Economic Sanctions and U.S. Policy Interests: Hearing Before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, June 3, 1998, Volume 4

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Page 162 - ARTICLE 17 1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Page 137 - would complicate any attempt to return them to their original owners". (8) The international judicial system, as currently structured, lacks fully effective remedies for the wrongful confiscation of property and for unjust enrichment from the use of wrongfully confiscated property by governments and private entities at the expense of the rightful owners of the property. (9) International law recognizes that a nation has the ability to provide for rules of law with respect to conduct outside its territory...
Page 79 - NGOs — to see that our use of sanctions is appropriate, coherent, and designed to attract international support. We hope to work with...
Page 164 - to deny Iran the ability to support acts of international terrorism and to fund the development and acquisition of weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them by limiting the development of Iran's ability to explore for, extract, refine, or transport by pipeline petroleum resources of Iran"?
Page 146 - Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Jeffrey J. Schott, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, Economic Sanctions Reconsidered: History and Current Policy...
Page 141 - ... threat to peace" under Article 39 and has imposed sanctions due to such violations of human rights in the cases of Rhodesia, South Africa, Iraq, and the former Yugoslavia. (25) In the case of Haiti, a neighbor of Cuba not as close to the United States as Cuba, the United States led an effort to obtain and did obtain a United Nations Security Council embargo and blockade against that country due to the existence of a military dictatorship in power less than 3 years. (26) United Nations Security...
Page 17 - And I look forward to taking your questions. [The prepared statement of Dr.
Page 77 - ... change the conduct of the targeted country or, at best, are a contributory but probably not a decisive factor in securing the changes of behavior or policy that we seek Multilateral sanctions in contrast maximize international pressure on the offending state. They show unity of international purpose. Because they are multilateral, these sanctions regimes are more difficult to evade or undermine. They minimize the damage to US competitiveness and distribute more equitably the cost of sanctions...
Page 141 - US SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY, EXPORT AND TRADE PROMOTION, COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:35 pm in Room SD-419, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon.
Page 141 - July 31, 1994, subsequently authorized the use of "all necessary means" to restore the "democratically elected government of Haiti", and the democratically elected government of Haiti was restored to power on October 15, 1994. (27) The Cuban people deserve to be assisted in a decisive manner to end the tyranny that has oppressed them for 36 years, and the continued failure to do so constitutes ethically improper conduct by the international community. (28) For the past 36 years, the Cuban...

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