 29 - The sums made available under this section shall be used for making payments to States which have submitted, and had approved by the Social Security Board established by Title VII (hereinafter referred to as the "Board"), State plans for old-age assistance.

About the author (2002)

KATHLEEN URADNIK is Assistant Professor of Political Science at St.Cloud State University. She specializes in public law and American government.

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