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any other Federal or State agency, or (3) to act, or refrain from acting contingent upon the recommendations or certification of any other Federal or State agency.

SEC. 105. The policies and goals set forth in this Act are supplementry to those set forth in existing authorizations of Federal agencies.



SEC. 201. The President shall transmit to the Congress annually beginning July 1, 1970, an Environmental Quality Report (hereinafter referred to as the "report") which shall set forth (1) the status and condition of the major natural, manmade, or altered environmental classes. of the Nation, including, but not limited to, the air, the aquatic, including marine, estuarine, and fresh water, and the terrestrial environment, including, but not limited to, the forest, dryland, wetland, range, urban, suburban, and rural environment; (2) current and foreseeable trends in the quality, management and utilization of such environments and the effects of those trends on the social, economic, and other requirements of the Nation; (3) the adequacy of available natural resources for fulfilling human and economic requirements of the Nation in the light of expected population pressures; (4) a review of the programs and activities (including regulatory activities) of the Federal Government, the State and local governments, and nongovernmental entities or individuals, with particular reference to their effect on the environment and on the conservation, development and utilization of natural resources; and (5) a program for remedying the deficiencies of existing programs and activities, together with recommendations for legislation.

SEC. 202. There is created in the Executive Office of the President a Council on Environmental Quality (hereinafter referred to as the "Council"). The Council shall be composed of three members who shall be appointed by the President to serve at his pleasure, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President shall designate one of the members of the Council to serve as Chairman. Each member shall be a person who, as a result of his training, experience, and attainments, is exceptionally well qualified to analyze and interpret environmental trends and information of all kinds; to appraise programs and activities of the Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in title I of this Act; to be conscious of and responsive to the scientific, economic, social, esthetic, and cultural needs and interests of the Nation; and to formulate and recommend national policies to promote the improvement of the quality of the environment.


SEC. 203. The Council may employ such officers and employees as may be necessary to carry out its functions under this Act. In addition, the Council may employ and fix the compensation of such experts and consultants as may be necessary for the carrying out of its functions under this Act, in accordance with section 3109 of title 5, United States Code (but without regard to the last sentence thereof).

SEC. 204. It shall be the duty and function of the Council

(1) to assist and advise the President in the preparation of the Environmental Quality Report required by section 201;

(2) to gather timely and authoritative information concerning the conditions and trends in the quality of the environment both current and prospective, to analyze and interpret such information for the purpose of determining whether such conditions and trends are interfering, or are likely to interfere, with the achievement of the policy set forth in title I of this Act, and to compile and submit to the President studies relating to such conditions and trends:

(3) to review and appraise the various programs and activities of the Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in title I of this Act for the purpose of determining the extent to which such programs and activities are contributing to the achievement of such policy, and to make recommendations to the President with respect thereto;

(4) to develop and recommend to the President national policies to foster and promote the improvement of environmental quality to meet the conservation, social, economic, health, and other requirements and goals of the Nation;

(5) to conduct investigations, studies, surveys, research, and analyses relating to ecological systems and environmental quality;

(6) to document and define changes in the natural environment, including the plant and animal systems, and to accumulate necessary data and other information for a continuing analysis of these changes or trends and an interpretation of their underlying causes:

(7) to report at least once each year to the President on the state and condition of the environment; and

(8) to make and furnish such studies, reports thereon, and recommendations with respect to matters of policy and legislation as the President may request.

SEC. 205. In exercising its powers, functions, and duties under this Act, the Council shall

(1) consult with the Citizens' Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality established by Executive Order numbered 11472, dated May 29, 1969, and with such representatives of science, industry, agriculture, labor, conservation organizations, State and local governments and other groups, as it deems advisable; and

(2) utilize, to the fullest extent possible, the services, facilities, and information (including statistical information) of public and private agencies and organizations, and individuals, in order that duplication of effort and expense may be avoided, thus assuring that the Council's activities will not unnecessarily overlap or conflict with similar activities authorized by law and performed by established agencies.

SEC. 206. Members of the Council shall serve full time and the Chairman of the Council shall be compensated at the rate provided for Level II of the Executive Schedule Pay Rates (5 U.S.C. 5313). The other members of the Council shall be compensated at the rate provided for Level IV or the Executive Schedule Pay Rates (5 U.S.C. 5315).

