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S. HRG. 101-327

STATUS OF ALASKA NATIVES

COPY

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

OVERSIGHT HEARING TO PROVIDE THE COMMITTEE WITH VIEWS ON

THE STATUS OF ALASKA NATIVES

MAY 27, 1989
ANCHORAGE, AK

UNITED STATAS

S. HRG. 101-327

STATUS OF ALASKA NATIVES

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

ONE HUNDRED FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

OVERSIGHT HEARING TO PROVIDE THE COMMITTEE WITH VIEWS ON

THE STATUS OF ALASKA NATIVES

MAY 27, 1989
ANCHORAGE, AK

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

23-646

WASHINGTON : 1989

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

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DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii, Chairman

JOHN MCCAIN, Arizona, Vice Chairman
DENNIS DECONCINI, Arizona

FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska
QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota THAD COCHRAN, Mississippi
THOMAS A. DASCHLE, South Dakota SLADE GORTON, Washington
KENT CONRAD, North Dakota
HARRY REID, Nevada

ALAN R. PARKER, Staff Director

PATRICIA M. ZELL, Chief Counsel
ERIC EBERHARD, Minority Staff Director/Counsel

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CONTENTS

Page
49

73

67

69

Statements:

Abel, Tom, Craig, AK
Andrews, Matt, board of directors, Pneuma Corporation, Saint Mary's,

AK

Bahr, Fred, president, Indigenous. Conservators of the Environment, An-

chorage, AK.

Booth, Eleanor, director of social services, Metlakatla Indian Community.

Degnan, June, Unalakleet and Anchorage, AK.

Dementieff, Mitch, president, Tanana Chiefs Conference, Inc., Fairbanks,

AK.

Fate, Mary Jane, president and executive director, Baan O Yeel Corpora-

tion, Rampart

Garber, Bart, council member, Native Village of Tyonek, AK

Gold, Barry, Northern Lights Recovery Center, Nome, AK,

Gregory, Paul, Numan Kitlutsisti and Bethel Village Chief, Bethel, AK

Hensley, Willie, president, NANA Corporation Kotzebue, AK.....

Hotch, Joe, president, Chilkat Indian Village Tribe, Klukwan

Hugo, Beverly, health educator, Barrow, AK.

Inouye, Hon. Daniel K, U.S. Senator from Hawaii, chairman, Select

Committee on Indian Affairs

John, Eva, tribal administrator, Mentasta Lake Traditional Council.
Jordan, Richard, head, anthropology department, University of Alaska,

Fairbanks, AK..

Julisussen, John, board of directors, Seldovia Native Association

Kvasnikoff, Virginia, vice president, Ninilchik Traditional Council

Larson, Alan, tribal chairman, Chickaloon, AK ...

LeBlanc, Elizabeth, plans director, land and resources department, Ca-

lista Corporation, Anchorage, AK.

Miller, William, Dot Lake Traditional Village Council.

Mills, Mary Ann, Sovereign Indigenous Women of the Arctic, Sterling,

AK

Olsen, Nina, Kodiak Area Native Association

Pungowiyi, Galeb, president, Kawerak Incorporated, Nome, AK

Sebesta, Father James, Saint Mary's, AK.

Swan, Clare, tribal chairperson, Kenaitze Indian Tribe, Kenai, AK,

Tabios, Derenty, executive director, the North Pacific Rim, Anchorage,

AK

Tetpon, John F., Alaska Native Communications Society

Tritt, Lincoln, Arctic Village, AK..
Vaska, Tony, Alaska Native Coalition on Employment and Training,

Bethel, AK

1

7

47

57

56

59

72

10

15

414
141

APPENDIX

Prepared statements

Alexander, Clarence L., chairman, Council of Athabascan Tribal Govern-

ments (with attachments).
Andrews, Matt (with attachments)
Black, Lydia T., professor, department of anthropology, University of

Alaska Fairbanks ...

Dementieff, Mitch

Eningowuk, Johnson P., president, Shishmarek Native Corporation

Frost, Paul, Upik Eskimo, Togick, AK..

Garber, Bart K..

Hartwick, Juliet.

(III)

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