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SEC. 5. General Provisions. (a) Executive Order No. 11902 of February 2, 1976, entitled "Procedures for an Export Licensing Policy as to Nuclear Materials and Equipment," is revoked.

(b) The performance of functions under either the Act or the 1954 Act shall not be delayed pending the development of procedures, even though as many as 120 days are allowed for establishing them. Except where it would be inconsistent to do so, such functions shall be carried out in accordance with procedures similar to those in effect immediately prior to the effective date of the Act.

THE WHITE HOUSE, May 11, 1978.





Urging the President of the United States to take the leadership in seeking international cooperation in strengthening safeguards of nuclear materials. Whereas the Senate of the United States ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in recognition of the devastation associated with a nuclear war and of the need to make every effort to avert the danger of such a war;

Whereas the parties to the treaty expressed a common belief that the proliferation of nuclear weapons would seriously increase the danger of nuclear war;

Whereas the United States and other parties to the treaty pledged to accept specified safeguards regarding the transfer to nonnuclear-weapon states of special nuclear materials and facilities for the processing, use, or production of such materials;

Whereas recent events, including the explosion of nuclear devices, the development of uranium enrichment facilities, and the proposed transfer of nuclear enrichment and reprocessing facilities to nonnuclear-weapon states, emphasize the imperative need to increase the scope, comprehensiveness, and effectiveness of international safeguards on peaceful nuclear activities so that there will be no further proliferation of nuclear weapons capability;

Whereas the Senate of the United States is particularly concerned about the consequences of transactions without effective safeguards that could lead to the production of plutonium and other special nuclear materials by nonnuclearweapon states throughout the world; and

Whereas the Senate is particularly concerned about the proliferation threat posed by the possibility of the development in the near future of a large number of independent national enrichment and reprocessing facilities and therefore believes that the United States should take the lead in securing agreement for the development of regional multinational, rather than national, centers to undertake enrichment and reprocessing activities in order to minimize the spread of technology which could be used to develop nuclear explosives: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the President seek the immediate international consideration of strengthening the effectiveness of the International Atomic Energy Agency's safeguards on peaceful nuclear activities and seek intensified cooperation with other nuclear suppliers to insure that the most stringent safeguard conditions are applied to the transfer of nuclear equipment and technology to prevent the proliferation of nuclear explosive capability; be it further

Resolved, That the Senate of the United States strongly requests and urges the President to seek through the highest level of consultation in the United Nations and with the other leaders of the world community an intensive cooperative international effort to strengthen and improve both the scope, comprehensiveness, and effectiveness of the international safeguards on peaceful nuclear activities so that there will be a substantial and immediate reduction in the risk of diversion or theft of plutonium and other special nuclear materials to military or other uses that would jeopardize world peace and security; be it further Resolved, That the President seek, through consultation with suppliers of nuclear equipment and technology, their restraint in the transfer of nuclear technology and their cooperation in assuring that such equipment and technology only is transferred to other nations under the most rigorous, prudent, and safeguarded conditions designed to assure that the technology itself is not employed for the production of nuclear explosives; and be it further

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate is directed to transmit copies of this resolution to the President of the United States and to the Secretary of State.


(Page references are to the daily editions of the Congressional Record, 94th Cong., 1st Sess.)

S. Res. 221 introduced by Mr. Pastore (for himself, Mr. Mondale, Mr. Inouye, Mr. Montoya, and Mr. Symington) on July 26, 1975, and referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, S13859-61.

Reported (S. Rept. No. 94-525) December 10, 1975, S21583.

Considered and agreed to by the Senate on December 12, 1975, S21961.



(88 Stat. 2156)

[PUBLIC LAW 93-633]

[H.R. 15223]

[JANUARY 3, 1975]


To regulate commerce by improving the protections afforded the public 88 STAT. 2156 against risks connected with the transportation of hazardous materials, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Transportation Safety Act of 1974".


Transportation Safety Act of 1974.

49 U.S.C. 1801 note.



SEC. 101. This title may be cited as the "Hazardous Materials Hazardous Transportation Act".




49 U.S.C. 1801 note.

SEC. 102. It is declared to be the policy of Congress in this title 49 U.S.C. 1801. to improve the regulatory and enforcement authority of the Secretary of Transportation to protect the Nation adequately against the risks to life and property which are inherent in the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce.


SEC. 103. As used in this title, the term

(1) "commerce" means trade, traffic, commerce, or transportation, within the jurisdiction of the United States, (A) between a place in a State and any place outside of such State, or (B) which affects trade, traffic, commerce, or transportation described in clause (A);

(2) "hazardous material" means a substance or material in a quantity and form which may pose an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property when transported in commerce;

(3) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation, or his delegate;

(4) "serious harm" means death, serious illness, or severe personal injury;

(5) "State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, or Guam;

(6) "transports" or "transportation" means any movement of property by any mode, and any loading, unloading, or storage incidental thereto; and

(7) "United States" means all of the States.

49 U.S.C. 1802.

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