Public Sector Management

Front Cover
Marcia Lynn Whicker, Todd W. Areson
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990 - 273 pages


Intended as a text for master's level students in public administration and public policy, this volume provides an introductory survey of the field that focuses on the structures of operation, management, and environments of modern governments. The contributors address federal, state, and local governments as well as intergovernmental relations, discussing such topics as fiscal management, policy analysis, program evaluation, management and administration, marketing, and the developmental progress of national governments. Their aim throughout is to distill for the reader a solid base of current knowledge about the field of public administration and the challenges it offers to practitioners as we move into the 1990s.

The volume begins with an introductory chapter which addresses current and evolving issues in U.S. public administration and demonstrates the ways in which political, social, and economic trends impact upon modern governments and their managers. The functions and structure of the federal bureaucracy and state and local governments are described in detail in two chapters, followed by a chapter by editor Marcia Whicker that explores intergovernmental relations. The contributors then turn to an examination of government operations in the fiscal management, policy analysis, and program evaluation arenas. Three chapters discuss management issues, including organizational theory, leadership, and personnel administration. Finally, the text addresses the use and adaptation of private sector marketing techniques, the developmental progress of national governments, and the evolution of historical/philosophical values that constitute the framework for future governance.

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Contents

The Functions and Structure of the Federal Bureaucracy
1
The Functions and Structures of State and Local Governments
31
Intergovernmental Relations
59
Budgeting Taxes and Financial Management
79
Policy Analysis
97
Program Evaluation
111
Organization and Management Theory
127
Leadership
151
Personnel Administration
179
Marketing Public Services
213
Comparative Administration Hierarchical Goals and National Development
229
Public Administration Past Present and Future Paradigms
245
Author Index
259
Subject Index
265
About the Editors and Contributors
269
Copyright

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Page 181 - The duties of all public officers are, or, at least, admit of being made, so plain and simple, that men of intelligence may readily qualify themselves for their performance...
Page 65 - ... declared, that in the exercise of all powers given for these objects, it is supreme. It can, then, in effecting these objects, legitimately control all individuals or governments within the American territory. The constitution and laws of a state, so far as they are repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United States, are absolutely void. These states are constituent parts of the United States; they are members of one great empire—for some purposes sovereign, for some purposes subordinate.
Page 65 - And the powers of the General Government, and of the State, although both exist and are exercised within the same territorial limits, are yet separate and distinct sovereignties, acting separately and independently of each other, within their respective spheres.
Page 65 - Constitution, but it may be not unreasonably said that the preservation of the States and the maintenance of their governments are as much within the design and care of the Constitution as the preservation of the Union and the maintenance of the national Government. The Constitution, in all its provisions, looks to an indestructible Union, composed of indestructible States.
Page 41 - Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire. New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin — cast 3,982,011 votes now, against 3,870,222 cast then; showing an aggregate now of 3,982,011.
Page 23 - ... assistance for the improvement and expansion of American educational resources for international studies and services, grants to improve instruction in crucial academic subjects, and construction assistance for academic facilities. Also included are programs of student financial assistance, including Pell...
Page 61 - To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested in the Government of the United States.
Page 19 - Federal labor laws guaranteeing workers' rights to safe and healthful working conditions, a minimum hourly wage and overtime pay, freedom from employment discrimination, unemployment insurance, and workers
Page 207 - Government operations entrusted to them; (5) to determine the methods, means, and personnel by which such operations are to be conducted; and (6) to take whatever actions may be necessary to carry out the mission of the agency in situations of emergency...

About the author (1990)

MARCIA LYNN WHICKER is Professor of Public Administration at Virginia Commonwealth University. Her previous works include, U.S. National Health Policy, Sex Role Changes: Technology, Politics, Policy, The Constitution Under Pressure: A Time for Change?, and When Presidents Are Great.

TODD W. ARESON is Assistant Professor and Assistant Director for Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University.

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