A Treatise on Hydrostatics
Macmillan and Company, 1894 - 536 pages
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Common terms and phrases
according acting angle atmospheric axis balloon barometer base becomes bell body bottom buoyancy called centre circle circular closed cone constant containing corresponding cross section curve cylinder denotes density depth determine diameter direction displacement distance draft drawing edge employed energy equal equation equilibrium EXAMPLES feet fixed floating fluid force given gives gravity half head heat heel horizontal hydrometer immersed inches inclined increase instance length liquid lower mean measured mercury metacentric moving normal oscillations parallel perpendicular piston placed plane pressure Prove pump radius ratio represented rest resultant rise rotation round scale ship side similar solid sphere spherical stability stress substance suppose surface taken temperature tension theorem thrust tons tube uniform unit upright valve vertical vessel volume water line weight
Page 53 - Pitcher, that so at least he might be able to get a little of it. But his strength was not sufficient for this. At last seeing some pebbles lie near the place, he cast them one by one into the Pitcher ; and thus, by degrees, raised the water up to the very brim, and satisfied his thirst.
Page 93 - Archimedes stated that a body immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the displaced fluid.
Page 106 - ... ten imperial standard pounds weight of distilled water weighed in air against brass weights, with the water and the air at the temperature of sixty-two degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer, and with the barometer at thirty inches.
Page 133 - Bronze contains 91 per cent, of copper, 6 per cent. of zinc, and 3 per cent, of tin. A mass of bell-metal (consisting of copper and tin only) and bronze fused together is found to contain 88 per cent. of copper, 4-875 per cent, of zinc, and 7-125 of tin.
Page 7 - When this continuous alteration of form is only produced by stresses exceeding a certain value, the substance is called a Solid, however soft it may be. When the very smallest stress, if continued long enough, will cause a constantly increasing change of form, the body must be regarded as a Viscous fluid) however hard it may be.
Page 204 - ... horizontal: if 2a be the vertical angle of the cone, and /3 the angle between the plane base and the shortest generating line, shew that cot /3 = cot 4a - } cosec 4a.
Page 103 - The weight in vacuo of the platinum weight (mentioned in the First Schedule to this Act), and by this Act declared to be the imperial standard for determining the imperial standard pound, shall be the legal standard measure of weight, and of measures having reference to weight, and shall be called the imperial standard pound, and shall be the only unit or standard of weight from which all other weights and all measures having reference to weight shall be ascertained.
Page 39 - A hollow cone, whose axis is vertical and base downwards, is filled with equal volumes of two liquids, whose densities are in the ratio of 3 : 1 ; prove that the pressure at a point in the base is (3 - ,/4) times as great as when the vessel is filled with the lighter fluid.
Page 280 - Defence of the Doctrine touching the Spring and Weight of the Air . . . against the Objections of F.
Page 106 - The unit or standard measure of capacity from which all other measures of capacity, as well for liquids as for dry goods, shall be derived, shall be the gallon containing ten imperial standard pounds weight of distilled water weighed in air against brass weights, with the water and the air at the temperature of sixty-two degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer, and with the barometer at thirty...