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Panella, Evelyn, probation officer, United States District Court,
Southern District, State of New York...
Plunkett, Richard J., M. D., chairman, council on mental health,
American Medical Association, Chicago, Ill
Santoro, Salvatore, Leonia, N. J..
Sayler, Arch E., deputy chief, probation officer, United States District
Court, Southern District, State of New York..
Scheele, Leonard A., M. D., Surgeon General, United States Public
Health Service, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare..
Stevens, Alden, author, Montclair, N. J.
Stevenson, George Herbert, M. D., director, drug addiction research,
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia....
Terranova, Peter E., deputy chief inspector, Police Department,
New York City.
Trautman, John A., M. D., medical officer in charge, Public Health
Service Hospital, Fort Worth, Tex...
Unidentified witnesses (three).
Vento, Joseph, Englewood, N. J...
Zucker, Nathan S., New York City.
Biographical statement of Hubert Shattuck Howe, M. D..
Biographical statement of Andrew A. Eggston, M. D.
Biographical statement of Herbert Berger, M. D., FACP.
Article entitled "Richmond County Narcotic Plan," by Herbert Berger,
Resolution and membership, committee on drug addiction and narcotics,
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Division
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Resolution adopted by the National Association of Attorneys General,
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Membership, council on mental health, American Medical Association.
Excerpts from report of the committee on the narcotic drug situation in
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Biographical statement, Leo H. Bartemeier, M. D.
Statistical data compiled by United States Public Health Service on drug-
Letter to Hon. Henry Epstein, deputy mayor, New York City, dated
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Letter to C. Aubrey Gasque, general counsel, Subcommittee on Narcotics,
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probation officer, Southern District of New York, September 1955-----
ILLICIT NARCOTICS TRAFFIC
(New York, N. Y.)
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1955
UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NARCOTICS,
OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
New York City, N. Y.
The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10: 15 a. m., in room 618, United States Court House, Foley Square, New York, N. Y., Senator Price Daniel (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding. Present: Senators Daniel and Butler.
Also present: C. Aubrey Gasque, general counsel; and W. L. Speer, committee investigator.
Senator DANIEL. The committee will come to order.
This subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee today resumes its hearings on the narcotics traffic throughout the United States. We expect to spend 3 or 4 days here, and then the rest of the week in Washington.
We have two purposes for the hearings to be conducted in New York this week: First, to go into causes and treatment of drug addiction, and to hear any recommendations that may be made as to how we can improve present treatment and rehabilitation programs. Then, the other purpose here is to complete our hearing of the illicit narcotic situation in New York City and in New York State.
He are happy today to have with us the Governor of the great State of New York. At the very outset he pledged his cooperation to this committee, and the officials of this State have been cooperating with this committee, both in our previous hearing and in the interim. 1 want to emphasize that Governor Harriman is not appearing today as a witness, but he is appearing as the Governor of the State of New York at the committee's invitation to meet with us and to give us any statement that he might make with respect to the overall problem of narcotic addiction, narcotics traffic, and placing any special emphasis that he might want to give to the matter of addiction, treatment and rehabilitation.
Let the record show that Senator John Marshall Butler of Maryland is present, with our general counsel, Mr. C. Aubrey Gasque, and our chief investigator, Mr. Speer.
Senator Butler, do you have any comment before we commence the hearing?
Senator BUTLER. Thank you, Senator; I do not.
Senator DANIEL. I would like to say to you, Governor Harriman, the committee appreciates all the assistance and cooperation you have given us, and we will be glad to hear from you at this time.
STATEMENT OF HON. AVERELL HARRIMAN, GOVERNOR, STATE OF NEW YORK
Governor HARRIMAN. Thank you, Senator Daniel, Senator Butler, and your associates of the Subcommittee on Improvement in the Federal Criminal Code of the Committee of the Judiciary, United States Senate. I thank you for your invitation to appear before you this morning.
My principal objective is to pledge to you the cooperation of the State administration in your work. We will follow with great interest what you are doing.
The solution of the problem of narcotics is of vital importance not only to the welfare of the State but the welfare of the Nation, and even though some States have a larger incidence of the addiction to narcotics, it is a problem for all of our States, because in each State there are a few, and those States in which there are no facilities, require Federal assistance, in my judgment, just as much as the States, such as this, which is a port of entry for narcotics.
Now, in behalf of my administration and the people of the State, it gives me great pleasure to welcome you and the other members of your committee, Senator Butler, at the outset of these very important hearings.
The inquiry which your subcommittee is making into the objectives in mind of devising more effective means of curbing the drug traffic in this country is one of the most important, because it affects the economic and social welfare of the people of our State, as well as the Nation.
We have heard and read of the excellent work of your subcommittee, and may I congratulate you upon the judicious approach which you have taken thus far during the course of your probe.
It seems to me that by its very nature the narcotic problem requires for its solution a four-pronged approach.
In the first place, there should be an increased emphasis placed upon the prosecution of drug traffickers. This calls for the enactment, I believe, of more stringent laws carrying heavier penalties. It might also require an increase in the present personnel of those departments of Government whose duty it is to detect and punish violators of the narcotic laws.
The second step, I believe, is that measures should be taken by the Federal Government to provide for compulsory medical treatment of drug addicts and for greatly expanded research into the method by which we can attain the highest rate of cure.
Now, there have been proposals in this State for compulsory medical treatment of drug addicts, and they have not met with the cooperation of the previous administrations.
I believe that the reasons why they were not met with cooperation should be studied and, possibly, a new approach which would make it possible for us to carry through compulsory medical treatment. Senator DANIEL. Governor, as a matter of fact, you have a law with reference to compulsory treatment of juvenile addicts.
Governor HARRIMAN. That is correct.
Senator DANIEL. Are you going into that in your statement?