SEC. 207. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this Act not to exceed $300,000 for fiscal year 1970, $700,000 for fiscal year 1971, and $1,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter.

Approved January 1, 1970.

Legislative History

House Reports: No. 91-378, 91-378, pt. 2, accompanying H.R. 12549 (Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries) and 91-765 (Committee of Conference).

Senate Report No. 91-296 (Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs). Congressional Record, Vol. 115 (1969):

July 10: Considered and passed Senate.

Sept. 23: Considered and passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R.

Oct. 8: Senate disagreed to House amendments; agreed to conference.
Dec. 20: Senate agreed to conference report.

Dec. 22: House agreed to conference report.

17. National Parks Centennial

Joint Resolution authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to provide for the commemoration of the one hundredth anniversy of the establishment of Yellowstone National Park, and for other purposes. (84 Stat. 427)

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior is directed to request the President to issue a proclamation designating the year 1972 as "National Parks Centennial Year", in recognition of the establishment on March 1, 1872, of the world's first national park, Yellowstone, which advanced a new concept of land use in setting aside an outstanding natural area in perpetuity for the benefit and enjoyment of the people.

SEC. 2. (a) There is hereby established a National Park Centennial Commission (hereinafter referred to as "the Commission") to be composed of the following members:

(1) four Members of the Senate to be appointed by the President of the Senate;

(2) four Members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

(3) the Secretary of the Interior or his representative; and

(4) six persons to be appointed by the President from among persons not officers or employees of the Federal Government and who, in the judgment of the President, have outstanding knowledge and experience in the fields of natural and historical resource preservation and public recreation. (b) The President shall designate one of the members appointed by him as Chairman of the Commission.

(c) The members of the Commission shall receive no compensation for their services as such, but members from the legislative branch shall be allowed necessary travel expenses as authorized by law for official travel, members of the executive branch shall be allowed necessary travel expenses in accordance with section 5702 of title 5, United States Code, and members appointed by the President shall be allowed necessary travel expenses as authorized by section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 (5 U.S.C. 5703). Staff of the Commission shall be allowed necessary travel expenses in accordance with section 5702 of title 5, United States Code.

(d) Any vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers or functions, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

SEC. 3. The functions of the Commission shall be (1) to prepare, and execute, in cooperation with Federal,

State, local, nongovernmental agencies and organizations, and appropriate international organizations, a suitable plan for commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of the beginning of the worldwide national park movement by the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872; (2) to coordinate the activities of such agencies and organizations undertaken pursuant to such plan; and (3) to provide, in cooperation with such agencies and organizations, host services for a world conference on National Parks in 1972, and to assist in representing the United States in the activities of such conference. SEC. 4. The Commission may employ such personnel as may be necessary to carry out its functions, with or without regard to the provisions of the civil service laws or the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, in its discretion.

SEC. 5. (a) The Commission is authorized to accept donations of money, property, or personal services; to cooperate with public and private associations, and educational institutions; and to request advice and assistance from appropriate Federal departments or agencies in carrying out its functions. Such Federal departments and agencies are authorized to furnish the Commission such advice and assistance with or without reimbursement. To the extent it finds necessary, the Commission may, without regard to the laws and procedures applicable to Federal departments and agencies, make contracts, procure supplies, property, and services (including printing and publishing), and may exercise the powers needed to carry out its functions efficiently and in the public interest.

(b) The Director of the National Park Service or his designee shall be the Executive Director of the Commission. Financial and administrative services (including those related to budgeting, accounting, financial reporting, personnel, and procurement) shall be provided the Commission by the Department of the Interior, for which payment shall be made in advance, or by reimbursement, from funds of the Commission in such amounts as may be agreed upon by the Chairman of the Commission and the Secretary of the Interior: Provided, That the regulations of the Department of the Interior for the collection of indebtedness of personnel resulting from erroneous payments (5 U.S.C. 5514) shall apply to the collection of erroneous payments made to or on behalf of a Commission employee, and regulations of said Secretary for the administrative control of funds (31 U.S.C. 665 (g)) shall apply to appropriations of the Commission.

(c) Beginning with the end of the calendar year in which the Commission is first established, the Commission shall submit annual reports of its activities and plans to the Congress. The Commission shall submit a final report of its activities, including an accounting of funds

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