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1978 ERDA AUTHORIZATION
(Conservation, High Energy Physics, and
Basic Energy Sciences)

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2, 1977

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ADVANCED ENERGY

TECHNOLOGIES AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION,

Washington, D.C.

The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:15 a.m., in room 2318, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Mike McCormack (chairman of the subcommittee), presiding.

Present: Representatives McCormack (presiding), Ambro, Neal, Glickman, Lloyd of Tennessee, Myers, Fish, and Rudd.

Also present: John Andelin, professional staff member and Charles Trabandt, minority counsel.

Mr. McCORMACK. The meeting will come to order, please. This is the first meeting this year of this subcommittee in which we have had the opportunity to discuss high-energy physics. Unfortunately, this will be the only meeting in which we will have this opportunity, except for this afternoon when we will meet again to hear outside witnesses.

I hope that all of you can appreciate that the schedule under which the Members of Congress are operating at the present time is a very difficult one. We are trying to meet the deadlines of the Budget Reform Act which we have imposed on ourselves.

We have to do the markup on legislation, authorization and appropriations legislation, very early. As a result, the average Member of Congress, like myself, probably has three or four committee meetings today and at least two at any one time through the morning.

Therefore, the meeting will unfortunately be brief. The time allowed will be short. The members will be scattered. I hope they will be coming in but they are clearly scattered.

This morning's subject is basic energy sciences and our chief witness will be Dr. James S. Kane, who is Deputy Assistant Administrator for Physical Research of ERDA's Office of the Assistant Administrator for Solar, Geothermal, and Advanced Energy Systems, I shall be referring to him as Dr. Kane. Jim and I used to work together in the laboratory and I have a hard time being that formal.

What I would like to do, if I may, first of all, is to ask you, Dr. Kane, to introduce not only your colleagues at the table with you but

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also I understand there are some members of the high-energy physics community and the basic energy sciences community in the audience. If you would care to introduce any of them, please feel free to do so. We will, without objection, take your prepared statement and insert it in the record.

[The prepared statement of Dr. Kane follows:]

STATEMENT ON BASIC ENERGY SCIENCES, NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS FY 1978 AUTHORIZATION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION

OF THE

HOUSE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

by Dr. James S. Kane, Deputy Assistant Administrator for
Physical Research, Office of the Assistant Administrator
for Solar, Geothermal and Advanced Energy Systems
March 2, 1977

The first of the three programs which I would like to discuss is the Basic Energy Sciences Program. The objective of this program is to develop scientific understanding of physical phenomena basic to the energy

technologies of all ERDA programs. We have attempted to organize research under this program, therefore, to strike a proper balance between ERDA's

both nuclear and non-nuclear

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various energy programs in a manner which we believe will maximize the program's contribution to short and long range National energy goals. Continuing the trend of the last few years, the FY 1978 budget provides for substantially increasing support of projects relevant to fossil, solar, and geothermal energy and energy conservation, while maintaining support for nuclear energy programs. Summary of. Budget Request

The Basic Energy Sciences Program includes four subprograms:

Nuclear

Science; Materials Sciences; Molecular, Mathematical and Geo-Sciences;

and Advanced Energy Projects. operating expenses for each of these subprograms with the current estimates for FY 1977. Budget authority of $25.7 million is requested for Nuclear Sciences in FY 1978, an increase of $0.7 million or 3 percent. million is requested for Materials Sciences, an increase of $5.9 million

Chart 1 compares the FY 1978 request for

$62.4

or 10 percent. The request for Molecular, Mathematical and Geo-Sciences is $55.8 million, an increase of $8.4 million or 18 percent. For Advanced Energy Programs, a new subprogram to be initiated in FY 1978, $3.2 million is requested. In total, budget authority of $147.1 million is requested for operating expenses for the Basic Energy Sciences Program, an increase of $18.2 million or 14 percent.

Our request for capital equipment, as shown on Chart 2, is for $12.1 million, an increase of $1.0 million. The productivity of basic research programs depends directly on the availability of the most advanced technology experimental apparatus. The FY 1978 request would provide for advanced scientific equipment for new and expanded research efforts in support of ERDA's applied and developmental activities.

For construction, budget authority of $15.7 million is requested, of which $13.7 million is for new construction projects proposed for authorization and $2.0 million is for the conversion of steam plant facilities project, for which partial authorization has been requested in FY 1977. Chart 3 summarizes the FY 1978 request for construction funding for this program. The new construction projects include the National Synchrotron Light Source, for which budget authority of $5.0 million is requested, the Combustion Research Facility, for which $6.0 million is requested, and general plant projects, for which $2.7 million is requested. The National

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