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Abuse and Alcoholism activity addiction alco alcohol abuse alcohol consumption alcohol dependence alcohol problems alcohol research alcohol-related animals application areas associated award behavior biological blood brain cause cell Center changes chronic clinical cohol conducted contribute criteria damage determine disease disorders Division drinking drug effects effects of alcohol employee et al ethanol evaluation factors field findings function funding genetic Grant human important improved increased indicate individual influence inhibition Institute intervention involved Journal laboratory levels liver measures mechanisms ment mental minority NIAAA NMDA occur organizations patients percent persons population potential prevention problems produce questions rats recent receptor reduce referred reported response risk Science scientific scientists severity social specific studies subjects symptoms syndrome tests tion tolerance treat treatment types withdrawal
Page 318 - ... high," intoxicated while taking care of his or her children), or when substance use is physically hazardous (eg, drives when intoxicated) (5) important social, occupational, or recreational activities given up or reduced because of substance use (6) continued substance use despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent social, psychological, or physical problem that is caused or exacerbated by the use of the substance (eg, keeps using...
Page 318 - Substance often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than the person intended 2. Persistent desire or one or more unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use 3. A great deal of time spent in activities necessary to get the substance (eg, theft), taking the substance (eg, chain smoking), or recovering from its effects 4.
Page 372 - Daily or almost daily 4. How often during the last year have you found that you were not able to stop drinking once you had started?
Page 372 - Yes, during the last year 10. Has a relative or friend or a doctor or other health worker been concerned about your drinking or suggested you cut down? (0) No (2) Yes, but not in the last year (4) Yes, during the last year 1 In determining the response categories it has been assumed that one drink contains 10 g alcohol.
Page 372 - Daily or almost daily 6. How often during the last year have you needed a first drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session? Never Less than monthly Monthly Weekly Daily or almost daily 7. How often during the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking?
Page 372 - Daily or almost daily 8. How often during the last year have you been unable to remember what happened the night before because you had been drinking?
Page 316 - Drug dependence is a state, psychic and sometimes also physical, resulting from the interaction between a living organism and a drug, characterized by behavioral and other responses that always include a compulsion to take the drug on a continuous or periodic basis in order to experience its psychic effects and sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence.
Page 292 - This material is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission; citation of this source would be appreciated.
Page 318 - ... increase) in order to achieve intoxication or desired effect, or markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount...
Page 372 - How often during the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from you because of drinking? Never Less than monthly Monthly Weekly Daily or almost daily 6. How often during the last year have you needed a first drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session?